The USA fell to 40th place in the world, in mathematics of 15 year olds in 2016, a devastating drop. Having researched public education in every US state and several of the leading nations, the problems we are describing are the same in all US states, a few worse than Tennessee, and others better. It is seriously damaging the employability of three out of four children, increasing each year. It is weakening our work force in all industries and therefore our nation from within, damaging us more than any external enemy could. We must take action to correct it. Most of all, we need to tell the public the truth, whose children are being educated poorly, after all, it is the public that is paying for public education with their hard-earned tax dollars. One cannot judge by asking the school system about how they are doing. They will all say that they are doing very well, when more than 50% of the high school graduates are untrainable, that robotics will replace by 2020. We will show you how to get the correct answers, the truth, to your question.

Copyright © 2018 V. Spencer, Updated on 2/12/2018.
"The truth shall make you free". But first, it may make you angry.


US Public Education: Most public schools are poorly performing. Go here for the best high schools in the US.
Bloated central management, 6-8 times normal and without sound management training and experience of anyone, is by far the most damaging cause of poor performance.
Many exciting changes are coming! Check them out!
What does "Readiness" mean in job training when we consider robots and college requirements in science and engineering programs as well?
The "Graduation rate and the ACT Readiness" Gap
What are "Cut Scores"? How are they being used e.g., in Tennessee?
What is "ACT Readiness", what are "Goals", "Objectives", and "Annual Operating Plans" to achieve the Objective(s), without exceeding Expenses, and what are a few "management-related issues" in education?
What Actions are Most Important To Improve ACT (or SAT) or NAEP Scores? The Right Objectives, Operating Plans to Reach The Objectives, Understanding of Management, Keeping Central Management Small and Keep Only Employees Who Perform Well. Shift the Gains to the Classrooms.
References about US Teacher Education
Problems created by K-12 education decline
Future impact of robotics on jobs
Charter schools - do they work well or not?
What do student results depend on the most?
Lessons for the United States from OECD-PISA
OECD: What makes school systems perform well?
Good, well trained teachers are the most important employees in our schools.
Six drivers of student success
The USA dropped to 40th in education in the world. What are the best countries in education doing differently than we do?
The actions that states and school districts need to take to improve our children's education
We hope that you will look at this 8th grade test from 1912. Could our 8th graders pass such a test today?


Not everyone realizes that for the last few decades the most important fundamental milestone in education was a high school diploma with results that CANNOT compete with the best countries in education internationally. Why is it important to compete with the international high performers? It was the high school graduates with good results on whom the success of companies' work forces as well as government establishments' and the military branches' work forces depended on and will depend on in the future. In my interpretation of "work force", I include Research & Development who typically include very highly trained people with graduate degrees. College educated or not, a workforce requires excellent high school graduates. The quality of products and services that any company provides, depends on how well educated AND experienced the work force of each company or industry group is. They create those products and services.


What does all this mean? The top ten countries' in education graduate children in an average ACT equivalent range of 27-32 with an ACT readiness equivalent of 95-99%. To be minimally competitive our American children must have an average ACT score of 25 minimum, and a 75% ACT readiness, also minimum, in our graduating classes. We are at only ACT 21, with an ACT readiness at 25% per graduating class. Such score represents the 40th place internationally. We are not improving relative the competition. They are progressing faster. The knowledge of work forces are also increasing worldwide, generally driven by technological advances. Nanotechnology will bring a major increase in every area during 2020-2023. Please look at the chart to see where we are as Knox County, Tennessee, and the state of Tennessee. Unfortunately we have very poor and static results. This does not speak well of the school district management and the Tennessee Department of Education. Every country has enough sense to centralize common functions, with the best talent found in that nation. We may be the only ones who go to the general public for new plan ideas. Considering that we dumbed down the public since 1970, we could not do a worse job in planning and it shows in the results.


THE MAJOR CHALLENGE: in the future there will be many new technology-created advancements that will require significant knowledge to upgrade existing work forces. If the high school-created education went more advanced, with a continuing education program like in Finland or Singapore in mathematics and the sciences on the advanced level, then worker retraining to remain competitive could be short enough, six moths or less. Unfortunately we are far below Finland or Singapore. Since our public high school training is very poor, and keeps getting worse, it will be more common in the USA to replace the old technology workers with robotics, because robots are more easily upgradable and do a uniformly high quality job. Our poor high school performance will create major social problems with the under-educated low end of the work force by 2020-2023. We have been building this "powder keg" for decades, ignoring future trends including robotic automation, and the longer we wait and tolerate poor performance, the greater our damage is going to be. It should be noted that our performance is so bad that only about 50% of the best schools' graduates are prepared to learn a skill that will be useful for 10 years at most. But with African American students, the readiness upon graduation is only 3-6%. A school system in New York, Success Academy Schools, produces TOP ONE PERCENT RESULTS WITH POOR, INNER CITY, AFRICAN AMERICAN CHILDREN! We should be going up there to find out how they do it, but as usual, a poorly performing politically managed organization like public school districts, they are not interested in improving. Our African American children perform in the bottom 3-5% which is absolutely shameful. That is what we appear to have in the great majority of school districts in Tennessee and in other states in the USA.

Many helpful things are not known or understood in elected public school boards or in management both on the state or school district level. School district planning in the past never considered how high performers in the USA and especially internationally, achieve both high morale and high results. Instead we tell the public "how well we are doing" and then we ask the public what we as a school district should be doing. If the results are bad, the public input is the problem, because our school systems have no idea and do not want to learn how to plan correctly. NO OTHER COUNTRY GOES TO THE PUBLIC TO FIND OUT WHAT THEY SHOULD DO WITH PUBLIC EDUCATION! THAT IS LIKE GENERAL MOTORS' OR NASA HOLDING PUBLIC MEETINGS ABOUT WHAT THE SPECIFICATIONS SHOULD BE FOR THEIR NEW CAR MODELS OR PROJECTS. WE HAVE A LOT OF NERVE DOING THAT, AFTER LYING TO THE PUBLIC ABOUT HOW WELL WE ARE EDUCATING OUR CHILDREN. WHAT HIGH PERFORMERS DO IS VISIT THE BEST 2-3 PERFORMERS IN THE WORLD TO FIND OUT HOW THEY ACHIEVE THEIR HIGH RESULTS. THEN THEY INNOVATE ON TOP OF WHAT THEY HAVE LEARNED FROM THE BEST. THE STUDENT IS THE "PRODUCT" OF THE SCHOOL DISTRICT.

Our public schools fail to prepare 83-87% of our children today in 2018 to be employable. We would be very angry if 83-87% of the Fords or Toyotas we bought failed to function and we could not even get a refund. Ford or Toyota would have to fix all the problems at their expense, or they would be out of business. IS OUR CHILDREN'S FUTURE LESS IMPORTANT THAN THE FORD OR TOTOTA EXAMPLE MENTIONED? THERE IS NO OTHER BUSINESS OR ACTIVITY THAT WOULD BE ALLOWED TO CONTINUE WITH THE HIGH FAILURE RATE THAT OUR PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS PRODUCE.

Click here to read the article.

Since 1970 or even before, according to the above Cato Institute report, spending per student and hiring of employees for the school districts skyrocketed. However, our children's education went nowhere, while many countries increased the education of their high school graduates. It is very irresponsible that for almost 50 years now, no state governor put a halt to spending increases to question and investigate every year why the results are not improving as they did in some other countries. Such a long-term decline in what our children learned since 1970, actually dumbed down the public, damaged the work force, the citizenry and the future of our children.



e.g., reevaluate needed staffing, reduce the size of central management to 1% of total district employees, use the gain to improve schools, improve teacher salaries based on performance.

e.g., replace ineffective employees, iMPROVE: procedure to hire new employees at any level, continuing teacher education, management training for principals, subjects taught and their teaching methodologies, teacher authority for disciplining bad behavior, reduce teacher paperwork, network implementation for education through the Internet, how teachers can make all classrooms fun for students.



e.g., eye on monthly (GPA?) achievement, expense control, are we achieving all that was planned, make evaluation of teacher input for improving student performance high priority.



Go up and repeat every month

Unfortunately one big reason for poor school performance is the lack of modern management methods that are necessary for moving results up to ensure job readiness of 80% of a graduating class, from the current 20-30%. That WILL NOT happen without such tools.


The above needs good management skills on the level of principals especially. Average or poor performers will argue to water this process down. In view of the poor student readiness upon graduation, it must be done, structuring activities such that people can achieve within normal working hours. There will be "cannot be done" attitudes. Many, in a poorly performing school district. Must be very firm about changes. At least 80% of our children's lives depend on this, and so does the state and our nation. Make teaching a highly respectable profession. Unfortunately only excellent results can do that.




When 80% or more children are graduated but not prepared, AND GET A DIPLOMA FROM YOUR SCHOOL like above, do you think that your school district management has been spending our hard-earned tax dollars in the right places? Do they have a clue how to do a good job?

Please look at the Knox County, Tennessee chart below next, that shows the individual high school's performance in two successive years in "ACT readiness".



When 80% or more children are graduated but not prepared, AND GET A DIPLOMA FROM YOUR SCHOOL like above, do you think that your school district management has been spending our hard-earned tax dollars in the right places? Do they have a clue how to do a good job?

Lastly, please look at the ACT scores' fourteen-year trend below. Especially the bottom two high schools whose scores are not increasing, although we spend two and a half times as much as in the other high schools. Compare these high schools to the Success Academy Schools with 41 schools in New York City who are delivering top 1%-3% results passing even most private schools with poor inner city African American students.



When 80% or more children are graduated but not prepared, AND GET A DIPLOMA FROM YOUR SCHOOL like above, do you think that your school district management has been spending our hard-earned tax dollars in the right places? Do they have a clue how to do a good job?

Look at the bottom two high schools. Their ACT performance trend went down for fourteen years now, although we have spent more than twice the amount per student in these high schools to date than what we spent per student in the other high schools. Did the principals of these high schools do a good job? No. So what did the superintendent do? He appointed one of these two principals to be responsible for education over all schools. And the elected board of education approved it. Why did previous boards keep such people? Many of the students are African American children in these two high schools. It just happens that there is a brilliant school system in New York that is scoring TOP ONE-TO-THREE PERCENT IN THE NEW YORK COMMON CORE TESTS, BEATING EVEN MOST PRIVATE SCHOOLS IN NEW YORK STATE, WITH POOR, INNER CITY AFRICAN AMERICAN CHILDREN: SUCCESS ACADEMY SCHOOLS. No principal or any other person, although urged to do so, ever visited this school system in New York City to find out how they are achieving such high results. So we promoted to head all schools someone whose ACT achievement was a disaster. Clearly he was not even ready for his previous job. You promote people who have achieved excellent ACT scores, that preferably rose 15% from their previous year's actual ACT scores, because they figured out how to get excellent results. You should never promote people with poor results. It is a morale killer in the organization, plus you get bad results on a larger scale. To gamble like this with our children's future is an extremely poor decision.





As one looks at all four graphs above, do they show a well managed school operation delivering excellence to all children? "Excellence for all children" is the slogan of the Knox County School system in Tennessee, that actually delivers 80% of graduates in 2016 who are NOT READY or prepared to learn a job that would make them self supporting, according to ACT. That means a hopeless future, replaced by robotics. Does the Knox County school district in Tennessee tell the public this truth or a different story? Board members are elected from the public, they assume that the superintendent and his/her person know what to do. AND THE SUPERINTENDENT AND HIS HUGE STAFF DO NOT. THE TENNESSEE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION IS OF NO HELP TO THE ELECTED BOARD MEMBERS. So goes on the game for decades. At the same time there is a 41-school chain called Success Academy Schools in New York City for poor, inner city, mostly African American children who are achieving TOP ONE PERCENT RESULTS, PASSING EVEN PRIVATE SCHOOLS. New York state is the fifth best state in education. Tennessee is 40th-46th depending on whose survey one looks at. Our African American children achieve BOTTOM 3-6% ACT READINESS. We suggested a visit to this school because there are many things to learn from a high performer, but there was no interest during the past two years after several suggestions. We have 17,000 school districts in the USA. Knox County, Tennessee is a little less then average, and will spend about $500,000,000 during the 2017-2018 school year, to put 80% of our graduating children on the road to nowhere. And that is their version of "EXCELLENCE FOR ALL CHILDREN."



The superintendent and his/her senior staff, especially those responsible for the education results, work for you and they are to deliver excellent results for those who voted for you. Many such people have excellent verbal skills and could sell peanut brittle to people with no teeth when it comes to defending their poor results. If you did make sure that they have an ACT score objective to meet, that is 10-15% above the previous poor ACT result, then you would get much better ACT scores and readiness. Never assume that such people must know what to do. Most of the time they do not. Why? Because if they did, they would understand and remember their ACT objective all the time, especially if they also have a measurable MONTHLY academic objective to remind them. Their results would be at or above 25 average ACT, with 70% of the graduating classes being ACT ready, instead of only 20% like now. The most important thing is to have each of those in a management position meet a measurable ACT objective like the last achieved ACT score plus 15%. However, we cannot expect board members coming from the general public to know such a thing, but we would expect the state Department of Education to explain all such tools to new board members in a handbook, which THEY have not done before and probably do not know enough to create.

Never tolerate in the organization the promotion of an individual who had poor results in his previous job. Poor results = poor job done. He or she must know first how to do a good job on the lower level before consideration for promotion. Giving a higher level job to a person who did not do well is incredibly irresponsible. Such a person will not be able to do an acceptable job. This is one of the biggest signs of incompetence of two people: the one who was promoted and the one who did the promotion. Obviously, neither cares nor knows that they are hurting the students. The board's most important task is to raise the poor results. AGAIN, the state Education Department needs to ensure that this happens.


The superintendent in Knox County, Tennessee announced meetings to be held with the public at each high school in early 2018 to determine what the high schools should achieve. Please note that since 1970 our education cost skyrocketed per student, but the ACT results dropped into a very poor area. As of 2016 we dropped to 40th place in the world in high school mathematics. At the same time we filled the public's ears with false stories about how well we are doing. There can be no doubt that fifty years of reducing high school graduate knowledge actually dumbed down the public. 39 other nations passed us. AND NOW WE WANT TO LISTEN TO THE PUBLIC ABOUT CREATING A STRATEGIC PLAN THAT WILL IMPROVE THINGS? THAT IS JUST A METHOD FOR THE OLD SYSTEM TO DO ANOTHER 3-4 YEARS AND NOT BE ACCOUNTABLE FOR THE BAD RESULTS THAT THEY ARE CERTAIN TO GET - AS BEFORE. No high performing nation in education does such a foolish thing as "creating the need to consult with those you dumbed down to find out what you should be doing" All high performing countries have one team of experts to make such decisions, not the public, and the results of this method are already known to be the best. What this false method is doing is trying to ingratiate themselves to the public and to have someone else to blame, the public, if things work out as poorly as in the past. The results will be worse. Such a move wastes a lot of money, time, and there is nothing strategic about it. It is not a plan that produces good results. Such people make organizations fail.

When asking specific questions, insist on getting specific answers. I am sure that you would do at least that much for the thousands of children whose lives were and are ruined by the school system (Those 80% who are not ACT ready upon graduation). Then do something about improving the school districts' ACT performance. For example, I am sure that Board members know what an acceptable ACT Readiness percentage is. Based on what we know, less than 60% being ACT Ready is unacceptable. 80% and more is good. Again, the state Education Department must set the high expectation standards, for any improvement to happen.


One cannot be friend with people who work for you. You may have to make decisions about such a person that are difficult to make. Hopefully it is the education that the children get that is most important to you, the board member. So far, they are not doing well enough. So far we are simply ensuring that school is too easy, and we are preparing children to NOT SURVIVE IN AN INCREASINGLY TOUGHER WORLD.


Do not demand a 90% graduation rate. We are achieving it by dumbing down the state test with "Cut Scores", that raises grades by not requiring as much knowledge as without Cut Scores being established. It is done by pushing teachers to change grades to advance marginal students, and by requiring or tolerating objectives that make no sense, and all without an operating plan that successful management requires. But the state Education Department does not explain how to use such tools, and such poor preparation destroys what knowledge remains after the state's Education Department ensures with it's decisions that the school districts can only be unsuccessful. We have to examine the CONSTITUTIONAL legality of such behavior by the state Education Department. Without high ACT readiness (only 20% of graduates WITH A DIPLOMA being ACT ready, trainable for a job, the 90% graduation rate is meaningless).

The Knox County School District in Tennessee is nowhere near their slogan "Excellence for all children." Their first step in that direction MUST BE an efficient professional central management team where every single person is responsible for delivering a measurable contribution that helps our schools deliver much better ACT scores than delivered to date, with total central management not exceeding one percent of total school district employees. There are two standards set about the one percent standard which we cover later. School districts spend 5-10 times that much money that would better serve the schools instead. The principals must express openly in writing what they need from central management, for which they will deliver the needed ACT growth. Performance is measured by the average ACT scores. That needs to be fundamental. Promoting a principal to be above all principals, who delivered bad results as a principal, is not justified just because he or she "can sell peanut brittle to toothless people". Yet we do that very well.

Today, and for several decades now, American products have been competing with foreign products at home as well as in almost all countries worldwide. We used to dominate almost all industries with American products because we had one of the best educated work forces in the world. I was traveling to 65 countries regularly for several decades back then AND I SAW THIS HAPPENING. As our high school graduates education started dropping, so did the education of our national work force, and as a result so did our products' quality. We lost entire industries, like everything in electronics; not because of lower salaries overseas. That was just an excuse. That is when we started telling the public that "We are the best!", and start telling little Johnny who was failing in school and got into trouble, "Johnny you are the best, you can do it!!". Before this period, if Johnny was bad in school, he was punished in school, and he was punished at home also. AND SO IT STARTED. THE WORLD BECAME MORE COMPETITIVE, AND A TOUGHER PLACE TO WORK, SO WE STARTED GRADUATING SOFTER, LESS EDUCATED CHILDREN IN A PERMISSIVE SCHOOL AND HOME ENVIRONMENT FOR A TOUGHER WORLD.

Anywhere in this world, success depends on how competitive one is in one's target market in product and/or service quality and cost. Both of these depend on how well the work force (including R&D) is educated coming out of high school and how well educated and experienced management is. Most American products compete in sales for customers worldwide. That makes high school education a most important first step in order to be competitive with the best nations in preschool, primary and secondary school in education, to ensure both employer and student success in life.

Our public education districts make claims such as "We provide excellent education for all children", yet 83% of those who graduate are not ready in Tennessee according to ACT. IS THAT WAS EXCELLENCE IS? Employers have been complaining about today's graduates not being able to communicate in English properly, don't even know basic math, and have a bad attitude on the job. Since 1970 we dropped from the top to 40th in math of 73 nations. IS THAT WHAT EXCELLENCE IS? The scale of this poor performance makes this problem a state emergency.

We hear often that teachers are instructed from above to change a student's grades so that the student advances toward the next grade, instead of failing. Eventually that may lead to a low job since the school will allow such children to graduate from high school, but robotics will replace them.

There are at least four companies when a state decides to change the state tests. It costs $100-200 million to do that. The test creating company creates the tests to meet exactly what the state curriculum requires, such that 90-100% correct answers are an "A", all the way to less then 60% being correct is an "F" or failing grade. If too many children are failing the initially designed test by experts, the state does not distribute but makes the test easier by changing the percentage of correct answers for the grades. For example if too many are failing, they change the failing grade from "less then 60%" to "less than 40%" or lower. WHAT DOES THIS METHOD DO? IT DOES NOT TEACH OUR CHILDREN MORE. IT PASSES MORE CHILDREN WITH OTHERWISE FAILING GRADES, SO THAT WE PASS INTO THE WORLD MORE CHILDREN WHO WERE PURPOSEFULLY MADE DUMMER, BECAUSE WE TAUGHT THEM LESS FOR THE SAME GRADE.


Our state education departments and governors did nothing that raised the ACT (or SAT) scores, to make our high schools INTERNATIONALLY COMPETITIVE. Instead, they are fibbing to the public about the "high scores" of dumbed down tests our children are given. They have done nothing to improve even the teachers' curriculum and teacher qualification in college, limiting thereby what the K-12 student will be able to learn.

To make it worse, we have more than 14,000 school districts nationally with an independently elected school board of the local population who do not know enough about how to achieve better results. We are finding that the state Departments of Education are the source of ideas that dumbs down the students. They don't know that our school results are unacceptable, they know nothing about what the best education systems are doing to achieve much higher results. IT IS NOT POSSIBLE TO ACHIEVE AN EDUCATION SYSTEM WITH GOOD RESULTS THIS WAY, AND ONE ENDS UP WITH HUGE DUPLICATION OF ENTIRE GROUPS AT ENORMOUS EXPENSE. SUCH STANDARDS ARE ALWAYS ESTABLISHED CENTRALLY IN HIGH PERFORMING COUNTRIES.


Any state education department can change the scoring system of their state test any year, many times to make the grades look better by reducing the percentage of correct answers required for a grade. They call this process "Cut Scores". For example a "B" grade normally represents a test result where 80-89% of the answers were correct. By reducing the value of "B" to only 55% correct answers, you will have more "B" and PASSING students instead of improving teaching conditions, teacher qualifications and learning the latest methodologies in teaching from the best in the world, as well as harsher punishments for students who disrupt teaching and other students' learning. BUT THE ELECTED DISTRICT BOARD IS GUARANTEED EXPENSES BY LAW TO BE AT LEAST THE SAME AS THE PRIOR YEAR'S ACTUAL EXPENSES, WITHOUT HAVING TO DELIVER GOOD RESULTS, AND THEY MAKE ALL DECISIONS WITHOUT UNDERSTANDING THE PROBLEMS OR THE RESULTS THAT NEED TO BE ACHIEVED. THIS MEANS THAT THE GRADES COULD RISE TO GRADUATE THE STUDENTS, BUT THE STUDENTS' KNOWLEDGE OF THE SUBJECTS REQUIRED FOR HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION IS LOWERED, SOMETIMES SIGNIFICANTLY BY MAKING THE TESTS EASIER. MAKING THE TESTS EASIER LOWERS JOB PROSPECTS, INCREASES POVERTY, CREATES MAJOR PROBLEMS FOR EMPLOYERS - AND THEN THE SCHOOL SYSTEM BLAMES POVERTY FOR POOR RESULTS WHEN IT IS THE LOWERED KNOWLEDGE THAT CREATES POVERTY. THE EXCEPTIONS TO THIS TEST DUMBING DOWN ARE THE NATIONAL TESTS: NAEP, ACT AND SAT.

It is the quality of the results to date that attract the best people for any job, and create the highest respect for those who do the job. Bad results get mostly employees who come from the bottom third of educational establishments according to the literature. Among the top international countries in education, in one country teachers come from the top 10% of those with a Master's Degree program in the subject that they will teach. The rest come from the top 30%. That alone makes a huge difference. In the USA, teachers come from the bottom 30% of university graduates from a four-year teaching program. Click here to read about it.

We saw a few decades ago that many of our children who did poorly in high school could not even make change for a customer in a store, unless the cash register computed the change for them. The idea was injected into the public that "all children are not college material" so they may use a calculator in school, even for a test. It was not a smart thing to do. It interrupted brain cell interconnections (neuronal firing paths) in the area of the brain that deals with mathematics. Higher mathematics being connected to many other fields, the calculator use likely has a broader negative impact. Discuss with a neurologist if desired.

At the same time another idea was injected into the public. It was the idea that we need to encourage children by telling them that they are very smart and can do anything, because they are the best, and we are the best in the world. All of this, to save their self esteem. Children are not stupid. They know very well that they are not understanding what some teachers are talking about in the boring class they must attend. "Boring" because too many of their teachers changed to a teaching major in college because their chosen major "was too difficult and required too much work". Boring because to excite students about a subject, the teacher needs to be excited about and be very well educated in the subject, and teaching itself, especially in math and the sciences. Instead they learned far less per subject, covering about six subjects in the "education" major.

Teacher training also became a weaker major program of study since 1970 in the USA. It did not improve like it did in many countries after WWII. After a few years the countries that passed us started requiring a BS and MS degree, both in the same subject they needed for teaching. Potential teachers had to be in the top third of the university's grade performance (in Finland the top 10%), whereas in the USA teachers came from the bottom third of university performance. In 2016 the OECD PISA tests in mathematics for fifteen year old school children showed that American primary and secondary education deteriorated to 40th in the world, the bottom of the industrialized countries.

We used to be on top in 1970. The ACT Readiness benchmarks indicated that as of 2016, 83% of the graduating children in Tennessee, and 76% nationally were not prepared for further learning that would protect their employability. In addition, we will also show that such children deteriorated so much that they cannot communicate properly in English, cannot do basic math and have a bad attitude on the job as high school graduates, according to employers.

During all these years we became one of the highest spenders in the world per student. We were also shocked to find that the poor results were created mutually by the state Education Departments and the school districts. High school graduates feed the work forces for every industry. It is the work force that creates the high quality products and services at a competitive cost. Look around. Most products that you see were designed in other countries today and made there as well.

Our competitiveness suffered greatly, because we allowed our public education to deteriorate so much that it has been degrading the US work force and our ability to compete worldwide. Education expenses per student rose quickly to the 5th highest in the world per student, but the student results deteriorated to 40th in mathematics compared to other industrialized nations during the past 50 years. The ACT and SAT scores measure student results. No governor in those 50 years stopped the skyrocketing education expenses because education was not improving and changed some operating practices to raise the key indicators of performance, the ACT and SAT scores. But what really happened is worse. Before we go there, please look at the chart below, and ask questions until you completely understand the information in this chart.

The ACT and SAT tests show at the end of high school what our children learned from grade one to twelve. We will use as our example Tennessee, and Knox County, Tennessee with ACT examples because ACT also publishes the readiness of a graduating student to have a 50-75% chance to complete only the first year of a vocational/Technical school's or a college's program. The ACT readiness is calculated with specific benchmark scores in four subjects, that show what employers need. Science and engineering courses would not apply in ACT readiness, because the colleges and universities have much higher mathematics score prerequisites for those areas of study, than what the ACT score is for their mathematics benchmark. The effect of robotics is also excluded from the ACT readiness consideration as yet, because it means that all employees will be replaced by robotic automation by 2023 who have not graduated from high school ACT Ready. In addition robotics have already started replacing jobs that require a higher than BA or BS degree.

The high school graduates who were not ACT Ready calculated in the above chart based on how many students entered high school in grade 9, and not just based on those who graduated from high school. The chart shows performance with more than 80% of those children who graduated from high school with a diploma, not being ACT Ready. Their jobs will be replaced by robots. For African American children who graduated with a diploma, 97% are not ACT Ready and will be replaced by robots. However, in New York City the 41-school Success Academy Schools are scoring top one percent, passing even most private schools, WITH POOR, INNER CITY, MOSTLY SINGLE PARENT, AFRICAN AMERICAN CHILDREN! In the US average 76% to as much as 100% in a number of schools, those with a high school diploma are not and have not been ready for a job or be trainable. But our public schools keep telling us more positive news based on easier tests, the state tests themselves.



The states and school districts are pushing students to graduate on time regardless of whether they are ready or not, in order to show that 90% of them graduated. It does not matter to them that more than 80% who graduated are not prepared well enough to get a job, and will be replaced by robots by 2023. What this policy accomplished was the pushing of children into the next grade as soon as possible, damaging their education, even falsifying test grades to do so, on instruction by higher management. Is this a smart thing to do? After all, parents care about their children graduating with the knowledge that will allow them to get a job or get into job training or a university to get a much better job with a secure future. Isn't that right? If we targeted and focused on the achievement of an ACT score that is 10% higher than what we achieved before, instead of focusing on a 90% graduation rate, wouldn't the graduation rate go up?

Free two-year college state programs will not have much impact BUT COST US MORE MONEY. Measure them by what percentage of graduates from such a program take the ACT again and qualify as ACT READY. Public education as it is, creates bad study habits, bad attitudes, and insufficient brain development making studying anything new more difficult. Why we are not correcting some fundamental problems starting with pre-school is very strange, considering that it is decisions made at the school district and state education department level that create the bad results. Correcting bad habits and attitudes that developed during the formative years cannot be corrected with our old education practices. It is the education system from pre-school through elementary and high school that needs to be made competitive with the top performing countries, and that requires a systemic change. We created this less than useful system and now we are acting as if it cannot be corrected -- as we implement practices that make it work less?

State tests are prepared by professionals with a Master's degree in the subject of the test, to match exactly the specific subject area as defined by the curriculum for the students. In other words 90-100% correct answers are the same as an A grade, less than 60% correct answers are an F grade. After a state test is published, the school districts have to wait for a year or two until the state Ed Dept. decides where the "cut scores" will be applied. As with the TCAPs in Tennessee, 45% correct answers will not be an F, but it will be a B score. This is the most efficient dumbing down method to dumb down our children, and it is done not by school districts but the state education departments, with the approval of the governor we assume, in order to show good grades for the public, while reducing the education level of the graduating students. The State of Tennessee and probably others also changed the old Tennessee state test, at a cost of about $200 million. They had the students take it but they decided not to publish the results. Instead they postponed its introduction and they are working on "making it better" better using "cut scores" which will "align our children's progress toward the future ACT results to make them better". Let us translate. They are dumbing it down with "cut scores" to raise ACT results, which is a fabrication.


The availability of more sophisticated robotics since 2016, with a declining cost, is of major concern for today's students and work force because most high school graduates (40-97% NOT Ready per ACT) are poorly educated. Many employers cannot find potential employees, who are educated well enough to do the job. ACT's testing shows that 83% of today's graduating class in Tennessee is not prepared to complete even the first year of a job/technical training program or the first year of ANY college program to qualify for a job. The same is true for 96% of African American students who earned a diploma. Such poor performance by our public schools has been creating almost three million such children per year nationally for several years now to weaken our work force, with such children not being able to compete with robotics and likely to be unemployed for the rest of their lives. This high percentage cannot communicate properly in English, cannot read well enough, cannot even do basic math and if that was not enough, they bring a bad attitude and a feeling of entitlement to the job they get. Robotics can do a high quality job for which they are designed every single time, 24/7, except for 2-4 hours/month for maintenance. Any job that is repetitive, short or long cycle (the time one cycle takes to do a complete job), will be replaced by robots. Any job in a hazardous environment will be replaced by robots. Today's high school graduates are becoming significantly more expensive than robots, and human beings in general will not be able to match the speed and job-quality of robots. This is not a new development. We have known about this since the late 1970's. Unfortunately the state Education Departments did nothing to improve our school districts.

THE ROBOTIC IMPACT ON JOBS: Prior to 2015, it was the low-end jobs in manufacturing mostly that were replaced by robotics and software automation. As of 2017 robotics are advancing rapidly to replace all low-end jobs. The deteriorating public high school performance has become a primary concern of employers. Artificial intelligence (AI) passed average human levels in 2015 and it is a major component of robotics. AI itself is about to become part of all applications making them easier and faster. Technology expenses dropped, making some robotic solutions much less expensive than hiring people with less education than the job requires. Robots can take many forms other than a walking and talking toy. Robotics will keep advancing higher by 2020 and beyond. That means that children with a high school education only, as education is being provided today, will not be employable longer than a few years. According to ACT, 83% of those in Tennessee, and 74% nationally in 2016, who graduated with a high school diploma are not prepared for more than a minimum wage job. Nationally that is close to three million children. That is a terrible result. Among African American graduates more than 95% are not prepared. Robotics is not the reason for this. Our poor public education is.

Naturally, there are many excuses for such poor result but a 41-school charter school chain in New York City, Success Academy Schools, is passing even most private schools! It has been scoring top one percent with its poor, African American, inner city children AND the education management people are not willing to visit them from Tennessee to find out how they are doing it.

Do not push children toward a vocational decision. The brain is not sufficiently developed for that until they become 18. What they need for the future is at least a 25 ACT average, and a lot more math and science than what they are getting in high school today. By the way, Charter Schools are also public schools, and they are not taking money away from traditional public schools as many may try to tell you.



A third of Tennessee's high school graduates did not even meet Tennessee's graduation requirements in courses that are prerequisites for a diploma (Click here for details)!


That means bad management with no controls to put it mildly.

This is in addition to one of the worst education results per the ACT test that shows more than 80% of the graduating high school students in Tennessee do not know enough to be trained for most jobs. How can we be so negligent? How can that happen? It happens when the Tennessee Education Department does not pay attention to the way the school districts do their jobs. We focus on and push children (and even change their grades) to graduate, even on the state level, and do not focus at all on ACT or SAT test achievement. It is damaging our school children. They graduate from high school, but do not know enough as a result of their schooling to survive.


More than 70% of high school graduates with a diploma nationally (more than 80% in Tennessee) achieve such a low result that they will not be able to work any future job, then the outcome can become a devastating surprise. Why didn't any governor change that practice to focusing on achieving specific ACT test scores that are 10% higher than the last average ACT score achieved?

Why do we have bad results in public schools? High technology businesses are growing if well managed, in a highly competitive environment. They want to know and find out what their customers need and why. They find out without delay what their competitors are doing and are honest with themselves to recognize where they stand against competitors with any new development. No one guarantees them money to keep operating regardless of how good a job they do. They understand management as a science very well, as well as their jobs. They focus on what their customers need. If they do not do all this very well relative their competitors, they will not stay in business.



Our education system has been in competition for several decades. Unfortunately, that fact goes unrecognized. Like any activity in a competitive environment, we must improve or we will have to pay dearly for our inattention to date. Our schools' product, the student, has to be competitively educated compared to other countries' best schools, because high school graduates in any country will end up in the work force. The work force develops, makes and services the American or foreign goods and services. Our companies and industries are competing worldwide with all products and services. If any company's work force is not educated well enough compared to the best in the world, their products and services cannot sell as well and will not appeal in price and performance to those who buy such products in any country. Our high school education dropped to 40th in the world in mathematics, a most important subject, and that is why we see the best products in most areas from other countries right here in the U.S. We lost entire industries because this fact went unrecognized. To be competitive, high schools should compare their results to the high international performers not only in their own state or country but to the best in the world, and should do everything mentioned in the paragraph above that businesses do to survive. THAT is the problem with our education system. We have not changed the way we do things in our schools for a hundred years. Other countries changed and passed us. In 2015 we dropped to 40th place in high school mathematics in the world.



Our teacher training programs are weaker at the university level than those in the top performing nations in education (click here for details). We must improve it significantly. Without that, our K-12 education cannot improve enough. The education system must change completely to be competitive with the best in the world if we are to regain our economic strength.

RECOMMENDATION: The state focuses school districts on achieving higher graduation rates. The teachers are pushed every much about the promotion rate from one grade to another. They are pushed in some schools to even change grades on some students, so that they will graduate on time. The parents don't mind that little Johnny graduates instead of flunking out. So little Johnny graduates on time - without enough knowledge to be employed. THIS IS AN INCREDIBLY STUPID STRATEGY IF THE STATE WANTS EMPLOYABLE CHILDREN TO GRADUATE FROM HIGH SCHOOL. THE TEACHERS ARE PUSHED SO HARD THAT THEY ARE EVEN INSTRUCTED TO CHANGE GRADES. THE RESULT IS THAT THE ACT SCORES SUFFER, AND 83% OF THE GRADUATING CHILDREN ARE NOT "ACT READY" STATEWIDE. THEY ARE UNEMPLOYABLE. THIS IS SO STUPID THAT IT BOGGLES THE MIND. IF EACH SCHOOL SET A GPA OBJECTIVE THAT WOULD BE 10% HIGHER THAN THE LAST YEAR'S GPA PERFORMANCE, THE GRADUATION RATE WOULD GO UP AND SO WOUILD THE ACT SCORES. SOMETHING IS NOT RIGHT THE WAY WE TEACH IN TENNESSEE. MAKING THE TEACHER'S JOB MORE DIFFICULT IS NOT THE RIGHT WAY.

That is not all. The states change the state tests. It costs "ONLY" $100-200 million dollars. There are several very large test creating companies with billions of dollars in sales, that write a test exactly for the subjects requested matching the curriculum. They write it such that 90% to 100% of the answers being correct would mean an "A" grade. Less than 60% correct answers would be a failing grade. The state then runs the test with every student and compares its previous results to the new test's results. The test results will be poor because the previous test was dumbed down with a method called "cut scores". They must apply cut scores to the new test or the public will get very upset. The insufficient student knowledge of the subjects is a teaching problem, that was created by the state Department of Education. So the state Education Department lowers the failing grade from 60% good answers to 35% good answers. They may lower the top grade also in the same subject, and they may do this "cut score" method to any number or all subjects. The problem is solved. OR IS IT? Little Johnny and his mom feel good because little Johnny is getting good grades, and will get a high school diploma. But little Johnny cannot get a job, because the state Education Department made little Johnny dumber than a post.


"Never underestimate the power of: stupid people in large groups!"

George Carlin

Examples: approval for students to use calculators in our schools; state education departments creating "cut scores" to raise scores while dumbing down the students; having the requirement for objectives that are meaningless and/or unmeasurable.

New technologies will come every 5-8 years eliminating many low end jobs, and opening great opportunities for new jobs, but they will require more education. We cannot fill about 3,000,000 jobs today for that reason. The big problem for people will be their long declining high school education that had and still has a monopoly on public education, all of a sudden having to face robotics at a lower cost. Have high school graduates received enough education during the past two decades to make it possible to train the majority of high school graduates within a month or two for the new job? Unfortunately not. Their survival depends on how well they were educated in high school BEYOND ACT READINESS LEVEL, and how well did they keep learning more at the college level until the technology change occurred. If they have not done that, then the more advanced robots will get the new jobs. Why? Because all high technology companies have always kept working on creating a better product in a highly competitive environment, but schools did not, as the ACT charts show on this website. Schools are political organizations. That means that they are too slow to respond to change, especially when the school systems never had to improve ACT and SAT scores for decades, with some even below US average like in Tennessee or Kentucky. TO SURVIVE, RECOGNIZING CHANGE IS NO LONGER ENOUGH. ANY ORGANIZATION MUST ANTICIPATE CHANGE BY SEVERAL YEARS. We are not confident about our school systems having the capability and discipline necessary to change and compete with robotics. This problem cannot be solved without total honesty with the public about the state of education vs. robotics every single year, AND NOT JUST CLAIMING "EXCELLENCE FOR ALL CHILDREN" BUT ACTUALLY DOING AN EXCELLENT JOB FOR ALL CHILDREN.


Our employers have been increasingly complaining to governors about the poorly trained high school graduates since 2003, but nothing was improved as a result in public education significantly enough to make any difference. Many employers who were planning to leave to areas with a better trained work force, are welcoming the robotic developments. Whereas many nations improved their education systems, we made our public education worse to date since 1970. USA state education departments and schools are blaming the bad results on poverty and lack of parental support for the poor results.


We have an unusually high level of poverty in the U.S. Increasing education is the only way out of poverty. However, poor education is the best way into poverty. Since 1970, our public education declined, increasing poverty.

Our investigation shows that the declining education reduced the possible income progressively during the last 50 years, with poverty increasing especially for African American children. Let us repeat: INCOME LEVELS ARE EDUCATION DEPENDENT. THAT EXCLUDES A SMALL NUMBER OF CHILDREN FROM WEALTHY FAMILIES WHO REFUSED TO DO A GOOD JOB IN SCHOOL. THE GENERAL REDUCTION IN LEARNING SINCE 1970 AS THE EDUCATION SPENDING ROSE, OBVIOUSLY DID NOT RAISE PUBLIC INCOME BUT REDUCED IT. THAT HAD TO BE A MAJOR CONTRIBUTOR TO OUR UNUSUALLY HIGH POVERTY LEVEL. WE CAUSED IT BY IGNORING EDUCATION WHILE OTHER COUNTRIES IMPROVED IT AND PASSED US. THAT IS HOW WE DROPPED TO 40TH WORLDWIDE IN HIGH SCHOOL MATH. Only 2-6% of them graduate ACT Ready today (94-98% are NOT READY!) upon high school graduation for job training. A school system called Success Academy Schools in New York City has been producing TOP ONE PERCENT TEST RESULTS WITH POOR, AFRICAN AMERICAN AND HISPANIC INNER CITY CHILDREN, PASSING EVEN MOST PRIVATE SCHOOLS! The children they are educating are from the worst inner city area of the nation, with poverty and single parent families who have to work low paying jobs to support their children, yet Success Academy Schools is delivering excellent results with those children. They have 41 schools with about 14,000 students, and they have 19,000 families wait-listed with their children. Clearly they must be doing many things right. Yet the Knox County, Tennessee elected school board members, who are paid $20,000-25,000 per year without term limits, and their school district spending now half billion dollars per year with the above bad results, are NOT willing to visit the Success Academy Schools in New York to learn how to achieve much better results or send others to learn how to produce those excellent results. DO YOU KNOW WHAT THAT MEANS? IT MEANS THAT THESE BOARD MEMBERS DO NOT CARE ABOUT OUR CHILDREN IN ADDITION TO NOT HAVING ANY IDEA ABOUT HOW TO IMPROVE THE EXTREMELY LOW SCHOOL RESULTS. We are showing on this website conclusively why the public education system was and is unwilling to learn to improve. It's poor management that dumbed down our children's education as well as our state tests during the past 50 years, while their spending skyrocketed per student. THE MONEY IS GUARANTEED TO BE THE SAME FOR PUBLIC SCHOOLS TO BE AT LEAST THE SAME AS WHAT THEY RECEIVED THE PREVIOUS YEAR UNDER TENNESSEE LAW, UNCONDITIONALLY. TO MAKE IT EVEN WORSE, THERE IS NO PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF TEACHERS BASED ON ACTUAL STUDENT RESULTS IN THEIR CLASSES. What other job exists that guarantees your income, and the performance review is based on four one-hour visits to your workplace per year to observe you? There is not a single objective about increasing the education results when our results are only a very low 27% ACT Readiness, when it should be 80% of those who graduate. But your academic achievement results with the children do not count. No governor stopped this destructive behavior and spending since 1970 to date, and did not establish changes that would raise the ACT Readiness percentage more than 5% best case, the test that was not dumbed down in the past. That increase has not happened yet, and would be insufficient with the last ten year's trend. Governors need to get the school system fixed from grade 1, instead of spending more millions patching the bad results with two free year's of education.


We are training children today for jobs of 50 years ago, and we are not doing it as well as we did then. Robotics can do a high quality job in environments where the jobs are boring for a human being and highly repetitive. They will replace humanity in such minimum wage jobs within 2-3 years. Robotic capabilities will improve fast to be better than human beings in more sophisticated better paying jobs, especially if we do not make our public education better. If we do not enhance our curricula (higher math to include Calculus 1, Reading performance fixed, all three science courses to be increased with more advanced data, add music and art back to enhance right lobe brain development, that is key to good decision making, with teachers focusing on future jobs, and do a much better job teaching) the great majority of children will become unemployable. That is the decision that our political leaders must make. That decision should have been made at least ten years ago, but so far they have not made it.


The "solid B work" comment by the former superintendent J.M. in 2015 (Knox County, Tennessee) was based on the TCAP, the Tennessee state test. It is easier than the ACT and therefore its scores are higher. But the typical scores on the TCAP were in the 35-45% range. Clearly that is a failing grade. The percentage score reflects student knowledge correctly. To make such poor scores "look more acceptable to the public" and to graduate children faster, the Tennessee Education Department came out with something called "cut scores", to make poor scores look good. The cut scores are a "conversion table" that converts a 35-45% low score to a "respectable" B grade. We wonder why we decided not to fix and make the education system more rigorous, because tests are always designed to test student knowledge on the basis of the curriculum for a given grade. This way, we are short-changing the student. They become unemployable in greater numbers as a result. We are changing the Tennessee state test to a new one, and stopped using the TCAP. We are told that we cannot use the new test for two years. Why? Because the state has to determine first how to set the new CUT SCORES on the new test. We have been dumbing down the population for many decades now, since long before 1970. The older generation sees the result of this dumbing down. They must be horrified when talking to most high school graduates.


"Learning is a lifelong process of keeping abreast of change. And the most pressing task is to teach people how to learn."


Peter Drucker, 1909-2005,
Father of 21st Century Management By Objectives

The changes in science and technology are coming faster, but not in our schools. We teach the same old things, the same way we did 50 years ago. 39 countries changed and passed us as of 2016.

Our universities (teaching degrees) and public primary and secondary schools need to teach what is needed for future jobs following their high school graduation. Instead they teach what was appropriate 50 years ago, with teaching methods we used 50 years ago (e.g., U.S. vs Finland's education system). Robotics replacing many low-end jobs was known more than ten years ago, but the U.S. universities' education departments did not change their curricula yet as of 2017, nor in the high school subjects even today. The great majority of our high school graduates cannot speak or read or write properly in English, cannot even do basic math, but robots can. The international trend for teacher training is to complete both a BS or BA and MS or MA in the same subject they would teach, graduate with the Master's degree in the top 10-30% in their Master's program, be identified as the right match for the teaching profession, then hired and learn the latest developments in teaching methodologies. Almost all customers preferred to deal with the robot at McDonald's pilot test for robotic automation, and McDonalds decided to fully automate 25,000 stores. Teacher training at our universities needs to improve significantly, as well as the management of our school districts in order to achieve an average ACT score of 25 or better if we want to succeed.


74% of our high school graduates are not prepared well enough to be educated for future jobs. A new generation of robotics will bring many benefits for us but it will replace poorly educated high school graduates and work force members within three-to-five years. It was our responsibility to ensure the quality of our education system. No one can do that for us. Internationally we dropped to the 40th place in high school mathematics from the top in 1970. Our public education declined starting before 1970, as our spending skyrocketed per student. The USA is now the fifth highest spender per student. Our national debt also skyrocketed to $20 trillion dollars during the last ten years, as our national income declined, because our poor education weakened our work force. Just look at where the products you are buying are coming from. We as a nation must be competitive worldwide with our products and services in all industries in order to survive. Our competitiveness depends on how well educated and experienced our work force is, and that in turn depends on how well prepared our work force is coming out of high school.



The ACT or SAT tests measure what children have learned from grade one to twelve. They are given annually in grade 11 of high school. They would be excellent for setting an annual objective to meet a specific score that is 10% higher than what was achieved in the previous year. They are ideal because the objectives must be a key indicator of success or failure, both, and they have to be measurable with numbers. However, to meet an annual objective, one needs monthly objectives in the individual areas that actually produce the results. Those are the individual schools. They each must have a monthly objective to achieve each month or year-to-date each month, a result that is 10% higher than last year's actual result for the same time period in the same school. A grade point average or GPA could be an effective measurement for this purpose. I can assure you that we are up against an education system that has never done anything like this and never measured individual performance as a measurement criteria in our schools, and as a result never compared themselves against the best in the world and learned how they achieved their high results to become better. Education cannot improve until we do so. More about operating plans later. They are also vitally important to make sure that the correct objectives are achieved. There is no way to improve the poor performance of the past without such measures. About 60% of the US high school graduates use the ACT for end of high school assessment. We would like to show you how to find out what these charts mean, and how they compare with what you read and heard about your schools' performance.

The problem could be solved, if the public was made aware of this dangerous situation to ensure that the needed action will be taken by the school districts. Our results were so low in 2017, that a greater than 10% improvement would be needed in every future year for ten years to get the ACT and SAT readiness of graduating students from the current 24% to 80% minimum. THAT COULD BE DONE, BUT NOT WITHOUT CHANGES IN THE WAY WE TEACH OUR CHILDREN AND MANAGE OUR SCHOOLS.

Our children's and our nation's success or failure depend on how good an education our children get from our public schools. Why? Because our high schools feed our work force or higher education (who also feed the work force). How well educated and experienced our work force is has a major impact on how well they can design, make and support the competitive products and services they created.




What kind of education are our children getting if there is a huge difference between those getting a high school diploma (88% of those who entered high school), but only 27% of the graduating class who are prepared for job training and further education?

Why brag about 88% graduation rate when 83% of those who entered 9th grade are graduating with a diploma, are unprepared to become self supporting or to obtain more education to be so. Something is very wrong when we call this "EXCELLENCE FOR ALL CHILDREN". The school district is not talking about educating our children well.

Low to medium compensated jobs will go to robots. New technology-related jobs will require more education. To be prepared to retrain for them within six-twelve months, the high school curriculum would have to be compatible with the international high performers (more advanced mathematics, sciences, and include art and music).

Why don't we show as high school graduates with a diploma, only those who are prepared to survive in this century like other nations do?

Why are we comparing ourselves only to domestic school performers when we, the US, dropped to 40th place in the world in high school mathematics? We in Tennessee are a lot lower than that.


75-84% of the HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES tested during the last ten years have not been ready according to ACT. "But my child graduated from high school with a diploma!!" Unfortunately, he graduated with a diploma without being ready according to ACT, good enough only for a minimum wage job. These jobs will go to robots from now on. They are less expensive and do an excellent quality job. Employers have been complaining for more than a decade to governors about the poor education our public schools provide. The governors have done nothing that raised the ACT scores.

During the last 100 years we saw many technology changes. With such changes the low end jobs always disappear, but new jobs appear with higher pay requiring more education. This trend will continue faster and faster during the 21st Century.

As a result we developed new and better things for improving our lives, and dropped the old, outdated products. We also started to compete with other nations in every product area, and those nations with better public education developed better product versions at a lower price, because they had better knowledge within their work force to create superior products.

We, the U.S., started a trend very unfortunately that psychologists diagnosed as self esteem problems to keep telling our children that they are the "best in the world" and they "can do anything", and our declining schools added slogans like our schools provided "Excellent world class education for all children". We thought that such comments will save the self esteem of our children. The children not being blind, saw that they are not very good at learning anything unless they studied hard. They are not motivated to work hard to achieve a reasonably good life. Many parents were unable to push them to do so because they both had to work to make ends meet, many households are single parent based, and many teachers became discouraged by poor central management. When your morale is low, you cannot be expected to motivate the children in public education. Many other nations improved during this period and passed us. Our children learned less and less and were "DUMBED DOWN" as a result, starting before 1970. Many of them are today's parents and part of the work force.

Please make sure that you read the "NOT ACT READY" paragraph in the above chart. Look at the ten-year results above for Knox County, Tennessee, focusing on the last lines in red on each table of information, showing what percentage of graduating high school students are NOT ACT READY.

These percentages represent a very large portion of the graduating classes, indicating the percentage of graduates (of those students who started in 9th grade, the first year of high school), with a diploma who are not prepared well enough (not "ACT Ready" plus "robotic effect") and are likely to be replaced by robotics within two-to-five years. The fast food industry is already going to automate with robots, and the supermarket industry will do the same shortly. We are using them as an example. The Knox County, TN superintendent (2008-2016) generally commented that "We are doing pretty well, a solid B performance, but there is room to improve". It was not true. The board gave the superintendent an excellent performance evaluation for these results above. Are these good results? Or is there a result that is more important in a public school district than our children's education achieved in an excellent manner so that they are prepared for college and further learning when a new technology changes their jobs? Obviously they are not ready in our example.

Public education uses poverty and parents as the reason for poor school performance. Interestingly, poverty is unusually high in the U.S. But how much did the last fifty year's dumbing down increase or decrease jobs and salaries? It is education only that enables one to get a better job. CUT SCORES ARE NOTHING LESS THAN PART OF DUMBING DOWN OUR CHILDREN, AND TO MAKE OUR STATE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT LOOK BETTER THAN THEY ARE. THE ORIGINAL SCORE THAT IS THE PERCENTAGE OF CORRECT ANSWERS IN A TEST IS THE CORRECT SCORE. APPLYING A MUCH HIGHER ALPHABETIC SCORE TO THE PERCENTAGE SCORE, MAKES POOR SCORES LOOK MUCH BETTER, AND THAT REDUCES WHAT OUR CHILDREN LEARN TO GET A GOOD GRADE, BUT IT MAKES THE SCHOOL LOOK BETTER WHILE DUMBING DOWN THE CHILDREN. WHY ARE WE DOING SUCH A STUPID THING? IS THIS WHAT "EXCELLENCE FOR ALL CHILDREN" IS? We need an education system that has no need to look good, but one that produces excellent results even compared to the best performing countries.

Is a school district, e.g., Knox County, Tennessee public education school district misrepresenting willfully the education results to the public, when they claim in writing on their letterhead and website that they provide "Excellence for all children!", when the job they do is far below such claims? The public education establishment in the USA is one of the highest spenders per student in the world. They are big spenders of tax dollars, while the school system falsely represented the grades achieved with "cut scores" that calls a 50% grade of correct answers in the state test to be a "B", falsifying test results and dumbing down our children, to make our education districts look good. Very sadly the poor education our children receive will not allow them to have a normal life, it weakens the work force, and ends up hurting our country's economic strength.

"Excellence for all children!"

Is 80% of a graduating class not being able to get a better than minimum wage job evidence of a school doing an excellent job? How about 60%? Or 30%? What percentage of such graduates qualify a school to provide "excellence for ALL children"?




Please look at the chart again that shows the ten-year results of Tennessee. During the ten years we show 83-87% of those who entered high school GRADUATED WITH A HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA, BUT THEY ARE NOT "ACT READY" AND THEREFORE COULD GET ONLY A MINIMUM WAGE JOB FOR A FEW YEARS BEFORE THEY ARE REPLACED BY ROBOTS.

  1. Why are we issuing diplomas to 76-87% of graduating children (97% for African American children) who are unprepared (not ACT Ready) for a job that will not be replaced by robots by 2020-2022?

  2. Graduating such a high percentage of children from high school who have not been prepared well enough for job training or for higher education is harmful for the children, the work force and our country. Why don't we have academic objectives every year in every school, since it is the schools that produce the results?

ACT scores show what children learned from grade one to twelve

  1. The graduation rate is not an indicator of how much a child has learned, since the ACT Readiness rate of graduates based on students who entered high school in 9th grade is a dismal 17-20% only. It is the state department of education that is forcing focus on the 90% graduation rate, instead of focusing on achieving a higher level of knowledge via an ACT score objective, that should be 15% higher than the actual average ACT score achieved, when our readiness upon graduation is as poor as it has been for decades. This kind of state policy and others below have not had positive effect on the great majority our children, but were destructive instead.
    Focusing on graduation rate not only does not raise the ACT scores (the children's knowledge necessary for survival) but it also has a dumbing down effect creating very poor results. It only increased "promotion" of children from one grade to the next without the child being prepared to do so, and it encouraged the changing of grades to help a child getting to the next grade without achieving the right level of knowledge. We wonder why? This choice has been and is destructive for and dumbed down our children. Although our spending increased per child, the test results remained poor. What would you do if in YOUR company the spending skyrocketed, but the results did not improve but dropped lower? That would be caused by the money not being spent in the right places. That was and is always the truth when money is being spent excessively, but the results just keep getting worse. The aggressive spending continued to date. SINCE 1970 and possibly longer, nothing was changed by our political leaders to increase the poor ACT scores.

  2. There are several multi-billion dollar companies who provide tests and related services to any state. When the state education department contracts a company for a new state test, such a company will implement the tests in accordance with what the curriculum specifies exactly, such that higher than 89% correct answers will qualify as an "A" score, following the normal progression where less than 60% correct answers will qualify as an "F" score, a failure. The state education department adjusted the state test scores such that a lower percentage of correct answers would result in higher grades to graduate more children, with less knowledge. The state then tries out the new test, and if the scores are not good enough, they can chose to lower the failing grade from 60% correct answers to 35% correct answers, allowing more children with less knowledge to get a passing grade. They call this process "Cut Scores". Again, this is a state decision, that increases the percentage of graduating students who are not prepared for more than being a street sweeper in Mongolia.

  3. The state education department does have a requirement for the school districts to set objectives. Unfortunately objectives are a most important management tool, but it has to be used properly. UNFORTUNATELY, NO ONE PUBLISHES TO THE SCHOOL DISTRICTS WHAT CONSTITUTES VALID OBJECTIVES AND OPERATING PLANS TO REACH THEM. By not providing such precise explanations as to what objectives and operating plans must be, the state education department causes school district boards of education, to have no direction to achieve better than the poor results they have been achieving. The following two links will explain it to you better: What is "ACT Readiness", what are "Goals", "Objectives", and "Annual Operating Plans" to achieve the Objective(s), without exceeding Expenses, and what are a few "management-related issues" in education? and also What Actions are Most Important To Improve ACT (or SAT) or NAEP Scores? The Right Objectives, Operating Plans to Reach The Objectives, Understanding of Management, Keeping Central Management Small and Keep Only Employees Who Perform Well. Shift the Gains to the Classrooms: That is where the results come from, and not from Central Management. Examples are provided hereunder about what correct objectives and operating plans must be, to be effective.

  4. The state education department does not have any standards and oversight of fundamental operating ratios as it relates to Central Management size, and guidelines about what kind and level of schooling and experience would be important for interviewing, confirmation and hiring of a superintendent and any administrator.
Hopefully we can clarify with the state if our assumptions are correct or not. If we are correct, then we hope that the state will remedy the above practices.

By continuing the high spending, we believe that the spending of the people's money, our tax dollars, for the education of the publics' children, and spending it on teachers and managers who produced poor results long term, year-after-year. Such superintendents should trigger an immediate forensic audit to identify the total damages. We would recommend for school districts to run a monthly budget and average GPA objective on schools, not an annual budget or GPA or ACT objective only, accounting for ALL the money that is spent for the education district and very serious punishment should be the result for misuse of tax funds that board members approved. They approved the budget and they should have the responsibility for such results.

Our public schools failed to prepare 83-87% of our children to be employable. I bet we would be very angry if 83-87% of the Fords or Toyotas we bought failed to function and we could not even get a refund. Ford or Toyota would have to fix all the problems at their expense, or they would be out of business. IS OUR CHILDREN'S FUTURE LESS IMPORTANT THAN THE FORD OR TOTOTA EXAMPLE MENTIONED? THERE IS NO OTHER BUSINESS OR ACTIVITY THAT WOULD BE ALLOWED TO CONTINUE WITH THE HIGH FAILURE RATE THAT OUR PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS PRODUCE. NEITHER THE SCHOOL DISTRICT, NOR THE STATE, NOR THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT DOES ANYTHING ABOUT OUR DECLINING EDUCATION SYSTEM AND THEIR STANDARDS ARE FAR BELOW WHAT IS NEEDED FOR OUR CHILDREN'S SURVIVAL IN A COMPETITIVE WORLD.

Click here to read the article.

Since 1970 or even before, according to the above Cato Institute report, spending per student and hiring of employees for the school districts skyrocketed. However, our children's education went nowhere, while many countries increased the education of their high school graduates. It is very irresponsible that for almost 50 years now, no state governor put a halt to spending increases to question and investigate every year why the results are not improving as they did in some other countries. Such a long-term decline in what our children learned since 1970, actually dumbed down the public, damaged the work force, the citizenry and the future of our children. It is most puzzling that in almost 50 years there was no action by our political leaders to improve the terrible ACT and SAT scores, as the public kept paying every year the rapidly increasing cost of education. We cherish our freedom in this Constitutional Republic called these United States of America. I would have never believed that FREEDOM would be changed purposefully to FREE-DUMB; that dumbed down the population through its "free" public education.

"If a civilized nation expects to be both ignorant and free, (then) it expects what never was and never will be."

Thomas Jefferson

We suggest focusing on the ACT and SAT scores, because they are the tests that accurately present what our children learned from grade one to twelve. We cannot expect negative news as the truth about how the education of our children is going from politicians and those working in a public school district. It is also very strange that shortly after 1970 we started putting emphasis on graduating students as soon as possible, instead of graduating them only when their knowledge rose to a level required by employers (e.g., ACT Readiness level). We dropped to 40th in high school mathematics in the world in 2016. Other nations did the opposite. They improved their teachers, schools, student results - and passed us.

Why is that important? Once someone drops below tenth in market performance or in market share, it takes a significantly bigger effort and cost to regain one's former position among the top ten. Work force education creates the skill levels necessary to design and make products, or acquire and distribute competitive products and provide services from our companies nationwide or worldwide to be profitable in order to create our national (tax) income. It is a solid, well-rounded education in high school that makes a good worker that employers want. A good education creates the basis for a competent work force and well-employed future for our children, both vitally important to a healthy economy. Unfortunately public education damaged us, and they or our political leaders show no results of improving the ACT or SAT scores to get out of this emergency situation. It is those two tests that tell the truth.

In 2017, close to 80% of children (95% of African American children) who entered high school in 9th grade, graduated from our public high schools so poorly educated in Tennessee that they will be mostly unemployed. Robotics and automation brought enormous benefits to humanity in the past, except for poorly performing and poorly educated people. Robotics will easily replace those of our high school graduates and work force by 2022 who graduated from high school not "ACT Ready" (that's 83-87% in Tennessee) and an increasing percentage of those who graduated "ACT Ready". That is a very poor result considering that we are the 5th highest spender per student in the world as we dropped from the top in 1970 to 40th place in 2016 in mathematics as a nation. This is a major concern to our companies, because today's high school graduates cannot communicate in English properly, cannot even fill out a job application, and cannot even handle basic mathematics. We are damaging both the employers and their work force with our poor performing public education.

This is not a surprise when the only measurable goal the state superintendent set in 2016 is a 21 ACT score to be achieved by 2020, that represents only a 25% of graduating students being "ACT ready". To make it worse, the schools themselves have no measurable academic objectives and operating plans to achieve them, and they all just keep doing what they have been doing for decades, delivering poor results.

We need today at least 80% of our high school graduates to be "ACT ready" (having 25-26 average ACT score for an entire class) of those graduating from high school. Only 20-30% being ACT Ready in a high school graduating class is far from enough (equal to 20-22 average ACT score). That is what we have in 2017 in the majority of school districts. There are no steps taken currently, as of 2017, by our political leadership in individual US states, that would increase the ACT or SAT scores enough. These are the only annual tests that show accurately what children have learned from grade one to twelve. No explanation to the public and no corrective action has taken place for many decades. Our public school districts, however, kept informing the public falsely, that "we are doing well, a solid B work, but there is room to improve." (superintendent 2008-2016).



These are the individual results above per high school in Knox County, Tennessee from 2013 to 2013. Is this good performance? 48% of the best high school's (Farragut) graduates are NOT ACT Ready for job training in 2016. Not acceptable. 97% of the worst performing high schools' graduates are NOT ACT Ready. The last two high schools have been getting two and a half times as much money per student for more than than ten years than the top two high schools. How much good did the additional money do with ACT results? NOTHING! Why do we spend so much additional money that does not do any good? The chart below shows that it did not make any difference. The ACT test results went down more for those bottom two high schools.





"Insanity: doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results."
Albert Einstein


This is a huge problem-creator in large organizations above 1,000 employees. The same in education districts, but it goes unrecognized. There are many smart and well paid employees in Central Management. They notice when their job is not needed, and embark on activities to justify their survival. The easiest for them is to go fault finding all over the organization. If top management is not management trai9n4d and experienced, which is common in education districts, such excess employees create a multitude of internal problems politically. There are specific organizational operating ratios that define the maximum size of central management. They exist in education management as well, and we present those standards here as well. One source is the American Association of School Administrators. The other is the the result of a research project under Dr. Allan Ornstein, former dean of the Graduate School Of Education at St. John's University, an excellent private university in New York City. Both are presented below. Dr. Ornstein wrote more than 50 books on education management exclusively, and published more than 2,000 research papers on the same subject.


Keep central management small (less than 1% of total school district employees), and delegate as much decision making to the individual school principals as possible to increase the ACT results. There are two formal references for this. One is the American Association of School Administrators, read it here: Consider the actual staffing pattern in public schools. U.S. Department of Education data show that total central-office administrative and professional staff represent less than 1 percent of the total staff of public school districts. Principals and assistant principals add only another 2.4 percent to this figure, according to data published by the National Center for Education Statistics". Decades of history shows that our bloated central management did not achieve any improvement in the poor results. It would make good sense to transfer the excess millions of dollars spent in central management to improve education in the schools, as soon as possible.


The other authority about the size of Central Administration is Dr. Allan C. Ornstein's Research on Education Management Program below. Dr. Ornstein recently retired as Dean of the Graduate School of Education at St John's University, a highly respected private university. Dr. Ornstein published more than 50 books on education management, and more than 2,000 research papers on education management. His conclusions are in agreement with general management practices.







The actual pages of the referenced book can be examined here for the second reference by clicking here.

All Central Management employees, meaning all school district employees who do not work for a school and whose performance evaluation is not performed by a school principal or the principal's staff, should not exceed 1% (one percent) of the school district's total employees. The Knox County, Tennessee school district exceeds this limit by more than eight times! Such an increase represents $35-75 million dollars that could be producing much better results in the classrooms.

These references are based on USA averages. It should be remembered that the USA dropped to 40th place in mathematics for 15-year olds in the world in 2015, and that makes us significantly less efficient than the top 10 nations in education. They are managing with much smaller central management, than what is recommended by the American Association of School Administrators (less than one percent of total school district employees including both administrators and administrator support employees).

Between 1995 and 2014 Knox County, Tennessee students increased only 14% but administrators increased 130%. The spending would have been more appropriate in the classrooms. BUT THAT IS NOT ALL. Administrators hire people to work for them. The real increase ends up 650-900% if they hire 4-6 people per administrator for only a 14% increase in students. However, with this huge increase in management, the ACT results dropped like a stone setting an all time low record in 2013 with a score of 20.2! ACT Readiness reports indicate that as a result more than 80% (statewide 89%, nationally 76%!) of those students who enter 9th grade are ready only for minimum wage employment, the types of jobs that will disappear. It is common knowledge in management that if you increase management numbers beyond standard operating ratios, managers (administrators) will start justifying their management positions by actually creating problems through fault finding, interference with other areas, playing politics because real objectives do not exist. Such efforts hurt results.

This huge percentage of management increase was not reversed to this day, and it did absolutely nothing but cost a lot of money! is being shifted away from the classroom producing poorly prepared children in large numbers. Management overhead was increased purposefully, but the results dropped like a stone. I am sorry, but the wisdom with which the public's money and these decisions appear to be handled by boards and superintendents is mind boggling. No one in leadership appears to have the wisdom to stand up and reverse such foolish spending.





The fundamental problem is: The USA public schools have been purposefully dumbing down the population for at least five decades.

Education is the ONLY cure for poverty. We have been purposefully focusing for decades on 90% graduation rates that are worthless without greater focus on academic achievement we call ACT Readiness is minimal (15-25% of graduating students). Robotics guarantee unemployment to those not educated well enough. Artificial Intelligence for robotics is above average human intelligence as of 2016 and growing faster.


Let us describe a big challenge we have. The public is highest priority because it is their money via taxes that pays for the public schools. Their children are NOT educated well enough in today's competitive world, the school districts misinform the public about "21st Century Education", "Excellence For All Children", and about their results, with such comments being vague for promotion or untrue. 74% of the children who graduate from high school nationally and 83% who graduate in Tennessee, are not ready according to ACT the testing organization. That means minimum wage jobs that will be replaced by robotics in a few years followed by increasing unemployment. The damage from this is enormous to the public but not fully realized. Our school district in Knoxville, Tennessee, spends $150,000 to $300,000 for one child's K-12 education. The poorly performing schools are allocated 2.5 times as much money per student than the better schools for 12-13 years of education, WITH NO IMPROVEMENT IN RESULTS EVEN AFTER 15 YEARS! After that more than 80% of children WITH A HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA will qualify only for minimum wage jobs for a few years before they become mostly jobless for the rest of their life. Robotics will replace them.

We used to be one of the best in the world in high school education. We dropped to 40th in the world in 2016.


The welfare and social support expense for decades will far exceed the education expense, most of it a loss. Just consider that they will be making babies who will not grow up Nobel Prize winners. They will get hungry and get into unlawful activities. All of which will cause skyrocketing expenses. Our huge $20,000,000,000,000 national debt that is going even higher. THAT IS WHAT OUR POOR PUBLIC EDUCATION IS CREATING.

The curriculum of public schools is set for all schools districts and school nationally in all high performing countries. The curriculum covers the subjects to be taught to every child, and exactly what is to be covered by each subject. In the USA we do not standardize the curriculum country-wide. Each of the 14,000 school districts set the their own curriculum, duplicating staff to do this work, with input from the state and federal government. We can also have differences in how much of a course is covered from one school to the next in the same school district.

Public education is guaranteed to receive per school district the same amount of money as what they spent the previous year by law, regardless of performance. The spending therefore generally goes up. The spending has been increasing aggressively since 1970, while the test results went nowhere but down, and many nations with whom we compete in the market place to generate national tax revenue did the opposite and improved by leaps and bounds. Public school districts are spending the people's money (tax dollars), graduate 76-87% of our children without preparing them well enough to survive, and then lie to the public saying that "We are doing pretty well in education, a solid B average!" (said the superintendent who left after 8 years in 2016) that is actually a big "F", since they really did failing work.

We dropped from the top in 1970 to a very low 40th place in mathematics in the world among 73 nations in the 2015 OECD-PISA tests according to the Washington Post. "The United States cannot long operate a world-class economy if our workers are, as the OECD statistics show, among the worst-educated in the world."

Just think about this. Someone uses the public's money, does a terrible job that will make 77-87% of graduates plus dropouts in addition most likely homeless within a few years (read the section on robotics please), and then they lie to the public, WHO PAY FOR IT ALL, about "doing pretty well". What is this kind of behavior called? No one in political leadership did or does anything about this, meaning any action that would raise the ACT scores. It is the ACT score that measures annually what the students learned from grade one to twelve.

With that poor result, we are one of the highest spenders per student in the world. That in turn means that education has enough money, but enough of it goes to the wrong places to create "Failure Factories" instead of creating at least 80% of high school graduates who are prepared for further higher level schooling or vocational training, instead of graduating only 13-17% of the graduates prepared. It appears that our state education departments and school districts do not understand what they are to accomplish with all the money they spend. Our money. We will show below conclusively why the above statements are correct.


Based on what we are showing you on this website, American K-12 education declined since 1970, starting possibly earlier.

African American families have a very large percentage of "single parent" families, where the mother had the baby very early, and the "father" just left. The mother had to work hard to survive, with limited education, in poverty.

All children have a need to belong. They go home from school in the middle of the afternoon, and the mother is at work. It is impossible to ensure that the young student does not get involved with a gang on the street. The drug culture makes an effort to recruit any young student in our schools, even before the street, and they re-educate the child about what is important in life, why the child should not trust his/her parents, and the drugs initially make that young child feel happy and powerful.

Obviously there is a great need within our society to educate all children better, and to resolve also some old historical racial conflicts, but our teachers are not prepared well enough to do well with any demographic group, with the exception of those children, who have both parents with sufficient income, who have no survival problems on the scale of a single parent we described.

American teachers are not as well educated on the university level as teachers are in the high performing countries, and the teaching environment is not a happy environment for the great majority of teachers. They do their best, but that is not enough.

There is an outstanding charter school system in New York City with 41 schools in 2017, who take only poor, inner city minority children, and they are scoring in the New York State Common Core tests TOP 1-3% PASSING EVEN MOST PRIVATE SCHOOLS! Obviously they are doing many things right that could be duplicated by our poorly performing public schools. Obviously our elected school boards could gain a lot if they visited them, but they told us that they are not interested. THAT PUTS THIS PROBLEM SQUARELY IN THE HANDS OF OUR POORLY PERFORMING STATE EDUCATION MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATIONS. Such attitudes cannot be tolerated on the part of elected school boards.

There are major errors in Tennessee's and other states' school districts' strategic plans: the impact of the latest robotics on employability of high school graduates is totally absent. Although the schools produce the results for each of many school districts in the state, there are no performance objectives or operating plans to reach the performance objectives in any school of any public school district in Tennessee. One cannot improve poor results without the appropriate performance objective and a professional operating plan to reach that objective.




The companies that provide most of our national income, generate about half that national income directly or indirectly by selling products and/or services internationally. That means that we have to be competitive internationally, because we are competing with very successful foreign products both domestically and internationally. For our companies to be competitive with their products, their work force have to be better, more competitive than the majority of the competition. For the work force to be competitive, the high school graduates must be competitive with the high school graduates of our international competitors. Having dropped to 40th in mathematics in the world, and achieving only 17-27% average ACT Readiness in Tennessee and the USA respectively, we gradually lost the competitiveness of our high school graduates. The result is the $20 trillion national debt that is costing us a fortune and likely go higher, and loss of more business and tax income, which reduced our national income. To solve this problem we must improve the quality/knowledge of our high school graduates. To achieve THAT, in turn our teachers must be better trained by our universities compared to the top performing nations' teachers in education, like Finland, Singapore, Japan as examples. Our children's education is limited by the teachers education. Unfortunately our research shows that the university education of our teachers is not good enough. Click here for references about US teacher quality.

The school system develops a student "product". The education burden was already paid by the parents (the public) by paying taxes. Who needs the student "product"? The employers' work force does. Today more than 80% of graduating classes cannot do the job to employers' satisfaction because of bad attitude, bad behavior or poor knowledge. They left high school with not enough knowledge, a bad attitude and the feeling that the world owes them a living. Some propose a free two-year junior college program for two years after high school. That would be a remedial program to make up for what the high schools would do normally. Such a proposed program will not correct the problem, but ideally it may correct the general education gap only in a few under educated children. What we actually need is to correct the K-12 education system itself with a stronger curriculum, and better educated teachers to the level of the best international performers. One cannot gain enough with such a program without fixing the problem from pre-school to high school graduation. What we need is 80% of students graduating with ACT Readiness plus the free two years of additional education.

There is no quality control in classrooms to teach an entire curriculum subject in each subject, and never less. We even had an example of a family with two children in different high schools taking the same subject and one school covered much less than the other. We are asking for each school having academic objectives and operating plans to reach the objectives using GPA data to raise education and ACT scores ultimately. The schools produce the results and they are not measured in performance. The answer they gave was that there is too much cheating going on to have the GPA as reliable data, and now we have to wait for a new state test. Not a valid reason to ignore GPA, but it is a surprising admission.

The employers do not have too many options to stay alive and survive. They spoke to the Governor about this without a good enough result. They are holding cash back, because to survive they need a good, well educated work force. The high school student "product" is not good enough in both knowledge and attitude and costs a lot in business. Fast food pilot studies showed in the fast food industry that the new robots as of 2016 can do an outstanding job, customers like them better because of that, and cost less. So other major employers of low end jobs like supermarkets and others will do the same thing, and so will many more. Robots with artificial intelligence passed average human intelligence in 2015. That is what we have with faster than human improvement and decreasing cost. You cannot stop technological improvement and more is coming faster and faster. So...our political leaders decided it seems to do nothing about our public schools to get them to perform better and raise the ACT and SAT scores.

Those are the tests that show realistically how much our children have learned from grade one to twelve. The states' department of education and political leadership know that these two tests are showing bad results, but they do not want to do anything to fix them. So they changed the state test in Tennessee, but they have to wait. If it looks bad, they will just change the result through a translation table called "cut score" that assign alphabetic grades (e.g. A-F) for the percentage scores, like they have done with the old state test, the TCAP. Translating a 45% grade, which would be a big "F" under 60%, to a "B" and celebrate how well we are doing. I can tell you that employers are very upset about this situation.

Since universities are feeling the effect of the poor quality graduates from high school, we presented our facts to one of them, but found no support of presenting a program to top management. Their responses were political. They hired the previous superintendent from the school district whose ACT performance we charted above, and most likely they want the credit, especially one department, and put that gentleman in charge of improving the performance of surrounding school districts' performance. If he did not do it for the school district locally during his eight years as superintendent, it is very unlikely that he can do it anywhere. The management knowhow was missing. It appears that education even in a state university is political, and anything but results oriented based on what its graduates achieve by a fixed number of years after graduation.


Our universities produce teachers who are not as good as the high performing countries' teachers are. Students who cannot or will not make the effort to do well in their originally selected major, transfer to an education major because it is easier. In the top performing countries internationally, a master's degree in the single subject is required that they will teach, and the candidates have to be in the top 10-30% of the master's program. After testing the candidate matching to the profession, they are hired and then they teach them the latest teaching methodologies used worldwide. The candidate is an assistant teacher for 6-15 years before they are considered fully qualified as a teacher. Some will argue this from the education department of some universities. We would ask them to explain first why U.S. education dropped to 40th in the last OECD PISA tests in mathematics, AND why a 41 school charter school in New York City called Success Academy Schools is achieving TOP 1-3% results passing even most private schools, with poor, inner city African American children, when nationally African American children are in the bottom 6%, and some states like Tennessee are producing bottom 3% or less performance for them. Under such conditions, with additional listed references if anyone wishes to improve, it will not happen without recognition of where one stands in a competitive activity.


In the US teacher candidates sign up for a teaching-major four-year degree that covers six subjects and teaching methodologies. The teacher candidates are in the bottom third of the four year degree programs in a junior college or a university. They are qualified as teachers in less than a year after graduation. Assistant teachers in the USA are typically educated for two years beyond high school.

Poorly trained teachers in subject knowledge and teaching methodology produce poorly prepared high school graduates, who tend to be poor even in English communications and basic mathematics. Weak teacher curriculum at American universities get students from majors that they cannot handle. In addition, poor student inflow to teacher programs is too common, because teacher reputation in the USA is not good. As in other countries, excellent teacher reputation always follows excellent student performance, as with any product.

Student results are limited by the training quality of the teachers. Poorly trained teachers in the US create poorly trained high school graduates. It cannot be poverty or minority, because Success Academy Schools of New York perform above most private schools and were made the best charter school in the nation in 2017, with 14,000 poor, inner city black children, and a waiting list of 19,000 families. Consider also as no study on the subject did, that American K-12 education substantially declined during the last 50 years although its expenses skyrocketed. Decreasing education cannot sustain an inflation-compensated income level. It is therefore impossible that the declining U.S. education is not a significant contributor to poverty, especially among minority families. To correct the high school education problem, we must raise significantly the US teacher training programs at our universities toward an approach used by the high performing nations in education first, then let them raise the high school results. To get better students into teaching waiting for an end result will take too much time. Suggest universities to improve their teaching department curriculum and promote it along with the importance of teaching.

Since universities are feeling the effect of the poor quality graduates from high school, we presented our findings to one of them but found no support about presenting our findings to top management of the university. Their responses were political. They hired the previous superintendent from the school district whose ACT results were poor (chart above on this website), and put that gentleman in charge of improving the performance of surrounding school districts' performance. If he did not do it for the school district locally during his eight years as superintendent, it is very unlikely that he can do it anywhere. It appears that teacher education even at a state university is not results oriented, based on what its graduates achieve by a fixed number of years after graduation.

As long as we produce poorly prepared teachers, we will get poorly prepared American students into our universities. We further degrade the university graduates, creating a perpetually declining quality in the university output and not just in teaching. The solution presented for this problem is free two-year college education, increasing the cost of education, instead of fixing the problems with K-12 education, because the free two-years become remedial education doing what the K-12 education did not do. It does not solve the bad attitudes that developed during the formative years, and it is doubtful that the two-year education offer will result in enough cost-effective change to improve significantly the poor ACT Readiness that is a very large 83% of a high school graduates in Tennessee. It is K-12 itself that has to be improved. For that to happen, teacher training must be improved significantly. Foreign graduate school students used to stay in the USA, and that made up for the American shortage for highly educated needs in research and development jobs. For the past five years they have increasingly decided to go back home for better opportunities.

The lower quality student flow into universities increasingly create less educated high school graduates impacting not just teaching, but all majors at the university level, unless the university increases the ACT score requirement for its various majors or puts them into remedial courses as long as two years. They did but teaching is not among those majors anywhere. That trend will not increase the reputation and survival of universities, and will degrade them or even close them given enough time. The revenue pressures will be forcing an increase in student acceptance, also dropping the quality of university output.

This presents a significant danger to universities, while the damage is still manageable today. If not acted upon, the damage will become as big as it is in our public schools.


So far the way we perform our public education has not changed significantly for close to a hundred years, but the quality of high school graduates has declined. Many nations changed their own systems in every area to become better than others after WWII. We ignored those changes. In fact, we fragmented the system. We made it dependent on the opinion of 14,000 ELECTED school district boards making independent decisions about everything, with the idea that the public's wisdom through the elected school boards will produce the best results. That was a good idea a hundred years ago - perhaps. But today's world is much too complex to leave the quality of education in the hands of an elected sample of the local population.

We reduced the knowledge with which high school students graduated. When you do that for decades, you are dumbing down the population. Our public schools did that very well. The education system dumbed down the public since 1970 aggressively. We dropped in high school mathematics from the top to 40th place internationally and took no initiative to learn from others to become better. For more than 15 years employers have been complaining about the declining work force competence, and the fact that our high school graduates cannot communicate properly in English and cannot even do basic math. That is what happens when your funding is guaranteed, there is no management training for managers within school districts and teachers have no interest in becoming excellent by learning from high performing education systems. They would argue with what we just said. How else could the student results be so bad that more than 80% of graduates will become unemployed in a few years?


Good or not, the teachers get the same pay depending on how long they have been working. They do a poor job instead, and those who lose are our children. That is exactly what the charts above show. Teachers do have legitimate complaints about their ability to perform well, and the school districts need to correct these at minimum. Teachers do not have enough authority to handle and assign punishment for discipline problems that disturb the teacher and the class. American teachers have the highest number of class hours IN THE WORLD that the teacher must perform. There are too many tests and paperwork taking time away from teaching. There is no uniform possibility to assign slower students to afternoon hours to catch up as higher performing countries do. Teachers spend their own money for teaching aids and materials to be used in the classroom. There is some unprofessional treatment by central management. There is no expense reimbursement for continuing education to name a few. Management must resolve such issues to teacher satisfaction. Click here for references about US teacher training quality.

Teacher dissatisfaction with their job is almost three times the national average. This indicator points to insufficient management training in schools or central management of school districts. See the graph below about the Knox County, Tennessee school district.

Student results cannot exceed teachers' knowledge and ability to teach. School results are limited by the subject knowledge of teachers and their ability to motivate the students. Student scores are the results of our teachers' work. Click here for references about US teacher training quality. US teachers are handicapped somewhat by the largest number of classroom hours in the world, too much testing in especially Knox County, Tennessee beyond what the state requires and too much paperwork that could be automated. Their union is not helpful to resolve such problems. There are excellent teachers and some who would be happier in a different position. Quite a few college students changed to teaching in college because it was an easier major to study. However, teachers need to understand that they, as a group are not as well prepared as the best in the world. That is why we have dropped to 40th in the world by 2016. The superintendent stopped supporting teacher efforts to get a Master's degree: a big mistake. Teacher subject knowledge and teaching methodology needs updating to the top ten internationals' level. They require both the B.S. or B.A. and a Master's degree in the same single subject that they will teach, they must be a good match psychologically to the teaching profession, and have to come from the top ten percent of their Master's class in some countries like Finland. American teachers qualify with a Bachelor's degree in education at most that covers several subjects very lightly. Some obtain a Master's degree and a few even a PhD in Education, but it is rare.

Why are we wasting our money on public education with an 83-87% failure rate? McDonald's is in the process of replacing 25,000 stores in 2017 with robots that do a better job than our high school graduates. Other fast food companies are doing the same. Our employers feel that they cannot survive using our current high school graduates. As early as 1998 employers complained that high school graduates cannot communicate properly and cannot even do basic math. That is why they are automating with robotics today in 2016 onward. We could safely say that the failure rate of our public school system is higher than 80%. NO OTHER BUSINESS OR ACTIVITY COULD EXIST WITH EVEN ONE TENTH OF SUCH A FAILURE RATE, OR THEY WOULD BE OUT OF BUSINESS. IT IS INCREDIBLY DESTRUCTIVE THAT PUBLIC EDUCATION IS FINANCED WITH THE PEOPLE'S MONEY EVEN FOR A DAY AFTER SUCH A HIGH FAILURE RATE, LET ALONE FOR DECADES.

SOMETHING IS VERY WRONG WITH EDUCATION ON THE STATE LEVEL TO ALLOW SUCH WASTE OF THE PEOPLE'S MONEY. We, on the other hand, keep financing our dismal public education system, decade after decade, regardless of the result. We do not care about the quality they deliver...that has not improved, with a failure rate above 80%. We have been paying for it with our hard-earned tax dollars, that is the fifth highest amount paid per student in the world. Should we accept such a high failure rate from our high schools, but not from any business or activity? Businesses survive only if their customers are satisfied with the quality of their products and/or services. Schools survive because they get paid regardless of the quality they produce. The same is true with the education department of universities that produce teachers. 80% rotten fruit from the supermarket we would not accept, but we accept this from our public schools FOR OUR CHILDREN?

There are a very small percentage of American public schools that compare to the average of the top ten countries in education results. The general public simply does not know the truth because public schools present a picture that is better than reality. THEY ARE LYING TO THE PUBLIC. However, you will learn on this website how to find out the facts. Do your homework about the schools for your children, and believe only national test scores for public schools.

It is time to act and demand much better public education from state leadership. If we do not, our children will pay a terrible price with unemployment.

A school district OBJECTIVE needs to exist with an annual operating plan to reach that objective, in order to improve our results. We could use an average ACT score for a school district objective, that is 5-10% higher than the previous ACT score achieved, BUT WE DO NOT. Teachers do not want to be measured about the job they have done. School districts do not want to be measured. Elected school boards definitely do not want to be measured. Such objectives do not exist today.

It is the schools that produce the academic results. Wouldn't it make sense to measure class/school achievement against an academic objective like an average GPA, measured year-to-date every month? Of course it would, but we never measured individual school performance! NEVER! No wonder we have poor performance at any grade level in most schools.

Let us repeat again. To increase the ACT score, that shows what our children learned, we need to know what is being achieved every single month in each school as a management tool. We have never done such performance measurement monthly or even annually in the individual schools and never created an annual operating plan to reach an objective that is a specific test score achievement. That changes the principals' job. The school principals are the key people to improve education. For that reason, we need to have the biggest incentive compensation for them. Very strange that we do not have that because it is the schools that generate the results. We also never focused management on the individual school's performance. We need to see how each school is progressing every single month and that means that we need to have an objective every month, a GPA objective could be good enough for such objective, that we use to measure on a Year-To-Date (YTD) basis by calculating the ACTUAL average monthly GPA YTD. If we are not reaching the GPA objective in any school in any month, the principal may be able to take action to find out why and raise it to save the year. That is why we need a monthly objective. To set a GPA objective, we need the average GPA for each of the preceding five years per school and per class as tools for the principal's planning.

As an example, we would suggest a significant incentive award for the high school principals to get them to focus on achieving the ACT and GPA objectives. $10,000, for one or more high school principals who not only meet their objective but deliver the greatest ACT percentage growth during the last fiscal year, and one or more $5,000 award(s) for the non-high school principal(s) who deliver the highest GPA increase beyond the objective that was set. If there is any effort made in any school to cause the school GPA to be higher than by legitimate testing, that school's principal may not be considered for this incentive. In view of robotic entry we would use a ten percent growth from the prior year as minimum growth in the academic achievement objective.

To get the best results, principals need to be able to change their resources and make quick decisions. To that end it would make sense to delegate from Central Management, accounting and financial decisions as long as his budget has not been exceeded, HR decisions about employees, budget preparation and presentation, and Central Management needs to ensure that the spending difference among schools on a per student basis shall not exceed 50%. For example, there is no point in allocating 150% more money per student to a school that had very poor performance for more than a decade if that school did not improve its results within three years. There must be a single objective for every supervisory or management position in every school and in Central Management to help achieve the performance objective of their own school or each and every school (GPA) if their responsibility covers several schools and the school district (ACT), if they work in Central Management. We need to raise the ACT Readiness of the school district from 27% only in 2016 of those graduating (only 3% for African American students!) to 80% average ACT Readiness within four years at most. 80% ACT Readiness for ALL minorities as well. Visit Success Academy Schools in NYC who are producing top one percent results passing even most private schools with poor, inner city African American and Hispanic children only! Also visit Finland for the same purpose and see how one of the best systems in the world works. Three principals to visit each and prepare a report on their return about what these destination schools are doing differently to achieve significantly higher results and what we should implement in our own schools. Nothing is cast into concrete. The objective is to increase education performance. It is very important to try new ways that others tried and you saw working elsewhere with excellent results, if one wants to improve significantly. When one is 40th in performance, it is not possible for such people to come up with methods that will result in significant gains, because they dropped to 40th because their mental preparedness and experience is not at a level where one would need to be to take large enough steps.

Just to review because it is new, since the ACT is used only in 11th grade: we need a different test to be used by the schools themselves, both monthly and annually, for example a grade point average or GPA. Schools never had an objectives driven operating plan, although it is the schools that produce the education results. So this is what we need to do, because the dropping of our education quality is now facing aggressive opposition by robotics. Employers want the robotics, because current high school output cannot provide a large enough competitive work force that is well trained on basics. No wonder! Schools never had to meet performance objectives. That has to change.

Look at the average year-end GPA for each of five years, and compute their average. Take the average ACT score for the same five years, and compute their average. Divide the average five-year ACT score by the average five-year school district GPA. The answer is the mathematical relationship between the ACT score and the school district GPA. This will give us about plus or minus 10% accuracy when we use GPA tracking to where we are relative ACT performance, and that is good enough for GPA tracking to the ACT score.

Now take the average ACT score that is your objective for the school district, e.g. 10% higher than the previous average ACT score. Divide it by the mathematical relationship between ACT and the school district GPA. The result is the school district GPA that you want to beat in every school by year end.

These are the ACT results above from each Knox County high school for the past thirteen years. Too many children are graduating unprepared (NOT ACT Ready).



MAJOR THREAT NO. 1 is to our national security (most importantly as a result of cyber warfare), that requires very well educated soldiers, civilians, operators and developers for tools, "weapons", and decision making. Everything is computer controlled for operational and economic reasons. Our electric power grid could be hacked and disabled or destroyed by a better educated enemy. Our technology developments and designs for vitally important things that cost us billions to discover/develop could be hacked and stolen free by a better educated enemy. Intelligent weapons require very well educated soldiers to use them correctly, educated beyond high school. We need a healthy economy (money) to be able to develop the best well-educated people to defend ourselves and to improve our economy. That makes our failing education strategically the most important problem that we must correct. We must change many things like our immigration laws and practices, but most of all, we must improve greatly the poor education of our children urgently. This is how a third world war would begin today, and this kind of activity already started. See: Our educational decline has been jeopardizing our national security.



MAJOR THREAT NO. 2 is the impact of poor public education on the entire population since 1970. In 2015 74% of all US high school graduates were prepared only for minimum wage jobs that will be replaced by robotics within just a few years, because these students cannot do even the simple jobs as required. WE HAVE BUILT A HUGE POWDER KEG BY IGNORING PUBLIC EDUCATION PERFORMANCE. The most dangerous in domestic affairs and education is black student performance, with 95% not being ready for any but minimum wage jobs when graduating from high school nationally (98% in Tennessee). WE HAVE CREATED THE FUSE FOR THE POWDER KEG AND WE ARE IGNORING IT. We blame parents when our school performance is poor with all students. Many black students deal with more poverty and single parents than others. Granted that we saw US education dropping since 1970 and that reduced the job required knowledge of today's parents, in turn reducing their family incomes. As far as bad inner city environments are concerned, Harlem and others in New York are probably the worst in the country. However, a 42-school charter school in New York City's inner city areas produces top 1% results (Success Academy Schools) with the New York State Common Core tests statewide, beating even most private schools, without parental help. They are achieving this with poor inner city black and some Hispanic children since 2009! They have mostly primary schools, now beginning to open middle schools, with plans for high schools as the middle schools start delivering. Why are we not producing the same great result? Why are we not visiting Success Academy Schools to learn how they are doing it? Or better yet, Finland. We should be ashamed of ourselves for the black and Hispanic students' results, for not doing anything to improve it. Instead, the above poor results like 98% of black students not being ready when graduating from high school, very foolishly builds a big fuse for the "powder keg" by not learning from the high performers how to teach successfully any demographic group. Not only we produce terrible results for an entire class, school or school district creating at least 3 out of 4 students not being prepared, but we are destroying the future of almost all black children, when an example in New York and especially Finland clearly shows that THEY CAN DO FAR BETTER THAN WE ARE DOING NOW.



MAJOR THREAT NO. 3 is to our economy. We compete worldwide with our products and services in all industries. People and companies buy products and services based on their quality and cost. That in turn depends on how well educated each company's work force is, from research and development PhD's through sales and service, down to manufacturing/production. How well the high school graduates are educated in any company of any country is the most important gateway to a high quality work force that can create and make/provide the most competitive products and services worldwide. Internationally we dropped to 40th in high school mathematics, and dropped in other subjects as well. That in turn weakened our work force, weakened our product and service competitiveness, and that lowered our national income and tax income. We have lost entire industries to international competition. Initially we lost to lower labor cost, but after a few years they lowered their cost by robotic automation on a larger scale than we did. For example, China is replacing one million workers in one huge electronics company with robotics to improve quality in 2016-2017. We have been under 3% national income for ten years now, our national debt rose to TWENTY TRILLION dollars in 2016, on which we have to pay many TRILLIONS in interest. 3% is not a gain. It is only a break even level with current expenses. High school education must be improved very significantly to reverse this dangerous trend, and find a solution for those under educated in the past who will be replaced by robotics with job suitability testing, education for the best job so indicated, and help to get those jobs.



MAJOR THREAT NO. 4 is to a large percentage (60-80%) of high school graduates and today's work force. New technologies will arrive faster and faster, offering new employment opportunities. The new jobs will require more education in addition to job retraining. The problem is that today's high school graduates did not receive enough education that would lay a proper foundation for the new jobs. With such fast changes, education becomes a lifetime learning effort, which would require a large amount of remedial education to start the new technology-related education for jobs. Unfortunately, our high schools have done a very poor job during the last four decades, making the learning of new jobs based on new technologies impossible for most.



If we wish to save this sinking ship, we must focus not only the school districts on the right ACT objective that is 15% higher than last years, but every single school with a monthly, year-to-date academic objective (e.g., GPA) that is also 15% higher than the previous year's actual GPA achievement. We need ACT score school district objectives that are 15% higher than the last ACT score achieved, and we must also have monthly year-to-date academic objectives (e.g., GPA) in every management and supervisory position in every single school, called the Annual Operating Plan.



SPECIAL NOTE: For the past twenty years many people were of the opinion that the central management of the Knox County, Tennessee school district was bloated. They were correct. We found two standards published about what the maximum size of central management should be. One is the research projects of Dr. Allan Ornstein, Dean, St. John's University's Graduate School of Education in New York City. The other was presented in a letter by the American Association of School Administrators. They both agree that central management administrators and their support staff should not exceed one percent (approximately 95 for Knox County, TN) of the total employees of the Knox County, Tennessee school system (approximately 9,000). The said school district's own published head count for Central Management has been between 300 and 400 people or three to four times the normal size. In view of this huge difference, we requested under the Tennessee Open Records Act a list of school district employees, who are neither directed or performance reviewed by a school's principal or said principal's chain of command within his/her school. That number is above 1350, or 12% of total employees, but we need to examine its organizational structure to decide what the real size of Central Management is. When we know the answer, we will publish it here. There is no question that Central Management is VERY bloated. The question is how bloated it is. We are estimating it to be higher than 8 times normal.



Personal income levels depend on a person's education, if his/her education specialty is in demand by employers. Poverty is increasing but no one ties it to education's decline. But we certainly tie poor school performance to poverty. It is not a good idea to scream for jobs when one does not have education in a field that is in demand. But there is no screaming for a turnaround in quality of education, to provide a sound foundation in high school to ensure future employment for our children and grandchildren.



A new generation of robotics will replace not just those who are not ACT Ready, but more. It has already started.

The poor education-created drop in knowledge of our children coming out of high school and a new family of robotics is already creating a major reaction. Many of our companies complained to governors starting 10-15 years ago about the poor education of our children, and having to move if they are to survive where the work force is better educated. The ACT scores did not improve indicating no change. It is more important than ever for our children to attend schools with a high percentage of ACT Readiness among its graduates. All new technology-based products experience some delays/changes with initial use, generally not more than two years. That includes robots as well. Any such delay will not make any significant change in the 40-45 year working life of today's high school graduates.

We made the mistake of NOT improving the ACT results in U.S. public education and NOT making most of our children more employable with more knowledge and better attitude for at least the last 50 years. We also turned more permissive with our children, not believing teachers and adults about our children's behavior. We made our children softer and dumbed them down in a world that is getting tougher, with the need for more education by the new, fantastic jobs that appear with each technological change, as old jobs disappear. We blame poverty for the poor schooling, forgetting that almost 50 years of dumbing down education, we actually created more poverty. The only remedy for more income is much more education and a positive, helpful attitude by workers on the job, without any feeling of entitlement.

The current wave of robots that started in 2016, are non-cognitive, but are replacing many workers in the fast food and other industries. The next wave of robotics are cognitive. They can learn, speak, understand and will replace a large number of professional and semi-professional jobs, starting by 2019. The third wave around 2025 with nanotechnology that will create major cost-reductions and significantly increased performance with artificial intelligence far above average human intelligence. All these will increase robotic performance even higher while dropping their cost significantly within eight years or less.

When the evidence is there that the objectives and/or operating plans have been incorrect or did not exist, and teachers keep doing their jobs the same way for decades, as is the case, one gets poor performance every time, and poverty cannot be blamed as the most important cause of poor performance.




"All truths are easy to understand once they are discovered; the point is to discover them."

Galileo Galilei Italian astronomer & physicist (1564 - 1642)


Let us try to explain a very dangerous problem we are facing with public education in Tennessee and other states as well. The example I will use is Knox County, TN, an average performer in Tennessee. The performance is ACT-based. Let's cover a few important definitions first.



  • "ACT Readiness" is a term that ACT, the testing company, uses. It means that a high school graduate will have a 50-75% chance to complete only the first year of a tech/vocational training program, or first year of college. The "ACT Readiness" percentage of graduates as a group is based on a four-subject benchmark ACT score that establishes as needed based on what employers need, but…
  • Excluding a science or engineering program's first year, because such programs require a 26-27 ACT score in math, much higher than the ACT Readiness benchmark in math. This area represents many jobs.
  • In 2016 many fast food providers decided to replace their workers with robotics, e.g. McDonald's decided to convert 25,000 stores fully because its pilot studies showed that customers preferred to deal with the robot, better communications, faster service, good attitude, additional significant profitability, at a total cost below minimum wage.
  • Robotic involvement in the work force will raise the company's productivity above those we graduate from high school. For close to 20 years employers complained about many high school graduates dropping in performance instead of improving. If we do not make a very big effort to reverse this situation, virtually all of the next generation will become unemployable if they were attending public schools.



Both a GOAL and OBJECTIVE have to be specific, measurable, and be the best indicator of how much our children have learned since first grade, like the ACT, with a test that has not been dumbed down. A GOAL is important in that one has a definite desire and strong drive to achieve the GOAL typically in 3-5 years. A GOAL is generally not associated with something that one must achieve, like an OBJECTIVE. Things like Vision Statements and GOALS are almost the same, but it is silly to mandate them as they do in education for superintendents. One may or may not have a great inner desire to achieve something, but they need the job. That is what we observed in education. On the other hand in some other industries, such as in high technology, you find many people who are very enthusiastic happy, and have a dream about what they would like to accomplish. If it is mandated, in most cases one will not write what they really want to achieve, but write something that sounds good. Many think that GOALS and OBJECTIVES are the same. They are not.


An objective is something very important if one wants to increase results. It is specific, measurable, a key indicator of success (or failure), like an ACT score that is 10% higher than the last one achieved, something you want to and must accomplish during your fiscal year. The complexity of achieving an objective increases enormously as the number of employees increase to achieve it. It is a very important part of management know-how.


If the objective is correct as described, this is the next most important thing in planning and managing each and every school to its monthly objective (GPA), in order to meet the school district ACT score objective for the school district. One cannot get good results unless all "operating units that produce results" or all schools, have a monthly GPA objective, year-to-date, so that if we discover a problem one month in achieving the year-to-date GPA, action can be taken immediately to adjust the plan to ketch up with or exceed the original operating plan. Under the operating plan, every single management and supervisory employee must have a monthly action plan with measurable objectives that support directly the achievement of their immediate organization's objective. For example, supervisor within a school must have Monthly Year-to-Date GPA objectives that the school must achieve, plus another objective based on what the supervisor has to accomplish every month to help that school objective's achievement. It sounds complicated, but it is not, and it can be very easily automated with a database management program. If the supervisor or manager cannot detail in writing what each of his/her people should achieve each month, then you have the wrong person in their position.

New technologies will appear faster, bringing more unemployment and new jobs that require more education. We need a much better foundation in high school for students to survive this, more education especially in mathematics and science, plus music and art education to aid right hemisphere brain development for critical thinking, with 80% ACT Readiness, plus lifelong continuing education to be able to do well with such future changes. Other countries have been doing this for more than a decade. You can view all the backup data at my website, This is not a pessimistic view, it is a best case view based on what we are doing today. We have been heading in the wrong direction with public education for a long time.

To survive, we have to be competitive internationally with US products and services. We sell most of our products or services internationally. It is a big part of our national income. Product and service quality and pricing depend on the quality of the work force. Our work force has been declining both in numbers and capability as the high school output declined. The quality of the work force everywhere depends on the knowledge of high school graduates the most. Our high school graduates dropped to 40th recently in international math tests of 15-year-olds (OECD PISA) of 73 countries. We just keep dropping because our high school output is poor and getting worse. Why? Because our elected boards of education will not set appropriate ACT objectives and operating plans in every school to ensure GPA progress to achieve the ACT objectives. One does not need such objectives in a school system that performs well, meaning 80% of ACT Readiness of high school graduates and not just 20-50% ACT Readiness. Our situation and its management is poor, and such a condition cannot be reversed without the right key success indicator-based objective. People who have not been management trained extensively and have not managed at least half as many employees as the school district has for at least five continuous years may not appreciate this fact. Hopefully they will appreciate that the time for experimentation IS OVER. We have been doing education the same way for a hundred years, it generates declining results, it did not work.

To turn education around, an ACT objective has to be a 10% increase from the last ACT score achieved (at 21.1 in this Knox County example), as long as the ACT Readiness in graduating classes is under 80%. Only two top level or primary objectives are needed for the board and superintendent. One is the ACT score (academic) objective. The other objective is achieving it within the approved budget (the fiscal objective). All other objectives are secondary to these two and apply to positions under them, and must be supportive of these two primary objectives. If your objective is not measurable in the key indicator of success, such as an ACT score that shows what students learned from grade one to twelve, then our school districts will not improve.

Whatever we do, if we do not have the right objectives and operating plan to achieve it, we will continue failing. We are leaving four out of five children behind today. The public is paying for it and they deserve better from boards of education and legislators. Set the right ACT objective and operating plan to meet it please! The boat is sinking and we don't even know where the holes are…or worse…we are keeping it a secret.



Please note that the dumbing down (providing less and less education over the years compared to other nations) of the public, by our public schools took place over a 46 year period, very quietly, with 39 countries passing us as of December 2016 (OECD PISA tests of 73 nations). The USA is 40th now and below average of all those nations in math of 15-year-old students in the world, a very poor showing. The general public appears to be under the impression that "our high school education is doing well, a solid B performance, but there is room for improvement" to quote a superintendent of Knox County, Tennessee, during the 2008-2016 period. That is what our school districts told and tell the public via newspapers and the media. They are not telling the public the truth. They also reconditioned the public's expectations, by repeating often the idea that "everything is all right, but there is room to improve". Companies who experienced high school graduates are of the opinion that since about 2005, most high school graduates could not communicate properly in English, could not even fill out a job application correctly, and cannot even perform basic math. Employers became so concerned about the educational output of high schools, that many opted since 2016 to replace employees with robots. The cost of robotics is below minimum wage now and customers preferred to communicate with the robot in pilot studies. Please read some details about robotics here.


To be blunt, no group activity including education can succeed without it, if they have more than 100 employees. Management problems become more sophisticated as the number of employees grow into the thousands in school districts. Very interesting that this fact becomes unnoticed in virtually all school districts, and learning management by the seat of the pants is very slow. In addition, many people may not be happy in management, and they fail. What successful organizations do is have the candidate tested by a vocational psychologist before promotion to a management level job. NOT HAVING SUCH TRAINING AND EXPERIENCE IS OUR MOST IMPORTANT SHORTCOMING IN EDUCATION.

We appreciate the fact that many people may have an opinion about everything, without any training and experience. There are others also who do not believe in the importance of something, with which they are not familiar. I think that these are very common human traits. The same thing is true about what we state about management. If they have not managed an organization with more than 100 or more employees, they will undervalue the need for management training. It is natural to do that. We, human beings are not perfect in an imperfect world. Yet we are not very eager to depart to the place that is PERFECT. Management is a huge subject. We would like to make an attempt at giving a brief description in the following paragraphs about what kinds of challenges a manager faces who has more than 100 employees under him. Hopefully we will succeed.

There is an interesting exercise at the start of most management programs. The instructor asks for six volunteers to come up front, and stand in a line 4-5 feet apart. The instructor whispers something into the ear of the first person, and asks that each person whisper the same message into the ear of the next person. Then the instructor asks the last person to tell the group what the message is, and the instructor tells the class what message was given to the first person. The two messages will be different, sometimes VERY different. Communication can become a major problem that management needs to solve. It becomes worse if the message is long and/or complex. It is a disaster if the parties communicating cannot communicate clearly - a major problem with 75-80% of today's high school graduates. They also cannot read or do basic math well enough. It is very tempting to keep messages verbal because it is faster. The above exercise shows what can happen to an important message if given verbally through others. The larger the number of employees, the more complicated communications become. The real impact of using only verbal communications in an organization that is larger than 100 employees, would have disastrous results, with some exceptions. There will be many small or large group meetings to explain things to those working for you, or for making some important decisions that require some discussions up front. There will be discussions about personal performance or decisions that need to be made to name a few. School districts are typically between 1,000 and 10,000 employees, with 4-7 layers of management that also complicates things. Add to that making certain that the right objectives are set, the right operating plan is created, and they all have to be handled professionally - no excuses. Add to that people interaction related problems. That is where management training is most important. People may not do, or do correctly what you tell them, or even write to them. To make sure they do it correctly, you have to follow up by inspecting how the job was done. You will find people who work for you who are very dependable and do a task always correctly, or talk to you fist if they cannot do something. Give them as much independence as it is practical. Some may not do something exactly as you want it done. Talk to them. Teach them. Letting employees go and hiring a replacement can actually cost as much as 12-18 months of their compensation. But trust your judgement. If you tried to talk to them for a reasonable time and there is no improvement, you have to replace them, with compassion and understanding, but communicating truthfully.

Let us repeat with some situations described that relate to management. If one started a "small" office for a professional service, with 20-25 employees, some employees will focus on getting revenue so that all employees can get paid, and the rest are supporting those who get the revenue. One person would have managerial duties as well. When one starts such a business, it will be very challenging: organizing everything, reminding all employees about what the objectives (or jobs) are for each of them, who does what, what their decision making authority is, what we must achieve by what date, solve many people problems and financial problems. And then some day, it MAY all come together, but there always will be new challenges in the management area. Getting problem employees to change for the better, letting go of those who are not working out are very sophisticated and unpleasant problems. Handling them is a management problem/task. One could direct quite easily "who is to accomplish what" in a small organization, but there are some people who could not even do that. They may be excellent working for someone, but not managing others.

Next I would like you to imagine how complicated things could get, when you have 200 employees, with varying jobs, and 10-12 people who help the company president to manage such an organization. Now the management task becomes at least 100 times more difficult, and you would be also keeping an eye on competitors, learning from those who are the best, and ensuring that all employees are assigned duties such that the 200 people produce the best possible results, with minimum management. If your employees lie to you about the results, or don't know the academic objective, they can create some problems for you and your entire organization. It will be like not having such an objective, and everyone under such a manager will work like they did for years. Nothing changes, including the results. People deserve a couple of discussions, before any other serious step is considered. Not following an objective religiously and doing one's best to achieve it is a most serious offense and must be treated as such. Your communications will need to be in writing so that everything is very clear to employees. Job descriptions in writing, objectives in writing, action or operating plans in writing, policies about what the organization does, have all become more complex to keep 200 people focused in the same direction to get the best results for the entire organization. In addition, you have to know what each of them are doing. It is actually very helpful to walk around and speak to employees to get a feeling for morale and job satisfaction so that the problems found can be corrected. Happy employees who are well suited to the job, will do very well. On the other hand employees who are not happy in their job, cannot do well.

Imagine now an organization with 2000 employees. There are quite a few managers to guide various areas of the organization, and the top job along with most jobs becomes much more complex. If that person did not have management training, as in many areas, and in addition does not know how to set objectives and create an operating plan in all operating units of the organization that could be producing good results, success will be impossible. This is a very common situation in education districts. That is what any school board needs to understand very well, and the superintendent or a principal has to be very good at being the best advisor to his/her direct employees, appreciate their problems and be of help in assuring that they improve. Education programs are a great investment, and should be completed before that employee is promoted into a position that needs such training. The worst thing that happens most of the time is people not wanting to admit that they don't know how to do something and do not learn on the side what they do not know. Many companies and people fail because of it. So the job of management and related education is extremely important if one wants to succeed. No one is perfect. Not you and neither am I. It is hard sometimes, but it is important to treat others like you would like to be treated. Expect honesty and an honest day's work. If that is not happening, it is time for a friendly discussion to find out why.


An ACT 25-26 average score is a reasonable minimal goal for survival today until about 2019 to improve ACT Readiness from a current 27% of a graduating class with an ACT score of 21.1, to 60-80% of a class within four years WOULD BE VERY IMPORTANT. Teachers have to be very good at knowing how to do that, and their performance review should reflect how good they were in improving their students learning. If we started in September 2016 to use proper ACT objectives in Knox County, TN, a reasonable performance evaluation for teachers along with an operating plan that focuses all supervisors and managers in each of the K-12 grades in every single school on academic objectives, possibly a GPA, provide continuing subject and teaching methodology education for teachers and institute zero tolerance discipline management, it would take minimum four years to see increases in ACT scores to 23 average with ACT 25 as a goal, with parallel improvement in all twelve grades. We were at only a 27% ACT Readiness of graduating students in 2016. That is a poor result. We should be above 80% ACT Readiness, for which an average ACT score of 25-26 is necessary. There can be no improvement when performance is this low, without the right ACT score objectives. That did not happen in September 2016 with the board of education, and it is uncertain if it will ever happen in places like Knox County, Tennessee. Unfortunately there are many school districts like that.

The correct measurable ACT score objectives and operating plans were not in place as of 2017 April. WHAT IS EVEN MORE IMPORTANT IS THE FACT THAT WE NEVER HAD AN ACADEMIC OBJECTIVE, WE NEVER HAD A 5-10% GROWTH FROM THE PRIOR YEAR'S RESULT, WE NEVER HAD THEM IN EACH AND EVERY SCHOOL WHO PRODUCE THE RESULTS, AND IT IS THE SCHOOLS THAT PRODUCE THE RESULTS FOR THE SCHOOL DISTRICT. THIS WAS AND IS A VERY NEGLIGENT PRACTICE. The point we want to make is that any corrective action will take 4 years minimum, and we are still not even starting it. WHAT KIND OF POLITICAL LEADERSHIP DOES THAT? NOT A GOOD ONE, OR NOT ONE THAT BOTHERED TO GET EDUCATION ON HOW TO SOLVE MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS. Experts are forecasting that by 2025, a third of current jobs will be replaced by robots, (reference on spreading of robots), depending on how fast we can improve – or become even worse. All of this depends on the district's elected board. They are responsible for operating decisions. There will be significant public reaction because of the poor job the boards and superintendents have done in public education, and even worse, our law-makers and governors could have solved this problem years ago but did not. Waiting at this point will significantly increase the damage.

The first decision is about what test result is the best, impartial indicator of good or poor achievement at the end of 12 grades and end of each year, in order to measure where we are, where we want to be at year end (objective) and what our goal is 4-5 years out. In our opinion the ACT score is the best impartial and most secure indicator of results. We would feel that because we are so low in performance, we should plan the objective at last year's ACT score, plus ten percent to give us a solid reference point-based objective. The last ACT score and readiness percentage indicates where we are when creating this plan. TO KEEP IMPROVING RESULTS, AN ORGANIZATION MUST HAVE A COUPLE OF PROPER OBJECTIVES AS DESCRIBED FOR THE ENTIRE ORGANIZATION, AND ALSO FOR THE SCHOOLS, AFTER ALL, THEY ARE TO PRODUCE THE HIGHER RESULTS. THE SCHOOLS MUST HAVE MONTHLY ACADEMIC OBJECTIVES. BECAUSE THE ACT IS GIVEN AT THE END OF HIGH SCHOOL, A GPA MEASUREMENT MAY BE THE BEST AND COULD BE USED EVEN FOR CLASSROOM OR INDIVIDUAL ACHIEVEMENT MONITORING. IT CAN BE AUTOMATED QUITE EASILY. WE SIMPLY CANNOT ACHIEVE BETTER RESULTS WITHOUT MANAGING GROWTH BY OBJECTIVES IN THE SCHOOLS WHO GENERATE THE RESULTS AND EDUCATE THE CHILDREN. WE SIMPLY CANNOT CONTINUE AS BEFORE.

Very strangely, we do not have and NEVER did have objectives and operating plans for the individual schools. We do have the requirement for objectives on the school district level. That is unusual because it is the schools themselves that produce the results, and in such a case management tools and attention should be focused on each school. They are the ones who produce the results and they could optimize the operating plan to their own school's specific needs. Not having an operating plan for each school is like not having an operating plan at all. No one can deliver against an increasing objective unless one has an operating plan per school.

The school objective must be a monthly objective for each of twelve months, so that any problems that prevent the delivery of one month's objective is known right away so that action can be taken to remedy the problem.

Objectives in a growing environment are realized only if an operating plan was created per school to meet them. To create the operating plan, identify the academic performance-related objective of every supervisory and management position in each school, and also in Central Management. The operating plan for the school district will be a collection of all operating plans from each school and Central Management.

During this entire process, everyone and especially the superintendent should be making sure that Central Management employees do not exceed 1% of the school districts total number of employees, and any excess money should go to the schools to produce better results.

In terms of importance and allocation of resources the priorities need to be:

  • 1. Schools, teacher testing for match to the profession, teacher subject and methodology training, management training for principals, delegation of budget management, HR, IT, accounting to senior principals with feeder school principals reporting to them
  • 2. Appoint a team of principals to research how the best in the world achieve their superior results,
  • 3. Everything else.

When an organization has vague and immeasurable objectives like we do, it will have no incentive to do anything better or to work harder or smarter. In such a case, the results of performance evaluations will become political relationship-based, because the objective created by the board is not measurable. The result of such a situation is always based on politics, and not on work results. That means that the effort everyone makes is driven by what their boss and people above their boss think about them, instead of improvement in student results driving the organization. That makes focused performance impossible at all levels and opens the door to continuing poor performance, because actual accomplishment to improve the results will not be the basis of performance evaluations, as we experienced to date. Performance evaluations will depend in such a case on how much a worker is pleasing his/her boss, the boss's friends and family. Achieving good results through his/her job performance becomes less important. This could become very unpleasant for an attractive female worker as an example, and the business or activity will not do well when useless objectives are used. Therefore a performance objective must be measurable, expressed in a number, and it must be the most important indicator of success measurement activity (e.g., ACT score and GPA). A second objective is generally keeping the spending under a monthly, year-to-date expense budget. Having more than two or three objectives on the top level for the elected board, the superintendent, and principals can easily dilute the importance of the objectives.



Robotics are spreading into many different industries, replacing even college graduates, reducing high school graduates' job prospects, since our high schools are graduating poorly prepared children. Too many cannot communicate properly, cannot perform basic math, are not reliable and have a bad attitude. See robotics.

Our student performance is limited by how well teachers are educated about the subject they teach and teaching methodologies, and how capable they are to teach, such, that they motivate the children to learn more. It appears that our teacher training is weak compared to many nations. It needs to be improved and working conditions for teachers need to be improved as well. See The teachers' challenge.

In 2016 Tennessee, only 20% of a graduating class was "ACT Ready", and in Knox County 27%. That makes 73% in Knox County, TN, and 83% in Tennessee of a graduating class with a diploma "not ACT Ready". When the results are poor, and you are the fifth largest spender per student in the world, YOU DO NOT NEED MORE MONEY AS IN THE PAST. The results are poor, BECAUSE THE MONEY WAS AND IS NOT GETTING TO THE RIGHT PLACES, AND EVIDENTLY NO ONE KNOWS THE DIFFERENCE. The school boards and superintendents created these poor results by foolishly spending billions of the public's hard-earned tax dollars every single year, damaging the future of our children, the work force and our economy, did not inform the public truthfully about the results. And we the people, whose taxes pay for this education, do not have any legal recourse on people who hired people who made such poor decisions with our money? With such people, there is a trail of bad decisions, it did not just happen out of the blue. For those "not ACT Ready", this will mean a short-term, close to minimum-wage job only, followed by joblessness and homelessness for many. For these results in the chart, the board members gave themselves and the superintendent good-to-excellent performance reviews every year, and chose not to set an ACT score objective and a proper operating plan with GPA objectives IN ANY SINGLE YEAR to ensure improving performance by each and all of our schools. Instead they chose objectives on purpose that are vague, and/or unmeasurable, but sound good, so no one can see if their "objectives" were achieved or not. Unfortunately the public majority assumes that the board of education and the superintendent must know what they are doing, and they do not question them about anything.

JOBLESSNESS is increasing among young people who are not educated well enough. Employers can survive only if they have well enough educated candidates for jobs. We must recognize this fact. If the employers cannot find well enough educated candidates for jobs, then they will have to go to places that have such talent, or go to robotics, or close the company. For jobs, a parent thinking that "my Johnny is smart enough, just hire him and teach him the job" is not a good substitute. Demonstrating for more jobs is not a good idea. There cannot be more employed people if they cannot satisfy the schooling and on job behavior that an employer needs. BUT...DEMONSTRATING ABOUT NEEDING A MUCH BETTER EDUCATION FOR ALL THE BILLIONS OF DOLLARS WE, THE PUBLIC PAID FOR IT, THAT IS WELL JUSTIFIED ACTION. HAVING A SCHOOL IN YOUR DEMOGRAPHIC AREA IS NOT A GOOD IDEA IF THE SCHOOL EDUCATES OUR CHILDREN SO POORLY THAT THEY CANNOT GET A JOB. WE MUST HAVE MUCH BETTER SCHOOLS FOR ALL CHILDREN.

A "not ACT ready" high school graduate will have no chance of employment as early as 2019, and that an "ACT ready" graduate's future without a university degree IN DEMAND, will be short lived, unless we start graduating students from high school with 80% "ACT Readiness". That is unlikely to happen because the majority of elected boards have not been able to create better performance and don't seem to be interested enough in high performing education systems to learn or to get others to learn better teaching methodologies from them. The current thought in the upper level of state planning is to focus on junior colleges with vocational training to provide high school graduates with a vocation for life. That will work only for a short time without fixing the poor education from pre-school onward, before high school graduation. Robotics are already planned on the vocational level and will be available within 5 years, eliminating many jobs by even professional humans. The two year vocational education on top of a poor 12 years of education cannot overcome the bad attitudes, poor behavior, and weak educational preparation. Fixing public education is already necessary for survival via new job training as new technologies eliminate old jobs, and create new better paying jobs that require more education. A ROBUST PRESCHOOL, AND MUCH BETTER 12-YEAR PROGRAM IS NEEDED INSTEAD TO BUILD A MUCH BETTER PREPARED FUTURE WORK FORCE, WITH CONTINUING EDUCATION BECOMING A NECESSITY OF LIFE.

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With the long-weakening public schools, the employers do not have the quality labor force they need to survive. The choices are to leave and move to another country with a better-educated work force, or close the business, or go to robotics. Going to robotics is the least expensive solution without sacrificing customer satisfaction in many industries. Most parents of today's high school graduates did better in high school. The point we want to make is that with the slow dumbing down since 1970, many in the US population, including school board members, lost track of where we need to be, because they don't know how far we dropped from other nations with whom we compete and why that is important. Poor public school performance is destroying public schools, by necessitating the establishment of more vouchers, private schools, home schooling, superior Internet-based educational programs and improved charter schools. If public schools were performing better than these, why would we need them?

The world has become "small" during the last 20-30 years. We can call, video conference or fly to any country today, we can see their newspapers on the Internet the same day. The US companies were very competitive 40 years ago with their products. I saw well respected US products everywhere in 65 countries to which I travelled regularly. As our high school education weakened, so did our products and services in the international markets and at home as well. Coincidence? Definitely not. High school output feeds the national work force. A weaker high school output weakens the US work force, as foreign countries strengthened their work force by significantly improving teacher education, matching potential teachers to the profession, getting teachers from the top 10-30% of their Master's programs in the subjects that they will teach in order to create much better educated high school graduates than what most of our high schools produced for a couple of decades now. The declining high school education in the US resulted in a gradual reduction of the quality of US products in both US sales and profitability of US companies, with very few exceptions. We have about three million jobs that employers cannot fill today because the candidates with the right education have not been developed by our public schools. Only 26% of our high school graduates with a diploma were ready nationally for further training or better than minimum wage jobs in 2016. The objectives set by the states for public schools are very low. Using ACT scores, for 80% of a graduating class to be prepared, that class must be at or above an average ACT score of 25. Not where we are today.

Nationally in 2016 74% of graduating high school students were not ACT Ready. They will not succeed. Robotics will take their jobs.

"Things not going well with the education of our children" is an understatement.

What would you do if, in the only hospital available to you, 80% of patients became infected with an incurable debilitating infection and die? And your child is sick, requiring hospitalization. Would you be very concerned? This analogy is better than you think right now. Public schools are the only option for many. Considering dropouts, more than 80% of those children who enter public school in grade 9 are "dead" from the career point of view when leaving high school. You should be VERY concerned!


A school's success with students is limited by how well-trained and motivated their teachers are. Some teachers may say that "I have taught for decades but these students just cannot learn!" That's the same as if a sales person said "I have been selling for 30 years, but no one bought." In addition, teacher training in the USA needs to improve both in subject knowledge and teaching methodology, because it is not competitive with the top 20 higher performing nations in education results. Our teachers come from the bottom third of university classes. Our competitors' teachers come from the top 10-30% with a master's degree in the subject that they will teach. IN FINLAND TEACHERS VOLUNTEER FROM THE TOP 10% OF MASTER'S PROGRAMS FOR BECOMING A TEACHER , AND SUCH VOLUNTEERS HAVE AN ACT 32 OR HIGHER EQUIVALENT AVERAGE, and will maintain the same high performance all the way to a Master's degree. The drop in school performance since 1970 reduced many families' earnings, increasing poverty in the nation. We forget the dumbing down result on and by public education, jobs and earnings, when we blame the education results on poverty.

Another contributor is boards of education not wanting to learn what to do and why, and we have been creating less and less educated people for five decades now or maybe more. The states' education departments did not or cannot provide appropriate operating guide lines in the area. In the top performing countries, such help is provided country-wide centrally, and not by school district boards. We must correct this situation if we want more employable people.

We seem to support the philosophy that all decisions must be made by the local elected school districts' boards, because they, as representatives of the people know best what we need to improve education. We have about 14,000 different school districts nationally with elected boards as a sample of the population, and the entire population was dumbed down since 1970 or before the tests indicate. So every single school district must do the work to reinvent the wheel without professional guidelines from the state education departments, or better yet nationally, to work together to reach the same standards to improve performance. Such an approach creates disorganization, and lack of focus on the right objective, and that can bring only bad results. That is what we have.

We unfortunately must create an opportunity for better education through vouchers, tax credits and charter schools because public schools are not improving. However, these are not always successful. There must be a function within the state ideally, or within the school district to have actual facts showing to the public which charter school, or private school (vouchers) could be most beneficial.

States must become much better in setting the right measurable academic objectives, like an ACT or SAT score that is 5-10% higher than the last one achieved.

State guidance of school districts must become much better, the curriculum must be stronger, the teachers better educated with a master's degree in the subject they teach (and with continuing education) and better supported by their management giving the prepared teacher full authority about classroom decisions.

We must educate significantly more of our children with university degrees that are in demand. Not just any degree. That, in turn, depends on how well they do in pre-school, and in grades one through twelve. That is where we have a big problem with the great majority of public schools.

Teachers need to check all students understanding while they are teaching, so they do not move on with unlearned material that can accumulate and stop that student's progress. We don't check the students' understanding of the material taught with every lesson in the classroom. This is one big difference between us and high performing internationals. For example, in Finland such students are switched to additional tutoring the same day after normal school hours until 6 PM.


Elected boards of education could not develop 80% or more of our children's education during the past 20-25 years to a good enough educated level, to satisfy the needs of employers or universities. We have more than three million open jobs. But employers cannot find well enough educated employees for them. Employers have been complaining during the last ten-fifteen years that our public high school graduates cannot communicate in English properly and cannot even do basic math. Boards of education do not know how to set proper objectives that work or purposefully set purposefully set improper unmeasurable objectives so that the school system CANNOT CHANGE TO ACHIEVE GOOD RESULTS. They cannot create a good operating plan with proper objectives to improve. The state Department of Education cannot provide guidelines to school districts evidently, and they should.

But the problem is much bigger than that. Neither elected school boards, nor state political leadership noticed a key error. Who educates/produces the students who will be graduating from high school? The schools do. Yet we do not have appropriate easy to understand monthly objectives, GPA-based, and operating plans within each and every school, that produce the results.

There is a big second problem as well. Since 1970 school spending skyrocketed, but test results went nowhere. This has been going on for close to 50 years. What is the end result of such a practice for ten years, let alone fifty years, when the international competition has been out performing our schools? The population gets dumbed down without even noticing it. We dropped from the top to 40th in the world as of 2016 (OECD PISA Tests).

AND after all this, we believe that the best way to guide education is through an elected board that represent the local public? This is a gigantic problem with education laws and management oversight by the state's political leadership and its education department, as well as school districts if the others do not provide it.

Our elected boards of education are not the only ones who could not solve this problem - and they should not be the ones. This is a huge mistake by governors, state education departments and by the congressional education committees in the states. No one recognizes yet that if you do not plan properly with the right objectives and operating plans, covering the areas that produce the results, YOU ARE ACTUALLY PLANNING TO FAIL. THIS HAS BEEN VERY OBVIOUS FOR DECADES. We have been doing a very poor job in education for many decades.

This is not a teacher problem. Some teachers are not suited for teaching. Many are great. School districts do not check that upon hiring a teacher. Too many teachers are discouraged by school district management, instead of being motivated by them. These are big management problems. Most are not interested in learning, like anyone demotivated, whereas in other fields/industries it is very common for employees wanting to learn more, even at their own expense. People who love their job do that. Too many students who could not produce good grades in their selected major in college, transferred to an education major because it was easier. On the other hand, in the high performing countries, they accept only the top performers from the master's level programs for education, with a major not in education but in the subject that they would be teaching. That makes a huge difference. There are excellent learning sources out there for our teachers, or students. For example the company we list as an example publishes the best lectures from the best professors in any high school or college subject, and could be an excellent source: The art of teaching best practices from a master educator. Or an excellent company that produced more than 40,000 outstanding tutorials in primary and secondary school subjects, the Khan Academy. Both of these examples had major impact on teachers as well as students.

"Next in importance to freedom and justice is public education, without which neither freedom nor justice can be permanently maintained."
James A. Garfield (1831 - 1881)

A child is born with a 100 billion neurons (special brain cells) in his/her brain. Almost all neurons he/she will ever have in life, unless exposure starting 90 days before conception to heavy metals, certain drugs, insufficient nutrition, cigarette smoke, or genetic abnormalities prevent enough brain cells from developing during pregnancy, creating learning disabilities. The exposure of the child to abnormal family behavior, absence of a loving environment, alcohol, heavy metals like lead in lead paint, continuing exposure of what we mentioned during pregnancy, and drugs will also have a negative impact on the child's behavior and ability to normally develop for life. From birth, brain cell interconnections start developing at a high rate until age 6, and slower thereafter for life. This is how learning, coping with difficulties, behaviors and personalities develop, and this is why the high performing countries create excellent preschool programs to start educating children through games very early in life. We don't do that.



We do not prepare children as well for and in elementary school and later high school as other countries. We want to graduate them as soon as possible, and we have cases where teachers are instructed to change student grades for the better. Our elementary school performance ends up very weak, with continuing weakness in reading and mathematics, making high school learning more difficult. This process of insufficient foundation produces the poorly prepared high school graduates, and it makes college and job performance more difficult as well. We must eliminate this handicap by providing excellent preparation for subsequent classes, and stop providing an incentive for instructing teachers to alter scores in order to get more children advancing into the next grade faster, for faster graduation.



The state's focus on a 90% graduation rate, instead of focusing on a 5-10% ACT growth is creating this problem is not doing the state itself any favors. The graduation rate is not worth more than the ACT Readiness rate which is a function of the average ACT score achieved. Employers do not want children who are not educated well enough. They cannot take years to teach them. That was the K-12 schools' job. Therefore they cannot use them.


WE ACHIEVE HIGHER GRADUATION RATES, 85-90% OF THOSE WHO ENTERED 9TH GRADE, BUT ONLY 20% of them are ready for job training, 80% will be ready only for minimum wage jobs, and virtually all will be replaced by robots in the low end jobs by 2020-2022. Why do this? The 12-13 year education costs us about $120,000-200,000 per child, and for that investment, we get someone unemployable who will need financial support until his life ends? It is interesting that our education did not recognize this problem and acted on correcting it in about 50 years to date. One wonders why it was and why it is ignored: Example1, Example2.

Unfortunately, the lack of proper interest in our long declining public secondary education to date, and lack of action to increase ACT and SAT test scores significantly by now, presents a disturbing outlook. Lack of interest means that no change was introduced by Governors or legislators that raised ACT and SAT scores from the poor performance areas like today.


Our leaders have not done anything for more than four decades to raise the most important indicators of education achievement, the ACT and SAT scores. Only 20-30% of our public high school graduates have a chance and only until 2020, to be trained for a better than minimum wage jobs. By 2020 robotics will replace most of the labor force in the fast food and other industries. Instead of only 20-30% of our graduates being prepared, we should be graduating 80-90% of our high school graduates with ACT READINESS, prepared to be trained for a job that provides minimal income for a family of four and the opportunity to obtain more education. Instead, 70-80% of our graduates with a diploma plus dropouts, are not prepared and will be replaced by robots in just a few years. Among African American students, 97-99% of those graduating from high school are not ready according to ACT and will not be employable. However...the Success Academy Schools in New York (41 schools) with poor, inner city, African American children ARE PRODUCING TOP 1% RESULTS BEATING EVEN MOST PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

Obviously, it is possible to educate children far better than we are doing it, regardless of the color of their skin, without fear of law suits and without tolerating bad behavior.



"Things may come to those who wait...but only the things left by those who hustle!"
Abraham Lincoln


Too many children today go from here:
To here, and it is not their fault:

"There is a plot in this country to enslave every man, women and child.
Before I leave this high and noble office, I intend to expose this plot."

President John F. Kennedy
Seven days before he was assassinated.
What did he know?



The average ACT score is an indicator of exactly what our students learned from grade one to twelve.

Mathematics in art: Vasarely geometric design.

If a paragraph below starts with the word "ACTION:" it means that it is important for implementation. "***ACTION:", MEANS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT FOR ANY SUCCESS. Execution of such paragraphs is vital for turning around the education system.

"Insanity: doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results."
Albert Einstein

Inappropriate objectives therefore no focus, no operating plans specifying who is to achieve what measurable personal objective, and everyone just doing everything the same way without significant change that results in the same poor performance year after year. This is the problem we have to solve.


Unfortunately, our goals and objectives are meaningless, reflecting low expectations. Proper objectives do not exist. Operating plans to reach the objectives, even if they had them, do not exist in each of our schools and the school district. ACT or SAT scores do not increase. But spending per student is skyrocketing.



***ACTION: Eliminate the practice of targeting 90% graduation rate from high school as an objective instead of targeting an ACT score performance objective that is 10% higher than the previous ACT score. Targeting 90% graduating is done indirectly by not naming such action as an objective, but it is focused on and pushed by superintendents and principals exactly like any named/published objective if it is measurable. Graduation targeting encourages and supports marginal students' grades to be changed so that they can graduate, but their poor ACT Readiness will make them unemployable. With graduation rate targeting only 17-25% of those graduating are ACT Ready, a very poor result. ACT Readiness means that they have only a chance to pass the first year only of a university or vocational program. ACT Readiness is a very minimal requirement. It excludes any engineering or science program, because they have a much higher mathematics requirement than the ACT Readiness benchmark for mathematics. 90% graduation targeting did not and will not raise ACT scores and the students' knowledge to be employable. But an ACT objective that is 10% higher than the previously achieved ACT score, coupled with a monthly GPA objective in each and every school will do wonders. The ACT score increase will obviously raise graduation rates and ACT Readiness rates improving the employability of high school graduates. THE STATE'S EDUCATION DEPARTMENT IS DOING SOME THINGS, HOWEVER, THAT REDUCES THE STUDENTS' ACT READINESS AND THEREFORE THEIR EMPLOYABILITY. Click here to read about it.

SCHOOL TESTS are designed for a specific subject or group of subjects in accordance with the curriculum. In other words, they are designed such that a 90-100% score would merit an "A" and anything under 60% would be an "F", a failing grade for the subject and grade for which the test was designed. Test designers are professional people generally with a master's degree in the subject for which the test is created. Unfortunately, many states including Tennessee are changing grades based on what they call a "cut score" in the state test, where a low score like 45% may be changed to a "B" to make the school system's performance look better. The student loses when we reward failing performance. Then the school districts' board members and superintendent celebrate the "B" openly in the newspapers! The "B" would graduate the student. The "F" would not. Unfortunately the "F" represents the student's knowledge and his/her future prospects for a job. The "B" makes the school district appear to the public as if the school system did a great job. But they really did not. So what is the result? It is for Cut Scores to make public education performance look good, when it is not. The result is damaging our children's ability to survive economically, because their ACT score and and ACT Readiness percentage will be too low, reflecting their lower knowledge level achieved with Cut Scores. There are other less important contributing factors to poor education, but the biggest ones are poor teacher training, oppressive management of teachers, insufficient teacher authority to control discipline problems, and bloated central management. THIS IS A CLEVER METHOD THAT DUMBS DOWN OUR CHILDREN: MAKING POOR GRADES "LOOK GOOD" TO THE PUBLIC, WHILE ENDING HIGH SCHOOL UNPREPARED, UNEMPLOYABLE. WHY ARE WE DOING SUCH A STUPID THING? IS THIS "EXCELLENCE FOR ALL CHILDREN?" THIS IS NOT EXCELLENCE. IT IS NOTHING LESS THAN THE PURPOSEFUL DESTRUCTION OF MOST CHILDREN'S FUTURE. WHO DO WE THANK FOR THIS INCREDIBLE KINDNESS? PLEASE THANK YOUR GOVERNORS, AND THE ELECTED SCHOOL BOARDS WHO KNOW EVERYTHING.

***ACTION: Do not use cut scores. We need a continuing education program for teachers covering subject knowledge to master's level and teaching methodologies, teacher authority increased to handle discipline problems with punishment that will discourage the offender or any other student to repeat, and reduce central management level to normal (1% of total full time equivalent employees, and benefit with the expense gains the schools and classrooms. Do not allocate any more than 50% higher funding per student than what is allocated to the lowest funding per student for any high school in the school district.

ACTION: Stop making grandiose slogans and claims like "Excellence for all children!" or "World class education for all children". We don't even know what "Excellence" or "World class education" mean. We are 40th in the world in mathematics of 15 year-old students. Do not lie to the public. Don't use such slogans. Instead, just achieve higher and higher results until we become what our slogans mean.

The ACT and SAT tests show accurately what high school graduates learned from grade one to twelve. The quality and quantity of education our high school graduates get is very poor. To be specific, we are graduating more than 80% of our high school students in Tennessee who are NOT ACT Ready. This is extremely damaging to the many students we graduate, our employers and our economy. It means minimum wage employment for the NOT ACT Ready high school graduate, with that job going to robots by 2020-2025. The ACT or SAT scores are the key indicator of what students have learned from grade one to twelve. Such performance weakens the work force and weakens our companies in turn, because the poor high school output degrades their ability to create highly competitive products and services in the market place worldwide. Many people may not fully appreciate what we are saying here, and we would like to describe very briefly some management terms and actions, and some important points, without which our schools' performance will not improve and we will suffer economically.

***ACTION: Career choice pressure on teenagers to select courses to prepare them for a specific career is much too early and wrong. STOP IT PLEASE. Vocational tests advise to wait until at least 18-22 years of age to take such tests, before career-related preferences are set for life. What we need during elementary and high school is a stronger foundation in math and the three sciences, but reinstate music and art, because they influence right hemisphere brain development and right, left hemisphere brain interconnections that are essential for critical thinking and good decision making. ACT makes excellent recommendations about what change is needed to raise their test scores 2 points, but the elected boards of education do not seem to be interested in it or anything that could improve the results. Just listen to board meetings to see where they spend time and where they do not. Again, teaching music and art are not the right choice if they are just a single course teaching both of them. Music and art are essential for completing brain development for vocational choices, and not just for becoming a musician. The Strong Interest Inventory and Myers-Briggs Psychological Inventory (correlated) are excellent choices for accurate vocational suitability and choice after 17 years of age. Unfortunately, our public schools push our children for career decisions too early and that is a big mistake. What our children need is a good basic education, stronger than today, instead. We have significant holes in the way education is managed on the state level, managing with education specialists only. We need management trained people for school districts as well as state education departments, as well as a certain degree of neurological development information with developmental time table, so that we do not misguide children's development. Some of the current recommendations about what to include or exclude from the curriculum are incorrect. The state may not check with the appropriate professionals, so the school district should. These are a major reason for our education decline. Here is a good article about this subject.


***ACTION: Please remember that tests are specifically designed for covering the material in a subject in accordance with the curriculum for a specific grade-level. In other words, they are designed such that a 90-100% score would be an "A". Test designers are professional people generally with a master's degree in the subject for which the test is created. STOP DUMBING DOWN THE TESTS WITH THE USE OF "CUT SCORES"!



***ACTION: ACT indicates that only 27% of students we graduated in 2016 were "ACT READY", with an ACT score of 21.1. We feel that we should be at 80% ACT READINESS MINIMUM and an ACT score of at least 25 average achieved in four years because robotics will replace those not ACT READY quickly and progress further. Robotics already started to go beyond high school. Robotics are already reaching beyond undergraduate degrees. For example the FDA approved two anesthesia robots, one for smaller medical procedures like a colonoscopy and the other for major procedure like open heart bypass surgery. There will be approximately 120 different specific university-educated jobs that will be replaced with robots within just a few years, using cognitive robotics that have artificial intelligence above average human intelligence, know the targeted position, can communicate fluently in multiple languages, access knowledge bases on the Internet, read and do a consistently precise job 24/7 and be down for maintenance 4 hours per month. Nanotechnology will bring major improvements and cost reductions within ten years. New technologies always bring new jobs and eliminate low end jobs. But candidates for the new jobs need more education. Unfortunately today's high school graduates cannot even make it out of high school educated well enough for the real world. The new technology-created jobs will require a much higher-educated high school graduate, to enable that graduate to be retrained for the new technology-related job. And this is just a beginning. The Tennessee objective is an average ACT 21 for the state in 2020. DO NOT EVEN TALK ABOUT AN ACT 21 GOAL OR OBJECTIVE. IT MAKES NO SENSE TO GO WITH A LESSER GOAL THAN ACT 25. We actually need to be at average 25 ACT with 80% ACT Readiness. With nanotechnology, the new jobs will most likely take young people for reeducation who graduated from high school with a 30 average ACT score and continued education part-time thereafter. The top ten countries in education in the world would fall into 30-35 average ACT range.

Let us get an idea about how fast technology is developing because that will have a big impact on the changes we will experience in education. Today's $1000 notebook computer can do about the same number of computations as a mouse brain (about 10 to the 10th power calculations per second). By 2025-2030, the $1000 computer will be much smaller with as much power as the average human brain (has about 100 billion neurons, doing 10 to the 15th power calculations per second). By 2045-2055 the $1000 computer system will be very tiny, less than one cubic inch with all input and output devices, and will be able to do as many computations as ALL HUMAN BRAINS COMBINED IN THE WORLD. It will do about 10 to the 25th power calculations per second. Reference: Ray Kurtzweil PhD, Director of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics Development, Google.


Looking at the above chart, the two major components that define robotics are computational power in the above graph, and the quality and speed of artificial intelligence, that already passed average human intelligence in 2015. It is also improving faster than human intelligence. Processor solid state circuits also diminish in size about 50% every three years. But the largest increase in speed and size reduction we will see through nanotechnology within less than ten years, around 2025. Nanotechnology will be able to build anything with very thin layers that are one atom or molecule wide. For robotics that means that some robots are so small that one will not even see them with the human eye. Nanotechnology will bring many new very interesting jobs because it will influence what all industries are doing, but the education required for creating and working with them will have to be a PhD in most cases, and a Master's degree in a related field plus robotics. EDUCATION FOR OUR CHILDREN WOULD HAVE TO BE CHANGED SIGNIFICANTLY FOR THEM TO BE EMPLOYABLE. THE HIGH PERFOPRMING INTERNATIONALS IN EDUCATION HAVE ALREADY STARTED MAKING THE NECESSARY CHANGES IN ANTICIPATION OF THE NEEDED CHANGES.


ACTION: The increase in power will not stop there. So expect and prepare for BIG changes! Stop thinking that some children are not college material. He or she will be able to learn much more than what we think today. We just have to learn how to do that. Low expectation objectives are always a big management problem, such as the ACT 21 objective in 2020 Tennessee. Totally wrong in our opinion, because the objective should be the ACT score within the current or next fiscal year, and not 4-5 years away. So the ACT 21 would be technically a "goal" for 2020, the ACT READINESS would be at 24% of graduating students at best. That's too low, because by that time robotics will take too many jobs away. We need to increase the education of all teachers who teach above grade four. Subject knowledge must be much better than what it is today in mathematics and sciences.


ACTION: We would need to increase the ACT score 10% minimum annually from 2017. THAT cannot be done without management by ACT and GPA objectives and by a proper operating plan driving achievement in every single school, monthly. The faster we get to an average ACT score of 25, the more children we can save. The suggested objective is therefore a minimum 10% ACT increase annually.


ACTION: Organizations of any nature, if they do not have a measurable objective that is a key indicator of success or failure that is 5-10% higher than what was achieved in the prior year, without an operating plan with monthly objectives that specifies what each management and supervisory person is to achieve, there will be no increase in results. YOUR FOCUS WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION MUST AGREE WITH YOUR OBJECTIVE. For example focusing and pushing a 90% graduation rate is an exceptionally foolish thing, when there is no objective to raise the ACT score. Let's say that you do achieve a 90% graduation rate, with an average ACT score of 21 (this is a real average performance in Tennessee). What you have is 90% who graduated with a diploma whose value is destroyed, because only about 25% of the graduates are prepared to have a chance to survive in an environment with robots by 2023, and 75% of graduates who are not ACT ready range from minimum wage jobs to no jobs possible, and most minimum wage jobs will be eliminated by robots with 3-5 years. Emphasis on graduation but w/o a growing ACT score objective to boost academic achievement indicates extremely poor thinking to put it mildly.



***ACTION: When groups of people are involved in accomplishing anything, one needs the right measurable objective, that is the best indicator of success or failure, to be able to measure progress. Without being able to measure progress in knowledge, you will not succeed. That is the ACT test given annually. We would also need an operating plan that identifies monthly academic objectives to measure progress, such as a GPA average for each school, plus management/supervisory staff objectives relating to what they would have to achieve within the schools to achieve the GPA objectives. It should be noted that although school districts are required to set annual objectives, the results are produced by the schools, and in the schools academic objectives and annual operating plans do not exist. School districts that select objectives this way cannot have an effective operating plan, and therefore the results will be the same as if they had neither objectives nor an operating plan.


***ACTION: Past boards have acted as if they operated without objectives exactly for the same reason. That is why past boards, and so far the current 2017 board will not be able to improve, until they go to the measurable key indicator of success or failure, the ACT score for the annual school district performance, AND a monthly GPA objective for each school that is 10% higher annualized than the previous year's actual GPA achieved.


***ACTION: That means that the list of "objectives" that the board of education set need to be replaced with an ACT score that is 10% higher than the previous year's ACT score. Establishing the right objectives within each school enables a principal to deliver better GPA results, because they are the tools for a principal to focus practically all people on what needs to be achieved. Today we do not have such objectives and operating plans to achieve them.


***ACTION: Management By Objectives (MBO) is not just a business tool. It applies to any large group of people if they want to achieve much higher results than what they actually achieved before in any activity. People rise to expectations when the objective is high but possible, with a good stretch. On the other hand, people who have no or wrong or low objectives, do not improve. In education districts, the objectives they set are not real objectives because they are not a key measurement of education achievement, or they are not measurable. People respond to such objectives as if they had no objectives at all, and revert to doing the job the same way as they did it for eons, and the results do not improve. So the right objective, like an ACT score that is 10% higher than the last one actually achieved, produces very good results, if an operating plan to achieve it also exists in every single school, with monthly objectives like GPA objectives, to see monthly progress, in order to achieve an annual ACT objective. We already know from past history, that low or inappropriate objectives, like the ones that elected boards of education set in the past, do nothing for us but results in the same, age old poor school performance. WE MUST CHANGE THAT.


Look at some objectives that boards set for themselves today and in the past. We communicated the above facts to the Board of Education and the previous superintendent, numerous times, but we were ignored with no response. The current objectives constitute an unmeasurable wish list for how we would like to see our children turn out, but not suitable for measuring and managing academic progress. The board's job is limited to educational achievement by definition. We believe that the board knows that. Why are they creating objectives that cannot be measured and are not related to academic achievement? THIS IS A VERY SERIOUS MATTER THAT WE WILL ADDRESS LATER. The key indicator of EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT, the ACT test results are the most reliable, state approved test in order to manage to higher ACT scores. The elected Board of Education is responsible for the management of schools and their slogan was and is "Excellence For All Children". This being a Board of Education, the slogan really means "Academic Excellence For All Children in the courses specified by the curriculum". Objectives need to be relevant to what the school district is required to achieve under the curriculum. The objectives they created to date are not measurable, and they do not measure curriculum-defined knowledge, that determines the school district's responsibilities. Objectives selected to help an education department or district to perform better, must achieve EXCELLENT (EXCELLENCE FOR ALL CHILDREN?) RESULTS IN THE COURSES THEY TAKE TO SATISFY GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS. But this is what the school district actually achieved for the past ten years. It is far from excellence, but the elected Boards self-evaluate their own performance as good-to-excellent - when actual performance is poor.


The following are the current objectives for the Knox County, Tennessee school district per their policy. Did not get response from the board when trying to reconfirm. Finally got an answer to an Open Record request that identified as the valid objective the one in the previous superintendents' Five Year Strategic Plan. One wonders why we have two sets of objectives and why the elected Board did not respond to our request. The reader is welcome to look at both.


***ACTION: An objective or objectives are used to FOCUS THE ENTIRE ORGANIZATION. Therefore they have to be very few for people to remember them, one is a performance measure like an ACT score that is 10% higher than the last average ACT score achieved. This is a measure of what children have learned in the school district from grade one to twelve. There is no better measure of what the school district accomplished, and a 10% growth is minimal considering poor past performance that is making 75-85% of past and current graduates unemployable beyond minimum wage. Such graduates will be replaced by robots by 2025 the latest. Objectives must relate to the main activity of the organization, such as education achievement and what it cost for a school district. An objective MUST BE:

  • Measurable so that its outcome is not ambiguous,
  • It must be brief and easy to remember for everyone,
  • There must be very few of them, otherwise objectives dilute each other and become ineffective, because one loses focus on the most important things in every job to achieve a group objective.
  • It must be a key indicator of success or lack thereof -- in performance or spending (a second objective) -- and
  • It must be about educational performance when it is about a school district or state education results that has never been dumbed down, such as an ACT score achieved. State tests have been dumbed down, e.g., for showing better results to qualify for federal funds (No Child Left Behind) or to look better to the public.


ACTION: The second objective is about spending not exceeding the approved budget that was set at the start of the year. When an objective does not meet any of these qualifications, it is like not having any and that is like people doing things aimlessly. There cannot be good results achieved this way. All the money is wasted and almost all children's lives are wasted.


***ACTION: For objectives to work, there must be a plan, The Operating Plan that covers all actions by all management and supervisory people in the entire organization to deliver excellent quality work to help reach monthly objectives (GPA) in the operating units that produce the results (schools in education), so that one notices problems as they happen. That way one can correct problems in order to meet the annual objective for the total organization or school district.


ACTION: It would be similar when managing an entire state organization in that the school districts would have to deliver monthly results (GPA) to spot problems and recover to deliver the state's result (ACT) as planned at year end.


***ACTION: Unfortunately the objectives set by the boards and the state are not suitable for managing for good results. In a case like this, they are the same as having no objectives at all, and therefore nothing is focused on getting better results. To make it worse, an organization without the right objectives becomes very political internally. Why? Because performance evaluation will still exist but based on personal relationships, and not on actual results. That is the main reason why our results are very poor.


***ACTION: Unfortunately the management styles above the writer force people to write opinions or policy documents that are enormous and easily confusing. It is possible to write also very complete documents, well researched with a long bibliography of references, but they will be very long like 50-70 pages. Supporting documents from the state education departments to school districts however, need to be brief, easy to read, and still cover the important points. They are not. Simplicity is extremely important in communications to field organizations, perhaps more important at this level than the research document that can turn out to be very complex.


  1. Read a variety of complex text, both literary and informational, to build knowledge, gain insights, explore possibilities and broaden their perspective;
  2. Communicate complex information in a clear and articulate manner using effective oral, written and media skills;
  3. Develop conceptual understanding, procedural skill and fluency, and application skills in mathematics and science to solve complex real world issues and problems;
  4. Participate effectively in civic life with a solid understanding of world geography, economics, history and finance;
  5. Develop positive habits that support good physical, mental, social and emotional well-being;
  6. Appreciate and participate in the arts;
  7. Pursue the acquisition of world languages;
  8. Effectively use current and emerging technologies to access, manage and create information;
  9. Think creatively and work collaboratively with others;
  10. Demonstrate flexibility, adaptability, initiative and self-direction;
  11. Demonstrate a commitment to lifelong learning and personal excellence; and
  12. Develop the 21st century skills necessary for a successful transition to college and/or career.



***ACTION: Objective(s) apply to the current fiscal year along with the budget. How does any of these points specify how you measure satisfactory performance in each one against a measurable objective in the current fiscal year. The above board of education objectives are not relevant to student achievement. They are unmeasurable opinions that can easily be subject to argument.



ACTION: By far the most relevant performance evaluation tool would be the state-required ACT test that shows what children have learned from grade one to twelve. It is a national test that cannot be altered to show better results by any state. Since performance is extremely poor in the ACT Readiness area (only in the 21-28% range of graduates are prepared upon graduation for gainful employment), the appropriate objective would be an ACT score that is 5-10% higher than the one last achieved. That is the only educational performance-related objective that is needed, and it should not be confused by a bunch of "objectives" that are unmeasurable and do not apply.



***ACTION: Look at your existing and past objectives. Can you actually measure where children are in achieving a measurable target in the above objectives? How do you know if a score is good or bad if there is some measurement that is subject to argument? Was there a plan that addressed how to increase the ACT scores? The answer is "NO". When one does not have THE RIGHT measurable objective, you cannot have a plan of action. You are without direction, and you flounder and fail as we are doing in Knox County, Tennessee.


***ACTION: IT IS THE SCHOOLS THAT PRODUCE THE RESULTS, YET WE DO NOT HAVE OBJECTIVES AND A PLAN WITHIN EACH OF OUR SCHOOLS TO ACHIEVE BETTER PERFORMANCE! WE ARE SORRY BUT THAT IS VERY IRRESPONSIBLE. When the individual schools do not have a measurable academic objective, AND THEY ARE PRODUCING POOR RESULTS, you cannot improve what you did before without a plan. NO CHANCE. WE NEVER PLANNED TO ACHIEVE ACADEMIC INCREASE FOR OUR SCHOOLS IN KNOX COUNTY, TENNESSEE, therefore there was no accountability, with everyone just doing the same thing again and again, year after year. NOTHING IMPROVES UNLESS YOU MAKE CHANGES IN THE WAY YOU DID THINGS! The operating plan is a must if we are to improve our unacceptable results. Now you know why it failed us. With no help from the Department of Education in Tennessee, we did not improve. This is a serious management shortfall, and expecting elected boards to know what to do may be unreasonable. HOWEVER, THAT IS NOT A GOOD EXCUSE FOR ELECTED BOARDS NOT TO DO CORRECTLY WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE.

***ACTION: We hope that board members can see why the above listed objectives cannot be used to measure how well the school district has performed, but the ACT score can be since one wants to achieve ACT score results based on the curriculum AND GOOD RESULTS FROM OUR SCHOOLS.


ACTION: For schools, the operating plan must have a monthly, year-to-date objective per school (e.g., at the end of May, you measure January-May averages and compare that result to the operating plan of each school that you planned, using average GPA per school). We assume that GPA averages have been and can be maintained per student, per school and perhaps per subject and per class, and that a plus or minus 10% mathematical relationship has been established between average high school GPA and average ACT scores in high school for the same time period.


ACTION: Based on GPA averages, establish a GPA objective for each month, for each school that is five percent higher than the previous year's GPA average achieved, that upon conversion equals or exceeds the planned ACT objective for the school district.


***ACTION: Appoint a team of principals to identify materials, excellent teaching practices, ideas from any academic source worldwide that has demonstrated very high primary and secondary school performance far above ours, who are to recommend a prioritized list of them for implementation (Finland, Singapore, Canada, France, Germany, Australia).


***ACTION: Teachers must be better educated in both teaching methodologies and the subject they teach. The high performing internationals changed years ago to selecting teachers from the top ten-thirty percent of Master's programs in the subject they will teach above fourth grade. Establish a continuing education program, 50% teacher paid, for teachers obtaining a master's degree in the subject that they are teaching.


***ACTION: Establish a zero tolerance policy relating to behavior on school property. Pursue this through legislative channels if needed. Teachers must have total authority in the classroom in the mind of the student and the student's parent.


***ACTION: Teachers have much less preparation time in the U.S. than the teachers in the high performing countries. Eliminate as much as possible teacher loads that limit teaching and preparation time, e.g., paperwork, too many tests (preparation, evaluation included).


***ACTION: Student progress needs to be measured as accurately as possible monthly. Can a testing service provide testing per month for curriculum subjects, for each and every grade?


ACTION: It is also very important that every person in a supervisory position have an objective monthly that supports increased GPA achievement in the organization to which he/she belongs (a specific school), or in Central Management. Supervisory position means all management positions not just those whose title includes the word "manager".



ACTION: "Objectives" did and do exist. The state of Tennessee required for the elected school boards to set them. I looked but did not find any guidance by the state Education Department explaining how to set objectives and create operating plans. They were actually not objectives, because they were not measurable based on the most important indicator of what students learned every single year. But the elected boards not only set them but gave themselves a positive performance review. One could not tell with such objectives if anything was accomplished, and we very consistently delivered poor education, that makes 75-85% of a graduating class not prepared well enough for job training that results in long term-employment. Robotics are replacing the low-end compensated jobs, because the work force has been degraded so far since 1970 and robotics can do a better quality job today at less cost.

  • ACTION: Why is this practice SO COMMON WITH SETTING INVALID OBJECTIVES AND NO OPERATING PLAN STILL IN PLACE that is full of conflict of interest, if not one that defrauds the public, instead of setting proper objectives to focus at minimum all people in a school district daily, on their jobs, and working toward the same objective with every single supervisory and management person in the school district about what they will accomplish? Is it because with objectives set every person has to work harder to avoid poor performance reviews?

  • ***ACTION: Schools produce the results, not Central Management in a school district. Why is it then that THE SCHOOLS THEMSELVES NEVER HAD AND HAVE ANY ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OBJECTIVES TO MEET TO THIS DAY, LIKE A GPA OBJECTIVE? Maybe because:

    • ACTION: STATE OR SCHOOL DISTRICT LEVEL DECISION MAKERS IN EDUCATION do not appear to care about what happens to our children. They say they do, but their actions do not support their claim.

    • ACTION: It is absolutely unforgivable that we TOLERATE high schools where 90% or more of a graduating class is unprepared year-after-year for anything other than short-lived employment, and we did nothing about it for more than a dozen years now. Just look at the chart showing ACT Readiness per high school above.
    • Bloated Central Management does not favor measurable academic objectives like an ACT score plus 10% for growth.

ACTION: That leaves the ACT for 11th-grade testing, and for GPA-based testing monthly reporting to actually see, how each class is progressing in each school as the year progresses. Anyone who ever managed an organization with more than 100 people knows that you cannot improve poor performance, unless you have the right objectives in every management position and a monthly plan detailing what each of them will accomplish each month to make sure that the right job is done for our children. Why is it that we do not hold anyone accountable in a school district and within the state department of education for a job that is most important for our own economic future? Instead, we are building a powder keg. We would like an explanation from state leadership about why nothing has been done about this huge problem for more than four decades.

What we know so far is that ten years of ACT scores show in Knox County, Tennessee, that close to 80% of our high school graduates PLUS dropouts are NOT ACT READY. That means that they are prepared only for close to minimum wage jobs. However, all such jobs could be replaced by robots within five years at most. The ACT test shows what children have learned from grade one to twelve. It also shows that close to 80% of them plus dropouts, are far from knowing as much as what the curriculum calls for. It shows that they did not learn enough to survive, but our public schools gave them a high school diploma anyway.



"The world will not be destroyed by those who do evil, but by those who watch them without doing anything."
Albert Einstein

Unfortunately, we are doing nothing of significance to improve our children's education in our public schools.



"We now launch a new chapter where we will build on the strong foundation in each of our schools and districts to realize our goals for Tennessee students. If we are successful:

Districts and schools in Tennessee will exemplify excellence and equity such that all students are equipped with the knowledge and skills to successfully embark upon their chosen path in life."



"This is our unifying vision: success for all students upon graduation from high school. This is how Tennessee Succeeds. To this end, we have set three ambitious goals to guide our work through the next five years:

Tennessee will rank in the top half of states on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), or the nation's Report Card, by 2019.
No one succeeds with low expectation goals like these. We the USA are 40th in mathematics in the world, and Tennessee is 35th-40th in the USA. We have to do better than be satisfied with being in the top HALF of Tennessee. We need people in management positions to set goals and objectives that are a stretch, AND KNOW HOW TO MANAGE TO ACHIEVE IT.

The average ACT composite score in Tennessee will be a 21 by 2020.
The ACT 21 goal was set about 15 years ago for 2020, and we are almost there in 2016. The way to get to a higher goal is with annual ACT objectives on the school districts and monthly GPA objectives on the schools that represent a little stretch, like 5-10% increase per year. The schools do not have specific objectives, yet they are producing the results. CREATE A COMPETITIVE ENVIRONMENT. I cannot believe that this is the guidance from the Tennessee Department of Education.

The majority of high school graduates from the class of 2020 will earn a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

We will accomplish these goals by maintaining the department's current emphasis on rigorous standards, aligned assessment, and strong accountability, and by focusing on five priority areas: early foundations and literacy, high school and bridge to postsecondary, all means all, educator support, and district empowerment. As part of this work, the department will continue to support the governor's goal of becoming the fastest improving state in the nation in raising teacher pay."




ACTION: Management experience is generally discounted in importance by elected school boards, because the board members do not have such training and experience on a scale needed. Not purposefully, they would just see some results not being good enough, but could not tell what caused it and what the solution is. Our elected boards cannot even set proper objectives and create professional operating plans. Superintendents are also likely to be experienced with much smaller organizations, and we wonder why our school results are poor. We are not blaming anyone. We blame the education system. We cannot just keep ignoring this. We would like to explain how some things work, that are management-related. We may help you with it right now.

***ACTION: If one worked in a small company with only 15-20 people, one may encounter some people problems, some misunderstandings, but one can be successful. If one is in charge of 200 people, and 15-20 times more customers, the situation will be completely different. There is a management exercise where six people stand next to each other 5-6 feet apart. The instructor whispers a message into the ear of the first of those six people, who whispers into the ear of the second person's ear the message he/she heard, until the message is whispered from the fifth person to the sixth. Next you compare what the first person whispered to what the last person thinks he/she received, and they are different. So communications has to become more precise and in writing about everything important in the larger organization.

***ACTION: The person heading the group will no longer have time to personally make sure that all things will get done with the quality required by the customer, the organizational and people problems will grow, communications from the top will change and will be reinterpreted as they pass through a couple of layers of management, the president and the management team has to ensure that all things are done legally, anticipating needs and planning projects will need to be done much more formally ensuring excellent execution, because "people do not do what you expect, but do what you inspect". People may or may not be different than their boss and they may interpret things differently then the boss, so written communication becomes much more important, written standards become more important, and the written policies about how we do things within the company become more important.

***ACTION: Some people produce excellent quality work, on time, every time. Generally they are the people who are an excellent fit for the job and coworkers, and they are happy in it. Some do not fit well. But if you keep changing them, people turnover is very expensive. It can easily cost 6-18 months (more for mid-to-top level managers) of salary because it took time for the performance to decline and become a terminal case, for the manager or employee to decide that the job and employee are not a good match. A company of 200 people will not be investing $500-$1,000 dollars in testing the employee and his/her background to ensure that they hired the right person. Then you hire the person and some jobs can take a year or more of experience just to adjust to the ways the company works and does business. It is the management training that allows one to eliminate such problems or to provide methods for excellent, trouble free performance - TO GET THE MORE COMPLEX THINGS DONE, INCLUDING THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE RIGHT OBJECTIVES WITH PROFESSIONALLY CREATED OPERATING PLANS. Without these nothing will happen or improve, and morale may sink in the area that produces the company results, e.g., in the classrooms of a school district with the teachers.

*** ACTION: That was a very simplified description of what happens in a 200 person organization. The complexity of management problems increases with the number of employees in the organization. At 9,000 employees, things get much more complex, and without management training or guidance good results become "impossible" and politics enter the game instead of good performance. People do not recognize the problem, and produce worse results than they could with a little bit of management know-how. Unfortunately, such problems are many in school districts, hence the poor results.


This is where poor performance starts. Based on each objective that follows below, how can you tell what is needed, quantity or quality required, and by what kind of person and when. These objectives sound good, but they are unmeasurable, so anyone, based on their opinion, could decide if they were achieved or not. These objectives are unmeasurable, unrealistic, and unclear. These objectives do not measure anything that the curriculum includes, and that by itself disqualifies them as objectives.


Success Academy Schools is achieving top one percent results with poor, inner city black children in New York City, beating even many private schools. They raise the children's expectations from grade one on, by referring to them as scholars of the year in which they will graduate from college. Every child believes that they WILL go to college and will achieve great things, and every teacher reinforces this. It is a fantastic way to motivate kids.


Because they are not measurable or specific, or not the key indicator of success through K-12 schooling. Board members many times describe great personal qualities or meaningless qualities or nice personal characteristics, but neither of those can be measured for achievement, and they have nothing to do with school achievement, so they cannot be an objective for a public school district.

"Knox County Schools (Tennessee) will provide an educational program designed to help each student to be college and career ready upon graduation from high school. Through implementation of the Tennessee State Standards, students will be able to:

  • Read a variety of complex text, both literary and informational, to build knowledge, gain insights, explore possibilities and broaden their perspective;
  • Communicate complex information in a clear and articulate manner using effective oral, written and media skills;
  • Develop conceptual understanding, procedural skill and fluency, and application skills in mathematics and science to solve complex real world issues and problems;
  • Participate effectively in civic life with a solid understanding of world geography, economics, history and finance;
  • Develop positive habits that support good physical, mental, social and emotional well-being;
  • Appreciate and participate in the arts;
  • Pursue the acquisition of world languages;
  • Effectively use current and emerging technologies to access, manage and create information;"
  • Think creatively and work collaboratively with others;
  • Demonstrate flexibility, adaptability, initiative and self-direction;
  • Demonstrate a commitment to lifelong learning and personal excellence; and
  • Develop the 21st century skills necessary for a successful transition to college and/or career.

Many of the above are good skills/traits, but they are not objectives for a school district. Can one describe how to measure them without bias, what each of them is, how to achieve them, how to tell when each is achieved and how well it is achieved (how does one measure progress toward achievement)? The above examples indicate that management does not understand why objectives and operating plans are necessary for achievement. Objectives must be a 1. key indicator of success, and 2. be measurable.

How do you know what you need to do competitively if you know nothing about the high performers and how they are achieving their good results? The world has changed a long time ago, and because we know nothing about where we should be, we are in the gutter ruining most of the children's lives through our public schools. Most of our public schools are "FAILURE FACTORIES" unfortunately. Just look in the graph at the beginning that shows a list of high schools and the high percentage of graduates who are NOT ACT Ready.
Those poor children will not be employable long.

Go here to see more objectives that did not work for obvious reasons. It appears that both in school districts and in state education departments, management does not know well enough how objectives and operating plans work and when they do not work.


Important actions and questions when interviewing superintendent candidates

If one is 40th in the world, with others moving forward faster than you, it would take forever to catch up. So the best way to improve one's position is to visit the competitors, study how they are achieving superior results, and implement and use their superior methodologies. Educational methodologies and practices are free from legal problems, if what one is learning to copy and one learns from the other countries' education system.

ACTION: One has to be honest about performance history, and pick new candidates who have delivered significantly better ACT results than what we have delivered. This principle must not be violated. Take ownership of the fact that Knox County, TN (as an example, but consider your county), consistently picked poor superintendents with insufficient management training and experience, AND delivered poor results. It is not a good idea to celebrate in public the arrival of a new superintendent for 3-4 years as Knox County, TN did the last time in 2008, especially when no one checked his background. We celebrated the arrival of a new superintendent for 3-4 years, calling him a Miracle Maker without knowing that he will do well or not. He did not do well. Yet it was known from the start that he never even managed a single school, and was not management trained, when our opportunity required the management of more than 80 schools with more than 8,000 employees. The qualification mismatch created many conflicts around him. These are the most important indicators about what you will actually get. Most board members never paid attention to such indicators and picked the wrong candidate EVERY SINGLE TIME, because the board selection committee was inexperienced in several important topics, like interviewing skills for a CEO for a 9,000 employee organization, or recognizing every year that the ACT results were poor.

***ACTION: The management skills (e.g., having a successful principal who delivered excellent ACT results as a superintendent candidate) are very important for small organizations up to about 100 employees, but management training and experience becomes key to success as an organization grows beyond 100 employees. We have close to 9,000 employees at Knox County Schools, and we have never picked a superintendent who had at least 5 successful years with increasing performance, with at least one-third as large organization as the new organization will be. So the people-management skills were totally missing, and so was the knowledge required to improve the key indicator of success, the ACT score, for the school district. They will keep selecting failing superintendents unless they pay attention to picking someone who managed a school district that was greater than 3,000 employees and delivered growing ACT performance that was always above the Knox County Schools performance. Ignoring these important elements will continue the same poor trend: picking an unsatisfactory performer.

***ACTION: If one picked ineffective superintendents with poor ACT results every time, and one keeps selecting a new one the same way, a poor performer will be picked again, and you will get political games in behavior instead of good results for our children. That is exactly what we have been doing.

***ACTION: A good candidate already examined the organization before the first interview. Ask him/her about what she found about our strengths and weaknesses and what we need to do in detail to improve. If they cannot answer, we have the wrong candidate.

***ACTION: A good candidate will be very relaxed and will not get upset about any question you ask. Don't hesitate to test that.

***ACTION: Prepare the candidate's ACT/ACT Readiness record for the last five years. Has he delivered at least 0.5 point higher steadily improving average ACT result for each of five years than we did, in a school organization with at least 3,000 employees? For example, the Hamblen County candidate's school district ACT performance was significantly below ours. How on earth will he be able to do better for us? Also, do not bother with any candidate who changed jobs every four years or less. Superintendents have minimum job durations around three and a half years. Unfortunately, there are not too many out there who are good and looking for a job. I wonder if anyone looked up the ACT performance for the candidate to be interviewed. If good candidates are available, don't waste your time on a candidate who was not a superintendent or director of schools, or had less than 20 schools under him/her. That is the most important question.


Our own past performance tells us that we never picked such a candidate before because the selectors did not have the training and experience on the management side to recognize the importance of this fact, and if recruiting firms were used, the results were less than ideal. The above example about objectives or goals the Knox County Schools and our results indicate that no one on the board and no interim or permanent superintendent was or is schooled AND experienced in managing more than 100 employees with success. If they did, then we would see suitable objectives, operating plans, and far better results. ONE CAN SUCCEED ONLY IF ONE OPENLY RECOGNIZES "IN PUBLIC" ONE'S OWN SHORTCOMINGS AND WHAT HE/SHE DOES NOT KNOW, AND THEN TAKES ACTION TO CORRECT THOSE SHORTCOMINGS.

***ACTION: Do not be in a hurry to hire. If you do not have a good candidate, continue searching.

***ACTION: An external candidate always looks better because we know very little about him/her. On the other hand, we know about all warts that an internal candidate has. That is very good because you get no surprises. The key thing is to listen carefully to the internal candidate's idea about what needs to be done to raise our bad results.

***ACTION: One can do a quick background check about any person's public record at

***ACTION: Talk to his/her references, and find out if they know others who are familiar with the candidate? Call these "secondary" references to find out about what the candidate's successes were, and in what areas the candidate needs a little help to become more effective?

***ACTION: What mistakes has the candidate made during each of the last three years, and what did the candidate do about them?

***ACTION: Has he/she managed an organization for at least 5 years that has at least half as many employees as the new organization has, and managed it with good results? Our organization is about 9,000 employees, and having managed successfully for 5 years minimum one third as many employees is a suitable prerequisite.

  • ***ACTION: The management part of a job becomes far more challenging after having managed at minimum a 100 employee organization, and increases in difficulty as the number of employees increased.
  • ***ACTION: Unfortunately if someone did not manage a hundred employees in a growing organization and did not have management training, they would not understand this problem as well as someone with experience managing 100 or more employees.
  • ***ACTION: The management training and experience with at least a 3,000 employee organization for five successful years is also vitally important. Those who did not have such experience may not understand the importance of this question, although it is the most important question in an organization of this size.
  • ***ACTION: Teaching experience, AND having been a principal of a school for at least 5 years WITH EXCELLENT RESULTS EVERY YEAR, are also useful experiences if the candidate did well, and such experience should be present.
  • ***ACTION: But the management experience in an organization that has 9,000 employees is far more important. Those who do not have management experience with successful results in any of these areas, will not do well. If anyone claims two years of successful experience in this area, it is too short to be meaningful. If someone claims five years of experience, with poor results, do not hire that person.
  • ACTION: If one does not check a candidate's background, then let such person work for your competitor and not for you. Unfortunately, in education, such people are everywhere, in important positions - doing a poor job.
We hope that Leroy in the above picture will not be the selected superintendent. never know. We had some Leroys in the past and so did many other school districts.


The answer:


1. By giving children a much better education than what we provide today. It is not possible that 75-93% of a graduating class is too stupid to learn.

2. By lying to the public as in printing everywhere "Excellence for all children!" and by the superintendent (J.M.) telling the public that "we are doing well, a strong B average" when neither claim is even close to the truth.

3. By having a PR/Communication group within the school district that publishes positive stories about the schools, detracting from the ACT scores that tells us the truth. At one time, the school district under superintendent J.M. had nine full-time professional PR people.


***ACTION: Employers have been complaining about the poor quality of high school graduates for more than ten years, and our leaders did nothing to improve the ACT scores. What is a fact is that close to 80% of our children, who are unprepared for life, are the product of our public schools, and that our education system is not good enough and must improve rapidly. It appears that our state and school district management does not feel that our teachers and schools need to improve, because they graduate 80% of the children who are not prepared.

ACTION: Many excellent tutorial programs are available from Internet sources, like YouTube, or the Learning Company or the Khan Academy. They are designed to hold the child's or adult's interest and some are the lectures/presentations from the best professors and teachers nationally. Tutorials in any subject could be very helpful to student or teacher alike. They could be incorporated into the teaching and learning programs in all subjects we teach in primary and secondary schools, except sports. The best company in this area appears to be the Khan Academy. Google them. They cover every subject from preschool to high school graduation. They also have a collection of impressive tutorial programs for teachers to help them accomplish more in less time. For those in education management, read here what the best education systems are doing in the world differently. How many teachers and education system employees read and used in the past the tools presented here? Sadly, very few. Unfortunately most of us unless we are old enough, feel that we know everything, although we have very limited education and experience. Too many people are not interested in learning, a product of dumbing down for close to 50 years. School board members are not an exception. It is not their problem. It is the problem of old laws, and the state education departments whose senior staff is neither schooled nor experienced in management to be able to provide needed guide lines.

***ACTION: Your child is your child. He or she is not an adult. You, the parents are the decision makers at home. The teachers are the decision makers in school. There needs to be zero tolerance of bad behavior in school. The schools are NOT the providers of baby sitting services. The children's future job and income will depend significantly on how much they have learned in high school. Make sure that they work hard.


***ACTION: A drop in our education since 1970 must have effected job readiness for a large number of vocations. The only thing that can increase employment and earning-ability is a much higher education level. We have more than three million open jobs because our employers cannot find suitable educated candidates. The deterioration of our primary and secondary public education is turning into a very poor investment of millions of our tax dollars. But that is not all the damage. There is a lifetime loss of income that could be associated with the dumbing down of the public, that could be extremely damaging financially, all because public education has been mismanaged.

***ACTION: New technologies eliminate many low-end jobs, and open up many new jobs with better pay. The new jobs require more education. In 2016 we had 3.5 million jobs that employers could not fill because our high school performance was/is very poor. Poor education decreases income and leads to poverty. Too many public schools are "failure factories", that do not train our children well enough for jobs.

Increasing education is the only way out of poverty. However, poor education is the best way into poverty. Since 1970, our public education declined. That in turn increased poverty and spending to attempt to maintain our living standards.

***ACTION: The right education must be completed first, before we can expect to get a job. Income will depend on the education one gets. Low end jobs with a high school diploma will be replaced by robotics. By 2020, a number of jobs will also go to robotics, e.g., in healthcare, accounting and others. During our life, continuing education with higher degrees will be the only way of life in the future. Continuing education does not mean additional degrees. It means additional knowledge obtained by any means.

***ACTION: Children's success with education depends the most on how well teachers are suited for teaching as a career, how well they are educated and kept up to date about the subject they teach and with improvements in teaching methodologies included. Teachers must be excellent motivators, which means that they cannot be struggling with low morale as they do today. School district management must be much better trained in management of people, to resolve teacher problems that exist today.


ACTION: And now please look at the percentage of graduates from each of the Knox County, Tennessee public high schools who are ACT Ready and the percentage who are not ACT Ready. Remember that ACT Readiness means only a 50-75% chance to finish ONLY the first year of a tech/vocational program or a college program. This excludes even the first year of science or engineering programs in colleges because they have a much higher ACT mathematics score requirement than the ACT Readiness benchmark's math requirement. Those who are not ACT Ready, will not be employable longer than a few years with the following.

***ACTION: Looking at the charts on the left and above, the ACT Readiness percentage is very low for those who graduated with a diploma. We are pushing children to graduate instead of being properly educated for the work place or college. Isn't that foolish? It is not what parents want. Parents want 100% graduates with a diploma, all of whom are ACT Ready. Only foolish people would say "90% graduated AND 27% of them are ready for job training or further schooling, but 73% are not ready but maybe they will get a minimum wage job." So four out of five children graduate not ready today. However, the ACT Readiness of African American students is extremely poor, only one or two is prepared out of fifty. THIS IS A DISASTER. Note that a charter school chain in NYC called Success Academy Schools, that started in Harlem in 2006, with 41 schools as of 2016, is achieving a TOP ONE PERCENT result in the NY State Common Core Tests in mathematics, WITH POOR, INNER CITY AFRICAN AMERICAN AND HISPANIC CHILDREN. THEY ARE PASSING EVEN MOST PRIVATE SCHOOLS! At the same time, we are getting a bottom 2-5% ACT Readiness result only in our public schools for African American and Hispanic children. IT IS POSSIBLE TO PROVIDE FAR BETTER RESULTS THAN WHAT WE ARE ACHIEVING IN OUR PUBLIC SCHOOLS. IT CAN BE DONE, IF THE BOARD OF EDUCATION VISITS THEM TO FIND OUT WHAT THE HIGH PERFORMERS ARE DOING TO ACHIEVE HIGH RESULTS. Success Academy Schools have a zero discipline-problem policy. Teachers have excellent benefits and compensation, and expected to do a good job. Some parents don't like the "zero discipline-problem policy".



***ACTION: A minority of teachers do not like the work-related expectations. We would humbly suggest that you cannot have excellent results with children who are a discipline problem, who disturb all children in a class, and you cannot have success without teachers who have been well trained in the subject they teach, who work hard, AND LEARN ALL THE TIME ABOUT HIGH PERFORMING COMPETITORS, BECAUSE THEY ENJOY AND WANT TO BE AN EXCELLENT TEACHER. Our board of education members (mostly teachers in Knox County, Tennessee in 2017) do not even want to visit the Success Academy Schools to find out why they are getting a top one percent result, because those who produce the bottom 2-5% ACT Readiness result (the Knox County, Tennessee school board) feel that they will learn nothing that could improve their dismal 2-5% ACT Readiness with black students! And we just touched on the biggest problem with our public school performance: most teacher training is poor (at the US university level), when our universities tend to be one of the best in the world in most subject areas. Teachers are not matched to the profession and lack of supporting a "zero tolerance for discipline-problems" policy, that must be there for good results. More details later.

***ACTION: According to ACT, nationally 74% of graduating high school students, among them 95% of the African American students, were not prepared in 2016 but for close to minimum wage jobs that robots will replace in a few years. IS THAT ACCEPTABLE? In NYC a school chain is getting top one percent results with poor, African American inner city children! We could do much better if the elected boards uniformly acted using the same standards to achieve the kind of results that we should have. In Tennessee the state goal for more than a dozen years was to reach an average ACT score of 21, by 2020!! The ACT Readiness percentage of graduating students at ACT 21 is around 25% only, with 75% not ready. That's no improvement. Just look at the chart. Such a "no improvement", very low goal means that the management has no idea what to do to improve. Our children's education is out of control in public schools, but the education districts through the newspapers tell the public that "we are doing fine, but there is room for improvement." If you live in another state, you are not much better. I fear the time when soon we will have to deal with too many jobless young people, and the public will discover that they were fed lies by the education district, while poorly educating our children for which we, the public paid many billions of dollars.

We are forgetting what happened to the public since 1970 and forgetting that we fell all the way to 40th place in the world, weakening our work force, the general knowledge of our population, our products and services. We are getting dumbed down by the public education system, for which WE, the public, paid and pay.

***ACTION: Our national income dropped as a result to a "break even level" for about ten years we are told. Not quite. The national debt rose at the same time to more than twenty trillion dollars as of 2017. Let me see if I understand this in very simple terms. We keep spending as long as we have some money. Unfortunately we kept spending on the wrong things, not on things to ensure a good future national income, LIKE MAKING PUBLIC SCHOOLING EXCELLENT. Our public schools kept producing poor results while spending many billions of dollars. The education departments and school districts were and still are telling us at the same time how well they are doing. The majority of high school graduates can get only minimum wage jobs for a short time. McDonald's piloting of robot solutions showed customer preference for communicating with the robot more clearly, the robot could "upsell" the customer, AND robots did a better job for less money, increasing net income almost 20%. Not a problem! We did not and do not stop spending on things that do not improve education. We "borrow" money (using Treasury instruments to sell the debt), because our tax income is poor, and increasing taxes when we are the highest in corporate taxes in the world, a very bad move. What we "borrow" becomes "The National Debt". It is about $20 TRILLION now in early 2017. It is so high that we had to pay over $258 billion dollars in interest on it in 2016 (that's $167,000 per tax payer!!) the national debt interest is payable FOREVER at our current interest rate that was 6% in 2016. Just imagine what we could do with $258 billion, instead of paying interest to countries FOREVER every year who purchased our debt (or "loaned us the money"), with China and Japan being the biggest. The interest rate is too low and it is likely to increase. The national debt is also likely to increase more, in order to strengthen national income-producing activities and our weakened military.

***ACTION: The elected board members' great majority doesn't know (and the state's education department does not provide or also doesn't know):

  • where we stand vs. the best international competitors,
  • what the higher performers do differently than us and why
  • ,
  • how to hire the right superintendent for a school district with 200-10,000 employees (a medium to huge management job), who knows how to increase our poor results because he/she was educated for it and has done it for minimum five years
  • ,
  • how to set objectives that work,
  • how to prepare operating plans that work,
  • how to improve teaching methodologies,
  • how to keep employee morale high and do all of it by facing and telling the truth.

Elected board members get paid for it, e.g., $25K/year in Knox County, Tennessee. They do not want to or do not even think of learning what the high performing school systems do differently worldwide to get better results, and are not even willing to visit a much higher performing school in New York City to learn how they achieve their fabulous results. By doing so, they have been throwing most of our children under the bus, with very few exceptions. For the average ACT score of 21 in Tennessee, a state goal for more than a dozen years, if reached, we would get 74% of our high school graduates plus 5% dropouts not being prepared by their school system to be trained for a job, for which us, tax payers, paid $10,000-$12,000 per year for each and every student. HOW CAN A GOVERNOR ACCEPT SUCH A LOW ACT SCORE OBJECTIVE LIKE 21, FROM THE STATE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT THAT GUARANTEES 79% OF THOSE WHO ENTERED HIGH SCHOOL NOT PREPARED TO BE EMPLOYED?! That is a lot of money, for which we must and should get better results.

"All truths are easy to understand once they are discovered. The point is to discover them."

Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer & physicist (1564 - 1642)

ACTION: There are too many tests. Some measure correctly (ACT, SAT, NAEP, and OECD-PISA internationally), and some show better grades for public consumption (the state tests that are dumbed down with Cut Scores or because they are easier). ACT checks its scores against what the tested high school student achieved a few years after graduation and adjusts its ACT Readiness benchmarks if needed. Their scores and Readiness percentages are accurate. Because the emphasis is on graduating as many children as possible instead of emphasis on academic achievement, we do have a problem with grades being changed for the better by teachers, principals and support for the same by their Central Management. This problem could be solved if the test is taken on a computer under a program that does not allow changing of grades without identification of the person who authorized the grade change (Examples).

***ACTION: We graduate close to 90% of those students who entered 9th grade in high school. Only 26% of our public high school graduates (and ONLY 5% of black students!) were "ACT ready" nationally in 2015 for training to go beyond a minimum wage job. The necessity to graduate more children is discussed at board meetings. Teachers have been mysteriously instructed from "above" to change grades so that some students who would fail, actually move on to graduate. The educational performance, the ACT results were and are terrible, because state set average ACT goal of only 21 (equals 24-27% ACT Readiness only). It should be an average ACT score of 25 or above (80% ACT readiness). In twelve years we never heard of any board meetings where increasing the ACT scores, and what we need to do to achieve that was discussed, and a plan was agreed upon to do so. Most of these poor students will be replaced by robots within a few years. As an example, in Knox County, Tennessee, the board members are paid $20,000 salary plus $5,000 for expenses and car allowance every year, but they never have time for discussing how to improve the poor ACT scores. Their results are worse than the above results. The public is not informed about this fact. They just pay for the poor education with their hard-earned money in taxes. We were one of the top performers worldwide in 1970. What we see today, the poor performance, the lack of relevant knowledge and interest by elected board members, the state education department or governors to correct the poor academic performance by taking steps to increase what counts, the ACT scores, is revolting. Although we became the fifth highest spender in the world per student by 2015, we, the USA, dropped to 40th place in mathematics that our public schools delivered (2016 OECD PISA tests). Some states like Tennessee, our example, are worse than that.

All governors and many locally elected boards and superintendents started programs that "will improve education" with additional spending of many millions of dollars, all state tests were made easier to qualify for federal funding (No Child Left Behind Act) and a big effort is made to date to identify learning disabled and children of poverty, because the school district can increase the federal cash they receive for such students. School districts also proposed programs that would permanently increase the school districts' budget annually under the law. No governor of either party stopped the aggressively growing education spending in 46 years or started increasing ACT or SAT scores, that went nowhere! The old education laws gave (and give today) all management decision-making to the elected school district boards in every state along with a guarantee for them to receive at least as much funding as they received in the prior year, regardless of performance. The old education laws that no longer work were not amended. There are approximately 14,500 school districts in the USA, all doing their own thing, but very few who do it well. The requirement to be elected to them is a high school diploma only. Central management is bloated compared to what is defined by two authorities and presented (below). What appears to be motivating school districts is to increase the money they can spend any way possible, then push the students through each grade qualified or not, so that they can graduate 90% - with readiness for job training or further education of only 27% of those who were given a diploma!! The remaining 73%, plus those who attended but did not graduate, plus those who dropped out will be replaced by robots before 2020. Obviously our school districts are interested in money (we became the 5th largest spender per student in the world), and are not interested in the knowledge they teach our children (that is why we just dropped to 40th place in the world). We did not improve the schools; we did an excellent job developing FAILURE FACTORIES.

One of the latest programs to improve the education of our children is a free additional two-year college education program. Remember that children learn and pickup all kinds of behaviors and habits as they increase their brain capacity during pre-school and the following 12 years of education. Without correcting the elementary and high school education, many children finished with limited knowledge below what they should have for high school graduation, bad attitude, bad ideas like a feeling of entitlement, and they learned all that in their FORMATIVE years. Two years of additional education cannot correct the formative years' behavior problems and poor study habits, but it may provide almost enough remedial training to improve the odds for a job short-term. Since it would be a miracle to educate those children who did a poor job in high school, it will provide a limited benefit, but at a very high price.

To get a full benefit, the money should go to fixing the pre-school, elementary and high school education itself, make it competitive with the best internationals, such that we graduate from high school better educated children, including a good attitude toward work. Then consider a remedial program for those who finished high school previously. Putting only a "band aid" on mistakes after the fact is never a good and efficient solution. THE BIG QUESTION IS: WHY ARE WE NOT FIXING THE MANY FAILURE FACTORIES, CALLED PUBLIC SCHOOLS?

CHARTER SCHOOLS AND VOUCHERS. Charter Schools are also public schools. They are less restricted by state and federal laws than traditional public schools. However, many are forced into a working relationship with the low performing traditional public school districts. Any such connection should be avoided. Public schools have an elected board. Charter schools have an appointed board and that can be an advantage. The need for these measures arose because the public school performance was/is dismal and over several decades they were not corrected. Private schools produce an 85-99% ACT Readiness. Public schools produced a 0-50% ACT Readiness of those who graduated. Charter schools had very mixed results but improving during the past twenty years. Of the top three high schools in the nation, two are charter schools. Some but very few charter schools can perform better than most private schools (Success Academy Schools, New York City, 42 schools in 2017 for poor black inner city children with top one percent results!). Their teachers, and superintendents come from poorly performing public education, with teacher training that is less than what the top international school systems are doing (Master's in the subject they will teach, psychological tests to match them to the teaching position, more graduate level training on learning disability diagnoses and the latest about teaching methodologies - before they start teaching in a few high performing countries). The only thing that will remove the need for charter schools and vouchers, is public schools who exceed charter school performance and deliver 80% ACT Ready graduates instead of just 25-27%. What will remove public schools is the good charter schools, vouchers, home schooling that produce much better results on the ACT and SAT tests than the public schools do.

Mathematics in art: The Fibonacci Curve, is one of the most frequently encountered curve lines in famous pieces of art, in architecture as well as in nature, or in astronomy. It captures the human brain through the visual cortex and causes a pleasant reaction whereever it is recognized. Fibonacci was a 12th Century mathematician, but the curve was used in art for many centuries before him.


PAY VERY CLOSE ATTENTION TO WHAT FOLLOWS. So far what we see is expenses skyrocketing yet the ACT or SAT education results, the only annual tests that shows what children have learned, did not go anywhere in 46 years, but our international competitors improved significantly as we are about to see below. We dropped in high school mathematics to 40th place in 2016 of 73 nations, from the top in 1970.

The state-set performance requirements for schools are too low. That is an average ACT score of 21, that produces upon graduation only 25% of those who earned a diploma minimally ready. The state does not have appropriate objectives and operating plans to reach a 21 ACT score, so they could not reach it now for more than a dozen years. When the objective is too low to motivate or wrong, one cannot stop the poor escalating performance. It is like chasing a big bolder downhill on a mountainside. Most such children would not be accepted by employers if they graduated. Those children who do not want to work or are a discipline problem, should attend different classes or handed back to the parents so that our teachers have a chance to produce better results. We must change being a baby sitting service, and create excellent ACT scores instead.

Why do we allow public schools to exist without closing them if more than 50% of their students with a high school diploma are not even prepared to be trained for a job?! WHY DO WE GIVE STUDENTS WHO ARE NOT READY A HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA?


Why do we make excuses for such poorly performing public schools instead of making changes to improve their results? If a superintendent cannot make such changes within a couple of years, one needs a different superintendent, instead of letting hundreds of children become not educated well enough to survive.

We hear objections against "corporate ideas" in education, but no one can explain what these are. It would be better if public schools and leadership worried more about their results and improved them. What corporate ideas are detrimental to education achievement? We must try systems that we have not tried to improve education. If one is against something, then offer a better idea!

Many different schools and programs offer higher ACT READINESS than most public schools. Why should not the public, who pay for public schools via taxes, be able to choose a different school such that their child will succeed instead of having to attend a poorly performing school? If you don't like such choices, do something to make sure that the public schools perform better. Why should anyone support schools that prepare our children so poorly that the great majority, as much as 95% of the students, are likely to become homeless? We pay more than twice for more than a decade per student in the poorly performing schools without any improvement, than what the good schools spend per student. Is that good management of the people's money? If something does not work for two years, the money is not being spent in the right places, or the goals, objectives and operating plans are absent or wrong. If it does not work after two changes, then you have the wrong superintendent.


For almost 50 years, as the CATO study showed, our primary and secondary education deteriorated. The school districts kept delivering good news to the public, as one by one 39 countries went past us as we dropped to 40 place, the bottom of the international countries. During all that time we just kept spending more money per student and today we are the fifth highest spender per student, delivering poor results. That means that we became accustomed to the poor performance and we do not even see that when the result of such poor performance is loss of competitiveness with barely breaking even as a nation in national income for the past ten years. So we turned to debt and set an enormous record by driving our national debt to $20 trillion dollars.

We must become more competitive, and start rising again in the national rankings. Today, our education is so bad that 74% of our high school graduates will not be able to exist financially and cannot compete with robots and more and more countries as a result.

For several decades now, our strategy became one where we simply throw more money at a problem - and the problem does not get solved. We have been pouring more and more money into low performing schools, two and a half times as much per student as the better performing students get. And for decades, such extra spending did not create a change for the better. Why? Because we did not change the way we actually run our schools, teacher subject knowledge and teaching methodology and the way we handle student behavior that interferes with teaching and learning.

It is good to see that some principals managed to turn around their schools. We should be able to learn a few good lessons from them. But we as a nation must do better and get back among the top ten nations in high school math, where we used to be four decades ago.

References: A list of schools that were turned around, and how their principals did it.

Mathematics in art: The Fibonacci Curve, is one of the most important curve lines in famous pieces of art, in architecture as well as in nature, and in astronomy. The curve is superimposed on a galaxy that is about 100,000,000,000 light-years in diameter with as many solar systems within it that have planets. Today we can conclude that we have about 100,000,000,000 such galaxies in the universe. There are an infinite number of very interesting things out there that all of humanity could benefit from, requiring many highly educated people in related jobs - instead of fighting, killing each other and living in poverty.


The knowledge of high school graduates depends significantly on the standards a country sets. Many of the foreign countries teach more under the same subject heading than we do. A parent told us that their two boys went to two different high schools in Knox County, Tennessee. They took the same courses, but in one school they covered much more material in the same course than in the other school. I sat in on 16 math and science courses. The teachers' subject knowledge, teaching skill and ability to motivate students from preschool to high school graduation needs to improve. Teachers told us that a student went to the rest room and when returned, threw feces at the teacher. The punishment was for the parent to take the offender home only for one night, and the offender was back in class the next day. Unbelievable. We, the U.S., dropped to 40th place internationally in mathematics. We need to improve significantly. The quality of our work force depends on the quality AND amount of K-12 education. The quality and competitiveness of our products and services depend on the quality of our work force in all of our industries. Our national income depends on the quality and competitiveness of our products and services in a domestic and international market place. Our national income depends to a great extent on the quality, education, and subject knowledge of teachers, and their ability to communicate with and motivate students. Isn't it obvious that we should be comparing our high school output to the best performing countries in the world and the way we teach and manage education to the best international competitors? Instead we always compare against our own poor 40th performance in the world. Our fourteen thousand different elected school boards set objectives that cannot be measured, but no problem! They do their own performance reviews. No wonder that the results are so poor, as we are graduating more and more students each year. Isn't it a necessity to be competitive worldwide today with our high school results, since our industries depend on our high school graduates in order to compete with the best worldwide? Why don't we visit the high performing internationals to find out how they achieve excellent results but we do not? Why don't we learn from them and then make some changes? Read about one of the best, Finland's education system.


"When dealing with people, let us remember we are not dealing with creatures of logic. We are dealing with creatures of emotion, creatures bustling with prejudices and motivated by pride and vanity".
Dale Carnegie

Technology like video conferencing, the Internet, airplanes made almost every country easily reachable in the last few decades. The world has become "smaller". Anyone can sell in any country products or services that can meet local requirements, and we compete against products or services from other countries here in the US. A worldwide competitive product or service must ensure that it has a well-trained work force that is better than its competitors worldwide. The competence of the work force depends on how well educated they were coming out of high school and how much they improved after that in additional schooling and years of experience. We were on top in 1970, but in mathematics we dropped to 40th by 2015 internationally of 15-year-olds of 73 countries (OECD PISA). According to the 2014 World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report on 149 nations, the USA is:
  • 41st in Quality of Primary Education, and
  • 66th in Primary Education Enrollment Rate. We do not educate all of our children as some claim, but a list of countries do.
  • 49th in the Quality of Math and Science Education,
  • 49th in Secondary Education Enrollment Rate,
  • 18th with Internet Access in Schools,
  • 12th in Extent of Staff Training (teachers),
  • 9th in the world in grade 4 mathematics (but becoming 40th by the end of high school!), (TIMSS - Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study given every four years),
  • 12th in grade 8 (TIMSS) math of 49 nations and
  • The fifth highest spender per student in 2013 of 65 nations.

These are the latest figures as of 2016. The big challenge for the USA is high school performance where we are 40th (OECD PISA) of 73 countries or 49th of 149 countries (World Economic Forum) in the world. WHY IS IT THAT WE DID NOT TAKE ACTION TO CORRECT OUR SHORTCOMINGS IN EDUCATING OUR CHILDREN DURING THE PAST 46 YEARS SUCH THAT THE ACT AND SAT SCORES CONFIRMED SUCH ACTION'S EFFECTIVENESS?

Hong Kong, Macao, Shanghai, South Korea, Taiwan and Japan methodologies may not be culturally transferable to the USA, because the high achievement is the result of parental pressure, e.g., homework until midnight, and getting on the train to school by 6 AM. In addition, Shanghai tests and admits only the highest performing students into its public schools.

The graph below provides an international view of expenses per student per country. The US is one of the highest spenders, but unfortunately, our performance is poor. THAT MEANS THAT THE MONEY IS NOT SPENT IN THE RIGHT PLACES.

Delegation of responsibilities does not mean that we can turn our back on it by trusting the individual to whom we delegated. "Trust but verify." - said President Ronald Reagan. Many elected board of education members, nationwide, don't know what ACT or SAT scores mean, and they believe what the superintendent says without knowing if it is fact or not. They certainly could not "inspect" how a school district is doing on a monthly basis, since there are no monthly measurable academic objectives in our public schools EVERYWHERE, AND THEY ARE PRODUCING THE RESULTS. In some countries like Finland, teachers are more educated, the teaching methodology is different and much better than in the US, and a teacher knows exactly how each of his/her student is doing DAILY as accurately as with a test. If a student is slow, extra help is provided immediately. Therefore no testing is required. Our education board members could inspect the ACT (or SAT) scores annually and insist on them improving, but most do not even do that.

ACT tests 64% of our children nationally as of 2016. Their 2016 results show that 74% of high school graduates nationally are not prepared for higher level education and future training for employment - they are not ACT READY. In Tennessee the ACT scores increased slightly, because the state allowed students to retake the ACT a second time. Making it even worse, many of them have bad work attitude, a feeling of entitlement regardless of how well or poorly they do their job, they are depressed, no ambition, in addition to poor English communication and science knowledge and don't even know basic math.

It is not enough to demand jobs, if people during their young days are not willing to work hard in our schools and learn what employers need. Just look at the very poor ACT results of Tennessee and its Knox County below.

One cannot ignore the impact of robotic automation from 2016 on ACT Readiness. Robots will increase the qualifications needed for the jobs that remain, hence the importance of much more science and mathematics knowledge and higher student achievement that will be needed from those graduating from high school. This will become necessary to remain trainable for frequent job changes to higher level vocations, because the lower level jobs will be replaced by automation.

If you are not certain about what ACT readiness means, please click on the following and read it: Explanation of ACT scores and ACT Readiness

Take a good look at the above chart results if you were an elected board member at the time in this school district. The NOT ACT Ready percentage of diplomas indicate how many students of those who graduated WILL NOT be prepared for the first year only of a tech/vocational school or college and pursue any science or engineering related course. What we have is a very high failure rate that we call "NOT ACT Ready" based on those students who already earned a diploma and graduated high school. There is another version of NOT ACT Ready, that is based on all those who entered high school in grade nine. Increasing the ACT scores to improve the poor results is the most important task of an education board in our opinion, yet this problem is not discussed and a plan of action is not created at education board meetings to do so. Approving spending bills is a large part of every board meeting. Do you really think that these were good results? The superintendent worked for you, the board. You gave yourselves, the board, and the superintendent good performance reviews for these results every year. About 80% of the graduating children, including 98% of black children, are and will be having a terrible life because you did nothing to ensure better results as board members. A school-chain called Success Academy Schools in NYC is achieving top one percent results with poor, inner city black children, passing even most private schools in New York State. New York State is the 5th best performing state in the US. As a board member in Knox County, Tennessee, you are paid $20,000 annually, plus another $5,000 to cover expenses and a car allowance in Knox County, Tennessee. Yet board members cannot afford to go and visit Success Academy Schools in NYC to find out how they are achieving those high results with poor, inner city black children when black children in Tennessee achieve only a 2% acceptable result? Something is very wrong here with public education. Such inaction about educational performance is building a powder keg that will blow sky high. The low national income cannot support the amount of social services in welfare that our very high percentage of those not ACT ready (74% nationally plus dropouts) put on the street with the help of robotics that replace them.

The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing!!"
Edmund Burke, Irish statesman, 1776

The chart above shows the Knox County, Tennessee school district's annual results and ACT readiness. Look at the high percentage of high school graduates who are "Not ACT Ready". These are terrible results for the county, but the state is even worse! Yet no one does anything about it. The school board gave itself and the superintendent excellent performance reviews every year based on these results. Yes, they all set their own objectives and then performance reviewed themselves every year. See ACT scores and readiness explained. Those not ACT Ready are trainable only for close to minimum wage jobs that will not last long. Unfortunately such jobs are beginning to be replaced by robotics in 2016 and virtually all will be replaced by 2020. Please read this area about robotics. Robotics will make success increasingly more difficult for ACT Ready high school graduates to succeed and impossible for those not ACT Ready. The only path to reasonable success between now and 2020 is to have students take two more science and math courses beyond the core curriculum, initiate an excellent preschool program for all, and strengthen primary school performance without rewarding earlier graduates.

The chart below shows the poor ACT readiness within each high school in the same school district. The best high school has only average readiness, and the worst has not a single student ACT Ready! IS THIS THE RESULT WE WANT FOR OUR CHILDREN?! This is shocking. It is rather obvious that measurable academic objectives do not exist for this school district and for any of its high schools. It is impossible to deliver good results without such objectives and school level operating plans in the hands of school management when one is dealing with poor performance like school districts within the entire state of Tennessee and in other states.


In the graph above, we show a poor three-year average ACT score history and ACT Readiness of each high school in Knox County, Tennessee. We spend more than twice the amount of money for each student in the two poorly performing high schools - for more than a decade now. Why don't we spend only one percent of that money we spend in one high school, go up to New York, visit the Success Academy Schools, because they are achieving top one percent results with poor black inner city children, beating even most private schools, in the entire state of New York. Some teachers do not like this school. They have excellent benefits, good salaries, but they have to work long hours, generally 8 AM to 6 PM. WELL, WHO SHOULD DECIDE IF WE SHOULD IMPROVE OR NOT AS THIS SCHOOL DID? NOT PARENTS BECAUSE THEY ARE NOT INFORMED OF THE REAL SITUATION WE FACE. SCHOOL DISTRICT MANAGEMENT MUST DECIDE. WHY DO WE EVEN ASK SUCH A QUESTION WHEN WE ARE DOING SO POORLY? UNFORTUNATELY, SIMILAR HIGH RESULTS FOR WORKING LESS HARD IN POORLY PERFORMING STATES LIKE TENNESSEE, KENTUCKY AND SO ON, IS NOT POSSIBLE ANYWHERE.

The graph below shows a thirteen-year annual average of each high school also in Knox County, Tennessee with performance going nowhere but down. It is rather obvious that neither the state of Tennessee, nor this school district had any effective management controls, the right objectives and operating plans in place ever. It is even more obvious that either we hire state Education Commissioners who are not prepared for the job or the governor does not like their suggestions. Consider that the worst performing high schools spend more than twice as much money per student as the higher performing ones FOR THIRTEEN YEARS OR MORE, WITHOUT ANY IMPROVEMENT. They just keep delivering lower ACT results year after year. What is the major contributor to this failure? The wrong or no academic objective, and 90% graduation rate. When you push children through high school when some may require a year or two more, you miss the important thing - their education. The result: lack of A HIGH ENOUGH ACT SCORE OBJECTIVE leads to poor employment for life. We spend more money per student in Knox County, Tennessee than the great majority of the top twenty countries in education, whose cost of living is higher. Although our spending per student is the fifth highest in the world, in mathematics we dropped from the top in 1970 to 40th as a country with disastrous results. That means that we spend a lot more money than they do, and we deliver much worse education to our children. The education they get is so bad that three out of four graduates have only 3-5 years of low end employment before robots replace them for the rest of a 40-45 year working life beyond high school. The poor results indicate that WE DO SPEND ENOUGH, BUT IT IS NOT BEING SPENT ON THE RIGHT PEOPLE AND PROGRAMS.

Our "ACT Readiness" is only 24-27% of those students who graduated with a diploma. What is the logic behind graduating 73-76% of the students who are NOT ACT Ready and therefore will not have a chance for any job in a few years? IS THIS ACCEPTABLE? We do a poor job in education with one of the highest expenses per student in the world. That means that a large portion of the education money is not spent in the right places and on the right, well-trained people. Who are we helping with such an outrageous long-failing system for many decades? Not our children, not their teachers, not the quality of our work force and therefore not our economy or country.

With the years passing, most job requirements and related education increased as robotics and software automation replaced lower level jobs, and as new technologies created new jobs. ACT changes one or more of the four benchmark target scores to define ACT Readiness accordingly. Such a trend will continue in the future, but faster. According to ACT, in Tennessee 83% of the graduating students (98% of black graduates), plus those who did not graduate, plus dropouts are not prepared to be trained for a job as of 2015. Nationally, 94% of black children (74% of all children) who earned a high school diploma, plus about 10% who attended but did not graduate, plus dropouts, were not prepared for anything other than close to minimum wage low skill jobs, and have no chance to finish even the first year of any tech/vocation training or college. ARE THESE ACCEPTABLE RESULTS? ONE WONDERS IF STATE EDUCATION DEPARTMENTS AND ELECTED SCHOOL BOARDS UNDERSTAND THE HUGE PROBLEM THEY ARE CREATING BY NOT ACTING ON IT. Some people blame this on parents and poverty. But a 42 school system in New York City called Success Academy Schools takes ONLY poor, inner city black and Hispanic children. They scored TOP ONE PERCENT in the NY State Common Core Tests, PASSING EVEN MOST PRIVATE SCHOOLS! They have a waiting list of more than 19,000 families! There are no inner city areas that are more difficult than Harlem in New York, where this school system started in 2006. The responsible people for the poor performance are the governors, the education subcommittees in legislature, the state boards of education, the state departments of education and the elected district school boards. A very large percentage of our children will be replaced shortly by robots as a result of our poor public education, and because we did not fix our poor education a long time ago. We are not developing the great majority of children in our public schools (very few exceptions) for the future that they will face. We are creating soft, undisciplined and poorly educated children to face a tough world after high school. We are developing a huge powder keg that is about ready to blow up on us.

The above example is Tennessee's and its Knox County's performance. Look at the high percentage of high school graduates who are not prepared for more than minimum wage jobs. Add to them 10-15% of those who entered high school who did stay in school but did not graduate, and add about 5-7% dropouts. All of these children will be replaced by robots. These results are very bad, yet we, tax payers have to pay for these students as well. Our employers know this. Our politicians do nothing about raising the ACT scores. Our public school districts lie to the public about their own performance. The employers know that unless the education results become much better quickly in high schools, their only option to survive here is with robots, because American public education is not correcting the declining quality of education. Forget asking for more jobs. It is a good education that creates good jobs. We do not seem to care enough to improve our poor public education system. We need to improve with much higher results to produce graduates who meet employer and higher education needs with qualified graduates. That means 80% ACT readiness of a graduating class, and not just 24% or less. Spend more money on education? We don't think so. We have become the 5th highest spender per student, but internationally the quality of our graduates dropped to 40th place.

In 2015 we had more than three million jobs we could not fill because our companies could not find well-educated potential candidates (Click here for report). Our schools need to understand that they are preparing a "product" called a student, who are required by the "customers" called employers and/or universities for further learning, to supply what employers need. The ACT is a test used by 59% of graduating high school students to show how well they are prepared for employment or further education. The poor ACT results indicate that no one in political leadership either cares or understands this fact and are doing nothing about it. It is totally unacceptable to spend $120,000 of the people's money MINIMUM per student for twelve years of education, 74% of whom are not ACT ready nationally to be trained for a job. With robotics coming now to replace fast food and higher level jobs, the 74% unreadiness of high school graduates will rise. (Click here for report).

Product and service competitiveness depend on the work force's education. At the upper end PhDs design and make the products...and they all depend on the quality of high school graduates they produce as a nation. With only 26% of the graduating high school students being ACT READY in the USA, we have been doing a very poor job having our children educated for many years, and Nanotechnology will have an additional major impact by 2020, requiring more education, impacting the great majority of jobs.

Our children's education declined, but robotic artificial intelligence (AI) passed average human intelligence in 2015 and their cost dropped below minimum wage. Fast food companies plan to automate every store fully. For example, McDonald's plans to replace 25,000 stores before end of 2017 or about 500,000 jobs. However, we are beginning to see robots that replace people with a graduate degree, e.g. new fighter plane pilots, nurse anesthetists and even anesthesiologists.

We cannot expect teachers to do their best if they do not have full authority to deal with student discipline problems decisively on their own, and if they are loaded down with paperwork, too much testing to reduce their preparation and teaching time. Performance evaluations cannot be done 3-4 times a year without such evaluations being student results-based. After all the purpose of the teachers' and the schools' existence is to provide excellent internationally competitive education for our children. THAT IS NOT THE CASE TODAY. JUST LOOK AT OUR ACT OR SAT RESULTS.

"A nation can be no swifter than its progress in education. The human mind is our fundamental resource."
John F. Kennedy (1917-1963) Thirty-fifth President of the USA

It would be reasonable to expect that all 3.5 million children who graduated nationally from public high school with a regular diploma, would be (ACT) Ready for job training or further education. Unfortunately, 74% or 2.59 million of our graduating children are not ready each year, and we wasted more than 31 billion dollars per year covering their TWELVE YEARS SPENDING $372,000,000,000 to graduate children who are not ready (there is no adjustment to constant dollars because the twelve years of education could shift back or forward. These are very low conservative assumptions and the real cost will be higher). They will have minimum wage jobs for a couple of years and then...NOTHING. Robots will replace them. There are very few public high schools nationally who are exceptions. The public should be aware that private high school graduates have 85-99% readiness. But they cost $8,000-15,000 per year. Since the public pays for the poorly performing public schools, the public would deserve a voucher or tax credit in the entire amount of the public school average expense/year/student, if a parent wishes to have his/her child educated in a private school instead. We feel that we, the public deserve a good enough education for our children, that supports minimally a family of four, and improves each each year to make it possible for our children to qualify for the better jobs that new technologies will create. What the public does not deserve is for 2.59 million of its children nationwide to be sentenced to failure factories for schools EVERY SINGLE YEAR for whom we paid $130,000 constant dollars per child or $336.7 BILLION DOLLARS of the people's hard-earned tax dollars, and be ruined for life by the poor quality of public education.

A third of a TRILLION dollars is an enormous amount of money that is wasted per year, increasing annually, preparing children poorly, compared to many other nations. Our graduates cannot communicate properly and cannot even do basic math. We are one of the highest spenders per student in the world, and dropped to 40th in the world in performance. Just look at the numbers we are presenting. They are the government's numbers. How many decades do we need to wait and accept such a poor job that we, the public are paying for? We cannot afford to wait. We wasted a lot of money for more than four decades on these failure factories we call schools. We could change for the better. We need changes urgently.

There is a new development that most of the public does not know as of 2016. A new class of robots are starting to replace many low-end jobs in 2016, some of which require a college degree, not just a high school diploma. How do you think those 2.59 million children will survive, who are not prepared well enough each year?

We have been competing worldwide for decades. Our education management, teaching methodology is about 100 years old. Others improved, especially after WWII. We dropped to 40th in high school math in the world in 2016 because we did not improve teacher preparation, the way we teach and manage school districts and schools, as many other countries did and passed us. If we want to learn about how to become better, look at how the best in the world are achieving their fabulous results, like Singapore and Finland. Study how they do everything in education and adopt their methods. Their methods are transferable to US culture. Then you will have an excellent chance for improvement in student results.

We are enclosing here a comprehensive document from Finland, one of the best systems in education in the world. Try to read every page of every link in it. This is how the best countries in education plan and conduct the education of its citizens. Click here to read it.


We are moving toward faster technological changes, they bring with them faster job changes. Jobs replaced by automation at the low end, and many new jobs open - but they require more education. That means that the fundamental education children get in primary and secondary school needs to create a stronger, much better foundation of knowledge than it has created to date. We need to teach at least as much as in the honors courses to all, not just in science and math with an expanded curriculum, but also with music and art to develop both hemispheres of the child's brain. This is important for good decision making and creative thinking. We are talking about it, but we are not doing it.

We compete worldwide but we compare ourselves only to US results and US ideas. Our high school graduates dropped to 40th in math in the world. Dropping to 40th in math when you are the fifth highest spender in the world per student, raises serious questions about how we spend our tax dollars to deliver such a poor result. What percentage of public school students who take the ACT in the US are ACT Ready upon graduation? ONLY 26%. What percentage should be ACT Ready? AT LEAST 80%, but preferably all students who graduate with a diploma should be ACT Ready. Since our high schools feed the work force-needs of all industries, the poor high school output is destroying us from within.

"The world will not be destroyed by those who do evil, but by those who watch them without doing anything."
Albert Einstein


When a school district picks low expectation objectives like a 21 ACT score, THAT IS MORE THAN 10 YEARS AWAY, you have a board and superintendent who have no idea how to set the right objectives in each school, how to organize an operating plan to achieve that objective to achieve better results. Why are our education standards so low that we cannot produce 80% minimum ACT Readiness instead of 26% among our high school graduates? Look at Finland whose methods overcome even most learning disabilities.

"Learning is a lifelong process of keeping abreast of change. And the most pressing task is to teach people how to learn."


Peter Drucker, 1909-2005, Father of 21st Century Management By Objectives


Look at the above graph. In 2006, ACT indicated that their empirical research (comparing ACT scores to jobs or additional education the student was able to obtain some years after taking the ACT) shows that college entrance and work force training have the same requirement in English and math from 2006 onward. That has changed over the years, because ACT started using a four-subject benchmark test for READINESS, plus university degrees in engineering and science require a higher ACT score in mathematics than the ACT Readiness benchmark in mathematics. ACT defined the additional benchmarks for and definition of "Career (job) and College Readiness", that indicates what CHANCE (not a guarantee) the ACT READY child has to finish the first year only of a college or tech/vocational school. Those who are NOT ACT READY (and DO NOT meet all four subject benchmarks) do not have a chance to finish the first year of any tech/vocational or college program and will have spotty minimum wage employment for a limited time. Robotics will replace them. Passing only one benchmark means that the student does have a chance only to finish the college freshman version of the same subject only as the benchmark that the student passed. However, in addition, the robotic technologies that many US companies have already contracted by 2016 will replace them rapidly.

Some of the new robotic applications are replacing jobs FOR THE FIRST TIME that require more than a college degree (anesthesia robots, already installed in some hospitals, however some robots that are involved in healthcare will have slower growth because of public acceptance). We will see more of such applications within a year. Artificial intelligence passed average human levels in 2015 and it is growing faster. Under these circumstances, those who graduate from high school even ACT Ready, will not be employable within a couple of years at most, unless we increase both the high school curriculum and increase the material within each course of the curriculum significantly, and increase the teachers' subject knowledge to Master's level and improve teaching methodologies, to the same level where the top performing international education systems are.

With the above poor results - just think about this for a moment: we have poor ACT performance leaving most children behind - not just 51%, but 76-85% and among African American students 96% are left behind. There will be a big price to pay for such negligence!

  1. Investigating how the best school systems achieve their results worldwide is NEVER discussed in board meetings to improve what we do.
  2. School board members never take ANY TIME at school board meetings to discuss and plan how we could improve our poor ACT scores.

Do you think they are interested in doing better? The evidence is not encouraging.

"A lie told often enough becomes the truth."
Lenin (1870 - 1924)


One cannot solve a problem long by covering it up, or by "packaging" it in good news for those who are paying for it, the public. Unless...those in charge don't want to or don't know how to solve it.

"A half-truth is a whole lie" is a popular proverb that has been directed at newspapers and politicians since the 1880s. However, the majority in public education management beat them all. For example in the Knox County School District, Tennessee, 76% of those who graduated with a diploma in 2015 are prepared only for a close to minimum wage job. They will not even have a chance to finish the first year of a tech/vocational school or college per ACT. A new generation of robotics will replace them in a few years.

At the same time the superintendent published everywhere, including on his letterhead, that we provide "Excellence for all children" and knowingly and purposefully told the public that "We are doing well, a strong B performance, but we have room to improve". It was a lie about actual school performance. Tennessee did celebrate the highest growth in the USA in 4th and 8th grade NAEP test scores one year...but we were still below the USA average, which we did not mention. Nor did we mention the fact that Knox County did not even take the test, yet some people and foundations partnering with this school district used it as if they did and this was a county achievement. We as a country should also consider that we dropped very significantly from other nations to 40th place in mathematics. In 2013, the same school district set an all time low average ACT score record at 20.2. The ACT is the most important test. It shows what our children learned from grade one to twelve. No one said a word to anyone about the all time low ACT score in 2013. The bad news and the complete truth was and is ignored. Anything that sounds good is published by the school district communications group. What the public gets is a lie, when all this poor education and the lies about their results are created with the public's hard-earned tax dollars within the education budget.

SIDE NOTE: Please remember that tests are designed for a specific subject or group of subjects in accordance with the curriculum of the state in which the person studies and/or takes the test. In other words, they are designed such that a 90-100% score would merit an "A" and anything under 60% would be an "F", a failing grade. Test designers are professional people generally with a master's degree in the subject for which the test is created. Unfortunately, some states are changing grades based on what they call a "cut score" where a low score like 45% may be changed to a "B" to make the school system look better, and the student loses. Then they celebrate the "B" openly in the newspapers!!

TCAP state test results for Tennessee show approximately double the score of the national ACT or NAEP tests, because they are much easier tests. The TCAP's rigor or toughness was 58% lower than the ACT. In other words, the much easier state test shows much higher grades, putting into good light performance that is a disastrous failure. As a result, we hurt a very large percentage of graduating children who are not ready for a meaningful job or for more education without two years of full time remedial courses.

Praising and calling a superintendent a Miracle Maker with our TCAP results is not a true representation of the actual results for which the public is paying with their hard-earned tax dollars. Frankly, one would reasonably expect a more truthful representation made to the public in an article like the one below, by any journalist or especially an editor or publisher of any newspaper. The ideals and standards of journalists have changed unfortunately.

All the above shows a planned, willful and purposeful misrepresentation of the truth, to create an impression that the school district is doing well, when, in fact, it is doing very poorly according to ACT's impartial college readiness figures. The misrepresentation starts with the Boards and superintendents of school districts who are not telling the entire truth. The public is paying for it. The public is misinformed PURPOSEFULLY with partial truth using the easy tests that provide higher grades. Tennessee is changing those tests in 2016-2017.




One will not survive at minimum wage. With robotics taking the low paying jobs, those not ACT Ready cannot survive. If 80% of graduates are not ACT Ready, then eight out of ten high school graduates will not make it under robotic pressure in the job market. But we will be paying for the education of all ten in our example. Therefore the expense of developing one ACT Ready graduate will actually cost five times as much as one graduate. The average per student cost in Tennessee is above $10,000 per year including capital and interest expenses. We will assume $10,000 for easy calculation. For twelve years the cost of educating one student is $120,000. Remember that we pay for all students. Those students who do not test ACT Ready, will be short term minimum wage material. Therefore the cost of 12 years of education for those who leave high school who are not ACT Ready, becomes part of the cost of all those students' education who ARE ACT ready. to be trained for a job or go on to college. We spent $10,000 per student in 2016 in Knox County, Tennessee that included almost all education-related expenses. These expenses are rising every year. This is the public's money - our tax dollars. Under these conditions, the 12-13 year MINIMUM cost of one career (job) or college ready high school graduate, with a regular high school diploma is sky high, because we also pay for those students who dropped out and those who did earn a regular diploma, who are not career or college ready according to ACT. THAT makes the cost of one ACT Ready student in specific demographic areas as high as presented hereunder, because of the ACT Readiness percentage in a specific demographic area is so low. We did not consider inflation adjustment on these dollars because the twelve year education could be spreading to the past (less $) or future (more $) in different degrees, and the future ACT Readiness may vary up or down.

One ACT Ready Black Student: $3,960,000
One ACT Ready Hispanic Student: $1,200,000
One ACT Ready Average Student: $600,000
If All Students Were Ready Like In The Top Ten Nations In Education
One ACT Ready Student would cost: $120,000 - $140,000

...because we also have to pay for the many students who are not prepared and not ready in the same demographic group.

If 75-98% of those students who earned a regular diploma (plus dropouts, and those who "finished" high school but did not earn a diploma) are not ready to be trained for a job, then our diplomas are worthless - and they are. So why push a 90% graduation rate? That means very low income for the majority of those entering our high schools with increasing unemployment and a huge negative impact upon our economy for lack of a well-trained work force.



In the USA, 74% of our schools are public schools, 22% are private schools and 4% are charter schools a form of public schools also. The lower skill manufacturing jobs have been disappearing to robotic and software automation for more than two decades. More and more low-end jobs will be replaced by robotics and many new jobs will open with new technologies faster and faster, but they will require more education on the high school level, not just what we know as job training. There were more than three million jobs open in 2015, that could not be filled because employers were not finding candidates with the education that they needed for such jobs. Such new jobs will require a much better education coming out of high school than what public schools deliver today. The stories about good education are true only with very few public schools. What's going to happen to our children? THREE OUT OF FOUR OF OUR CHILDREN ARE BEING LEFT BEHIND TODAY IN OUR PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN ADDITION TO DROPOUTS. What is going to happen to our state and country? I fear the answer to this question.

The poorly educated work force, mostly untrainable (80% per ACT), is a major concern of corporations who are paying most of the taxes. To do well, they need a well-trained work force. They are holding onto cash instead of hiring. To survive, they will have to expand elsewhere or move entirely, or depend on the new generation of robots. This trend just started happening. Expect such changes happening here on a much larger scale. We will not survive the poor objectives and lack of a professional annual operating plans on the school district management level.

It is common in high performing nations to hire teachers who have a Master's degree in the subject that they would teach, come from the top ten percent of their Master's major, and then they send them back to grad school for learning the latest in teaching methodologies and in some cases diagnosing learning disabilities as well. US teachers come from the bottom third of four-year college programs that are the easiest.

The graph above shows a demographic breakdown of the unreadiness percentage of those who graduated from high school nationally. The results are horrible nationally because all states and school districts operate the same way with poor objectives and poor plans. You are looking at a powder keg, that is about to blow up. Our employers must go to robotics, because our graduates not only cannot do the job, they are poorly educated, and they have a bad attitude. If they do not go to robotics, they have to leave and go to where the work force is better trained - or close the business and no one will be employed. New York City there is a charter school chain with 41 schools in 2016, that started with one school in 2006. They are called Success Academy Schools. This school is scoring top one percent passing even most private schools in the entire State of New York WITH POOR BLACK AND HISPANIC INNER CITY CHILDREN! Anyone with such high performance will have plenty of critics. Misbehaving children who disturb entire classes are gone. So are teachers who do not meet their high standards. Guess what the public wants? They want their child to have an excellent education and future. Obviously our traditional public schools have no idea how to provide excellent education to our children of ANY COLOR, and the states are not doing anything about it! They know however, how to spend more money each year than the majority of the top performing twenty nations in education. What do you think will happen when robotics will dump 50-80% of our children on the streets because they have been poorly trained in our public schools? This is very likely to happen by 2020-2021.

The countries that passed us in education, teach significantly more advanced material per subject per year than we do. Unless we bring up both teacher and student knowledge with a tougher curriculum and life-time education for degrees that are in demand, we will not be economically competitive against robotics in problem solving, critical thinking, decision making and job skills by 2025. Poor results shown in the above charts are unacceptable. In Knox County, Tennessee, and in many other school districts and states, we just keep dumbing down the population with the poor results from our public schools, as the elected school boards keep giving themselves and the superintendents an excellent performance review for the poor performance, and increasing education spending every year.

As a remedy, some governors announced a free two year college program after high school, that will cost more money and will not solve the problem of declining education, because:
  • We do not take advantage of the fastest brain development that occurs under six years of age with an effective pre-school program,
  • We are not improving and increasing knowledge in K12 education and are not correcting behavior and attitude problems that developed during those formative years. We are not correcting the fundamental K12 problem that limits young people's brain in how much they can achieve for 12-13 years of K12 schooling,
  • We are enabling only some remedial education with the free two-year college, to get closer to the low state standard of today. This does not solve the problems of the K-12 education shortcomings that became set in concrete in our children during the formative years. Yet we will have to pay a higher rate for the additional two years, without fixing what caused the problem in K-12.
  • It would be more effective for the people's money to fix some basic areas within K-12 education to solve the poor performance problem, such as:
    • Raise expectations with a measurable objective, such as an ACT score objective that is 5-10% higher than the actual ACT score achieved the previous year,
    • Create an annual operating plan that simply specifies a monthly year-to-date GPA objective that is minimum 10% above the prior year's monthly year-to-date GPA for all management people and for all teachers. There has to be many years of GPA history available per student. Based on them, an average GPA baseline could be established for at minimum covering the preceding 3 years, using this baseline GPA for every class in any subject before the class starts, and measuring against this baseline GPA what individual teachers achieve at the end of the school year as an average class GPA.
    • There must be a fair assessment of what teachers achieve in average GPA increase beyond the baseline GPA that reflects their class members actual performance for the past three years. Teachers are not treated well compared to the high performing international school systems. They must be treated fairly, and to that end some state laws will need to be changed to allow them to do their best with high morale.

Our governors, state departments of education and the elected school district boards managed to develop FAILURE FACTORIES nationwide with their inaction instead of good results, through incompetence in management, with weaker teacher training, limiting teachers' authority and preparation time with unproductive tasks. Teacher morale is low. The higher performing countries require teacher candidates to have a master's degree in the subject that they will teach, they are tested for suitability for the teaching profession, and must continue to update their education every year in teaching methodologies and subject knowledge. We do not seem to be interested in learning from the top performing countries. When one dropped from the top to 40th in the world (and our example state, Tennessee, is much lower than that), one does not have the experience to come up with a winning methodology to become one of the best based only on USA experience in education. No wonder we have poverty problems. We don't even recognize that our dropping education results dumbed us down for 45+ years, weakening our work force, creating more poverty plus a huge problem for employers, who have only two options to survive: move to areas with a better-trained work force, or replace low-end jobs with robotics.

McDonalds decided in 2015 to replace 25,000 stores totally with robotics by end of 2017, so did Wendy's and many others. Robots were announced in 2016 to replace anesthesia nurses whose education goes well beyond high school. We better improve education very quickly by focusing on ACT score objectives and learning as much as possible from the highest performing countries in education about how they are achieving their fabulous results. The result for us will be increasing social problems with the unemployed. There will be no money to solve them, because our national income has been struggling for ten years at break even only. All of this happened because the poor high school education output weakened the work force in all industries, from the low end jobs, up to and including PhD's. For several decades now foreign students made up 50% of the PhD's we needed for research and development, but for the past few years many are returning to their home countries because they find better opportunities there.




School districts do not identify all education spending for the public to see. We try to do that and relate the approved budget to it although the approved budget itself does not include all education-related expenses. We would advocate the board of education being fully responsible for a budget that includes ALL education-related expenses.

The "Current" budget is approved at the beginning of the school year. It excludes certain education-related expenses, like capital and interest expenses, legal and other expenses that are commingled hidden in different county cost centers. That means that we do not know exactly how much we spend on public education. A special investigative audit, called a forensic audit would be the efficient way to identify ALL education related spending.

The "Current" budget is overspent 15-18% every single year (2008-2014), and we get the above poor results for it. The state publishes the Grand Total Education Expense Spent in the same school district, that is overspent 28-38% every year beyond the approved budget, including the capital and interest expenses covering school renovations and new schools that the education department decides to renovate or build respectively, but excluding them from the budget they present. Even the Grand Total doesn't include all education-related expenses. All this points to another very important thing that is not being done: ZERO BASED BUDGET PLANNING, AND PRESENTING TO THE PUBLIC ALL PUBLIC SCHOOL-RELATED EXPENSES. It is the school system that initiates or causes all such expenses, but they do not have responsibility for the outcome. This is not a good way to manage to success.

ZERO BASED BUDGET PLANNING means that the budget being prepared for all departments identifies first all actions that they will have to take during the coming year to improve results and reach a specific performance objective. Then each department and school puts the budget together for themselves on that basis. That is how one can make sure that any surprises are minimized for the coming year, and it is an important part of planning and creating an operating plan for the coming year only. Poor planners do a quick and easy way, called INCREMENTAL BUDGET PLANNING in which one looks at what one spent last year, and modifies it by adding or subtracting amounts that one just guesses without planning. For small organizations that total less than 100 employees one can do that. For larger organizations, the end result is overspending beyond the approved budget every year, and that is what is happening in Knox County, Tennessee and in many other school districts. When one starts putting together multi-year plans, like the five year plan, it just does not make sense because too many unanticipated things will be changing each year that no one can predict that far ahead. Therefore in well-managed operations one sees zero-based budget planning for a ONE-YEAR OPERATING PLAN, based on which the spending can be managed accurately. That is what well management schooled and experienced superintendents do.

When one sees a five year plan, that looks beautiful with color charts and pictures, with simply a fixed percentage increase on some activities every year, and then adds a tenth year result that looks just OK, no serious planning went into that plan. The superintendent in such a case prepared a "selling document only", it is always a beautiful colorful document, but without any serious planning. Five years are too long. Too many things can change even within a year. What many school districts do not have is a one year operating plan where there is a measurable performance goal like an ACT score that is 5-10% higher than the last one achieved, and measurable objectives are defined for every management and supervisory position in every single school and in central management. One cannot achieve good results with only titles. The Five Year Strategic Plans of the Knox County, TN superintendent, were good examples of this.

The Knox County, Tennessee school district has an unusually large PR group as of 2015 whose planning and execution on any action they target is excellent. They do not report all of the news. They report only what looks good, creating a positive image in the eyes of the public. As a result, the public is unaware how poorly their children are prepared in our public schools.

One sees significant additional money requests annually from the board of education, with two big problems.
  • They are never tied to a plan to show how much they will raise the ACT results that count. The promises are endless.
  • Most such programs do not produce any improvement in the ACT scores. However, the amount approved one year just keeps included every year thereafter and no one questions it. It is sad how the people's hard-earned tax dollars are wasted in education without any improvement in results.


"A half-truth is a whole lie" is a popular proverb that's been directed at newspapers and politicians since the 1880s.
"A lie told often enough becomes the truth." - Lenin
"Present good news to the public and repeat often, no matter how insignificant it is. Do not present the bad news to the public, no matter how important it is" - Goebels and Hitler
All these methods are used in most PR organizations in school districts.

We overspend the people's money every year in education in Knox County, Tennessee and produce one of the worst results at the same time within the USA. Internationally, we dropped to 40th place in math, a new all time low record - that's the bottom of the industrialized countries. Our education spending per student is the fifth highest in the world. Our school districts are always pushing for more money as the solution to fix the poor results. We also do not identify for the public all of the money we spend on education. Some such moneys are commingled with non-education related expenses and hidden in different cost centers. I think that the public who is paying for the poor results and high expense levels deserves to get a detailed accounting of how much money we really spend on education-related expenses.

We need a forensic audit to identify exactly where the money went and why it was not getting to the right place in the school district, destroying most of our children's employability, our work force and our economy as a result.

Proposed programs costing additional tens of millions of dollars in each state by school district management, did not and do not deliver higher act or sat scores. They are the only tests that show the real end of high school results. Could these kinds of ineffective actions be accidental after more than 40 years? No, they cannot and they require uniform statewide control via laws.

More than 30 states cut back education spending since 2008. See Even with such reductions in spending, the US is the fifth largest spender per student among the industrialized countries, with the lowest academic performance among those nations.

All things are possible - if one is smart.

The chart below shows very poor expense management without any reasonable monthly control per school that disregards the approved budget with overspending without any recourse and with poor academic results.

No report covers all expenses going into education, although the state report covers significantly more in its Tennessee Education Statistical Report for each year than the Knox County education district itself.

The problem is that when board members look at a chart like this they do not recognize poor results or excessive spending. Most of them do not understand what not being ACT Ready means, and most importantly do not understand how robotics will impact all children who are not ACT Ready, and within just a few years will be impacting some jobs that require training beyond high school. Most board members do not want to learn and do not question the superintendent about academic results and spending vs. objective or budget every month at board meetings. In our opinion two questions are vital in managing poorly performing education districts. THESE TWO QUESTIONS need to be answered monthly:
  • How are we doing with the most important academic results (e.g., annual ACT and monthly year-to-date GPA) year-to-date vs. plan in every school and the school district, and
  • How much money are we spending per school and project, year-to-date vs. the approved budget.
Neither of these is presented or discussed.




"Perfection is not attainable, but if we chase perfection we can catch excellence."

Vince Lombardi



To get more public support, tell the truth. Generally both parents have to work today, and single parents have a tougher time. We need more support from them. Giving the public good news only is not helpful under the circumstances. Another important consideration is the fact that the public is paying everyone's salaries in public education. They deserve to know the truth. IF THE PUBLIC FINDS OUT WITHOUT FOREWARNING THAT THEIR CHILDREN CANNOT GET A JOB AFTER GRADUATING FROM OUR HIGH SCHOOLS, WE WILL SEE A VERY BAD, VIOLENT REACTION. IT WOULD BE SMARTER TO ADMIT THE PROBLEM WE FACE WITH OUR POOR EDUCATION AND TAKE OWNERSHIP FOR WHY IT HAPPENED. THERE WOULD BE SOME INITIAL REACTION, BUT THE PUBLIC IS FORGIVING IF THEY SEE AN HONEST ATTEMPT MADE TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM.

Only 26% nationally, 16% in Tennessee and 24% in Knox County, Tennessee of our graduating students with a diploma are ready for job training or have a chance to finish the first year only of a college, tech school/vocational program - in 2015. However the school system tells the public that all is well, and complains about parents not pushing the children enough to study. This level of readiness of public school graduates for job or higher level training is very poor and it is not improving. Many including the schools blame the parents when there are examples of some of the best school systems in the world achieve very high results parent-independently. Our education management has no interest in how they achieve that.

The graph below shows the percentage of high school graduates nationally by demographics, who are not prepared for any job other than minimum wage jobs that will be replaced by robots shortly. The Tennessee figures are worse.

We produce only 26% readiness of high school graduates nationally for job training or to have just a chance to finish the first year of a tech/vocational school or college according to ACT. But much worse, we produce only 5-6% ACT ready black high school students nationally (Tennessee 2%). The 42-school charter school, Success Academy Schools of New York City, produce top 1% results with poor, inner city black children. At the same time, a new generation of robots started replacing low and medium level jobs. See examples further down. As a result, those students' chances who are not ACT Ready, will evaporate for any job. If our governors and legislators cared, this would not be happening.

When Performance Is As Poor As Ours, It Is Vital To Have Two Objectives Only To Focus The Entire Organization On The Key Measurable Indicator Of Academic Success, Like An ACT Score That Is 5-10% Higher Than The Last ACT Score Achieved. The Second Objective Must Be A Limit On Spending To Stay Under The Budget That Was Approved Before The School Year Started.

Anyone requesting additional school funding must commit to an ACT score increase in return with a plan in writing that explains how the ACT score increase is going to be achieved. State leadership, education committees, state school boards, and the state department of education, all must be focused on achieving an ACT score objective that is 5-10% higher than the last ACT score achieved along with the school districts. There is much more effort going into spending more money on programs that do not improve the ACT or SAT scores that represent our graduates' knowledge, or making excuses on the state or local level.

There Is No Effort To Learn From The Top International Performers To Improve Our Poor, Hundred-Year-Old Public Education System Practices That Has The 5th Highest Cost Per Student In The World, While Dropping To 40th From The Top At Great Cost To The Public.

All ACT objectives require that an operating plan exist detailing what committee members, board members and all management and supervisory personnel need to achieve by each month's end.

Look at the high percentage of graduating children who are not ACT Ready in the chart. Not being ACT Ready means no chance to finish even the first year of a tech/vocational school or a college. They are qualified only for minimum wage jobs, which will be replaced by robots in a couple of years.

"Denial. Ask any psychologist what the major obstacle to recovery is, and the likely answer will be denial. It's fundamental. Until you admit there is a problem, you can't begin to solve it."

John McCormack "Self-Made in America"

The elected boards have to oversee the management and success of a school district with typically 100 – 10,000 employees, and a $10 million - $1 BILLION annual budget through a superintendent that they interview and hire. That is a huge management job, for which the voting majority or even a single board member would not be experienced and qualified. One requires substantial training even to interview and decide to hire a superintendent for an organization of that size. The state cannot provide management guidelines because the old education laws block it and they are likely to not have the experience to give it. School districts have meaningless objectives. They don't know how to change the way they manage and operate to create better results.

The elected board has to set objectives for the coming school year. Their objectives are always very vague, never about achieving an ACT score and never about not exceeding the budget approved at the start of the school year. The result is poor ACT scores, poor readiness after graduation and the budget exceeded every year. Then they perform their own performance review. The superintendent does the same and gives himself excellent marks, although the academic results are terrible. All objectives turn out vague and immeasurable. The superintendent is to prepare a five-year "strategic" plan according to the state, again with vague goals, many $100 words that no board-member dares to question for fear of looking uneducated. The plans do not include academic and financial objectives for schools, and school performance is the most important area. With such an arrangement, life becomes very political, and a poorly performing mayhem where sexual harassment can happen without the individual being fired. You hire and promote friends and relatives. You do nothing about helping teachers and principals to make their life more productive with higher morale so that they become more effective with students. All within current education law.

When the state itself is performing as poorly as Tennessee, it is not happening because they have the right management experience in the Department of Education, in the state Board of Education or even in the governor's office. If you disagree, just look at the ACT results. What does that tell us? It does not tell us that we have brilliant people with the right management experience, they just decided for a very important reason not to solve the problem that is destroying our children's future.

The public is paying a huge increasing bill for education with a school system failure rate at 74% nationally. For black students, it is an outrageous 95% ACT Unreadiness or failure rate, when a NYC chain of 42 charter schools, Success Academy Schools scored top one percent passing even most private schools with poor, inner city black students! IT CAN BE DONE. VISIT THIS SCHOOL, FIND OUT WHAT CREATES THE SUCCESS, LEARN AND IMPLEMENT ANYTHING THAT WOULD HELP.

"It's time to admit that public education operates like a planned economy, a bureaucratic system in which everybody's role is spelled out in advance and there are few incentives for innovation and productivity. It's no surprise that our school system doesn't improve: It more resembles the communist economy than our own market economy."

Albert Shanker,

President of the American Federation of Teachers


This website lists the ten best tools that could make learning easier for students and make teaching easier for teachers, in any school environment:


Many objectives dilute each other. A second primary objective is also needed, monthly, to not exceed the expense budget that the board approved at the start of the school year, with each and every school principal being responsible for meeting a corresponding expense objective and academic objective, spending and personnel decisions without interference. All other objectives are secondary objectives applying to specific management positions under the board or superintendent.

The objectives set in the past that one sees below, cannot achieve good results, because those who produce the results, the schools and support staff are not focused on the right two elements, a measurable academic and expense objective monthly. Schools are not research institutions. They are production institutions of the highest importance, whose national result has a vital impact on our children, every industry and our economy.

In the school district's website the superintendent mentions that: "In fact, you may remember that a key goal of our strategic plan is 100/90/90/90, that is:"
  1. "100% of students completing high school" (What is the value of "completing" high school with 80% of those who entered 9th grade not being ready per ACT but for minimum wage jobs at best?)
  2. "At least 90% graduating with a regular diploma" (What is the value of a diploma when 77% of those with a regular diploma are not even ready to be trained for a job or to enter a college or tech school per ACT?)
  3. "At least 90% of our graduates taking the ACT," (All students take the ACT by law. What is the value here? Just taking a test has zero value in any case.)
  4. "At least 90% of ACT takers scoring a 21 or better" (An average ACT 21 score means that 73-75% of those who entered in 9th grade are NOT ACT READY and are prepared for minimum wage jobs only. This is a shamefully low objective. A neighboring school district's objective is ACT 24. The top twenty countries in education are delivering high school students in an ACT equivalent range of 26 to 31)."
In the superintendent's Five Year Strategic Plan we have these different objectives that are also not appropriate, unclear, not measurable, neither academic nor spending related. Ask yourself on each one of these "How on earth can I tell if they met this objective or not? How do I measure how well they have done?".
  1. "Guarantee Excellence in Teaching and Learning."
  2. "Personalize Learning"
  3. "Facilitate High Quality Student Supports"
  4. "Build & Support Our Community of Learners"
  5. "Build & Support Our Community of Leaders"
  6. "Value Our Hardworking People"
  7. "Build & Strengthen Our "One Big Team""
  8. "Invite & Earn Stakeholder Feedback"
  9. "Improve Customer Service & Communication"

Are these easy to understand, clear, measurable academic objectives and a spending objective vs. the approved budget? Of course not. Can you tell what measurable result to reach in each one? Of course not. Can all workers be focused on these objectives so that the GPA and ACT scores go up in every school? Absolutely not.

That is the reason for poor performance. No one is going to pay attention to such objectives, and when they are not measurable, there can be no possible consequence. Ignoring it works. What becomes important is to please your boss and shield any complaints from him. Anyone can come up with excuses for the ACT score not improving. And the boss needs good excuses so he/she will appreciate you for it. That is the effect of too many objectives that are not measurable to see with certainty if they were met or not. Such a situation ends up with politics becoming important and achieving good results become less important. Poor, unmeasurable objectives increase the importance of politics in organizational behavior for survival.

You may want to read "Objectives are vitally important if you wish to accomplish anything" with a group of people - or even alone - especially in a poorly performing organization.

That is why we are producing the 40th result internationally in math. Tennessee is worse. We were on top in 1970. Teachers do not take the initiative to find out how the best nations in education are achieving their excellent results. They are focused on resolving their own personal issues with management, they have been demoralized over the years and not even given the basic right of being in charge of the classroom with full backing by management over discipline issues in the classroom. That is demeaning to teachers and reduces their credibility and authority in front of their students. Although the states should do this centrally, we do not see teachers making an individual effort to learn about why the top competitors are producing much better results, learn about them and implement such new methods. Unfortunately such attitudes are understandable with low morale but not helpful.

Most parents are not pushing their children to study harder. A few decades ago only one parent worked and the other parent could focus on what needed to be done at home, including focusing the children on studying. Today, both parents are working, and most parents take the child's side if a complaint comes from school about the child's behavior. When the school district PR machine lies to the public about things going well, it is not helpful in getting single parents to help the school because they are working long hours every day. Many parents are not supportive enough to get their children to work harder today. It would be very helpful if the public was well informed about the poor performance of schools, to motivate them to help.

However, there are school systems that produce uniformly excellent scores from all students, minority or not, without parental involvement, e.g., Finland's teaching method, or the 42-school Success Academy Schools in New York City that achieved in 2015 top one percent results with poor inner city black children, an amazing achievement. Finland's teacher selection and teaching methodology is better than ours. We are covering them in more detail later. Unfortunately our children pay a heavy price for all this. Four out of five graduates are unprepared for better jobs and robotic automation will replace them. All because our schools are not doing a better job. Parents we cannot control. Schools are to be controlled by their elected board and elected board members do not have the experience to do so.

Some people show better OECD PISA results for the USA by showing only OECD member country results (35 countries), a smaller number. OECD as of 2015 publishes both member and non-member countries' results, 73 total, on the same page in its results. We dropped to 40th in the world in math in 2015.

The potential working years of a high school graduate is 40-45 years. More than 75% of graduates in Knox County, Tennessee (more than 80% for Tennessee) are not prepared for any employment other than close to minimum wage jobs with increasing unemployment during their short working life, as robotics replace the low-to-medium level jobs.

Excellent high school results are critical for our nation and individual graduates to be employable or what is called ACT Ready. Not just by one student in five being ready for employment as we have it now, but at least by four students out of five. Those who are ready, become part of our work force. We need an outstanding well-educated work force to create competitively priced outstanding products and services that our various industries can sell worldwide. Our work force declined in skills. Our national income, GNP, and tax income depend on the success of US industries worldwide. Our GNP has been under 3% in growth for the past ten years. That's not good enough. It is the result of the poor readiness we deliver from our high schools. It is vital for us as a nation to fix our schools' performance.

The world is everyone's market. That means that we must become competitive in the world market and that means that our high school output must be one of the best. It dropped to 40th in math. CLICK HERE TO SEE HOW WE COMPARE TO OTHER COUNTRIES IN PERFORMANCE.

The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing!!"
Edmund Burke, Irish statesman, 1776


Between 1995 and 2014 Knox County, Tennessee students increased only 14% but administrators increased 130%. The spending would have been more appropriate in the classroom. BUT THAT IS NOT ALL. Administrators hire people to work for them. The real increase ends up 650-900% if they hire 4-6 people per administrator for only a 14% increase in students. However, with this huge increase in management, the ACT results dropped like a stone setting an all time low record in 2013 with a score of 20.2! ACT Readiness reports indicate that as a result, more than 80% (statewide 89%, nationally 76%!) of those students who enter 9th grade are ready only for minimum wage employment, the types of jobs that will disappear. It is common knowledge in management that if you increase management numbers beyond standard operating ratios, managers (administrators) will start justifying their management positions, and such efforts actually hurt results and morale.

This huge percentage of management increase was not reversed to this day, and it did absolutely nothing but cost us a lot of money! is being shifted away from the classroom producing poorly prepared children in large numbers. Management overhead was increased purposefully, but the results dropped like a stone. I am sorry, but the wisdom with which the public's money and these decisions appear to be handled by boards and superintendents is mind boggling. No one in leadership appears to have the wisdom to stand up and reverse such foolish spending.

Why is the state allowing the wasting of so much of the people's money and dumb down virtually the entire work force year after year? That is what the ACT results indicate under the governor.

Any school district could reduce total Central Management employees to 1% of the total school district's employees.

Any school district set as their most important two objectives as 5-10% higher ACT score than the ACT score last achieved, and an objective for all managers in any school that is a monthly, month-to-date GPA objective. The second objective needs to focus on not exceeding the spending budget.

The ACT and SAT tests show that our public school results are extremely poor. It is not surprising. If you attend any school board meeting, they never discuss the poor results and how those results could be improved. In addition, it is the schools that produce the results, yet we do not have monthly year-to-date GPA objectives in our schools that is 5-10% higher than the last one achieved. THAT EXPLAINS THE OUTRAGEOUSLY POOR PERFORMANCE.

In our state's plans to improve math and English requirements, we are focusing on public opinion about what the school district should be doing. Education spending per student rose aggressively since 1970, and student performance went down. None of our leaders suggested any changes to our education system that would have increased the ACT and SAT scores, the key indicators of what children learned before graduating from high school.

The public became less educated as a result, was dumbed down since 1970, and public opinion would not know anything about what our international competition accomplished and is planning, and what our employers need. As you see many foreign products around us, it should be very clear that we are competing with foreign countries whose education systems passed ours. We must catch up with the best. It will not be the local public's advice that will improve us.

After all, it did not do any good so far for many decades, especially since they are misinformed by the school district PR groups about how well our schools are doing. It will be the detailed knowledge of what makes the top performers in the world much better than we are in the OECD PISA tests, that will tell us what areas we need to correct in primary and secondary education. We need to forget the old American slogan that "WE ARE THE BEST". We are 40th in high school math. That is not the best. Be honest with the public, and have objectives and operating plans achieved to become the best.

One should be friendly and fair, but never become personally attached to anyone who works for you. It will bias your judgment about them. You may have to make hard decisions about them. If they are your close friend, you will not be able to do that. You have to judge your employee's performance through measurable key indicators of success in their job, their specific objective. THIS IS NOT BEING DONE.

Board members must understand VERY WELL what ACT's definition of Readiness means (go to ACT scores explained), as it is changed by developments in robotics to replace low-to-medium level jobs. Most do not understand this area. They must appreciate the impact of new technologies on existing jobs, and also the new job opportunities they create and the education required for them (go to robots). They must understand that we are competing internationally, and that we therefore must compare our progress to the countries that passed us. It would be important for board members to be familiar with two high performing countries' education system, Singapore and Finland. THEY KNOW NOTHING ABOUT THEM. It would be important to know exactly what Singapore and Finland cover in each subject in their curricula and try to do better than that. The state education department should be doing such work. But if they do not, we need the school boards to be creative. One can request such information from the Ministry of Education in the country. ACT does provide in their annual readiness report statistics about how to increase the ACT scores. At minimum, Board members must understand these areas well. THEY DO NOT.

If the board member was a teacher, they need to realize that we have to become much better. Our teachers did not improve in subject knowledge, teaching methodologies and education management like other nations who passed us. THEY ARE NOT AWARE OF THIS AND WE ARE INCLUDING REFERENCES. We have some serious work to do.

A potential superintendent is very experienced in operating in a political environment whether he/she accomplished excellent results or not. Superintendents last in a job only 3-4 years for a couple of reasons: they take direction from a board who may or may not agree, and he/she is more experienced in the job than the board members. Or he or she cannot produce better results. In interviewing them, ask meaningful questions, such as:

  • How would you measure monthly what a school district or a school achieved academically?
  • How can you tell which high school graduates are prepared to get a job after high school that can minimally support a family of four?
  • What does ACT Readiness mean?
  • What ACT or SAT average did you achieve during each of the last three years?
  • What mistakes did you make in each of the last three years?
  • How do you know that morale is high or low in your organization?
The superintendent is the board's employee and not the board's boss. Board members must understand what ACT Readiness and ACT scores the superintendent is to deliver. That is the superintendent's responsibility. If the superintendent is delivering poor results for seven years and the board gives the superintendent good performance reviews, the Board is responsible for the poor results. The board has destroyed the future of up to 76% (those not ACT Ready) or more of our high school graduates. If the board cared about them, this would not happen - or perhaps the board had no idea what to do and made no attempt at learning what to do.

When the results have been bad for decades, one must focus the entire organization on one performance and one spending objective like the ACT score and spending vs. budget in education. Without such focus, there is no chance for recovery.

Look at the chart below about ACT results. If only 24% of the high school diplomas are "ACT Ready" qualified, we are doing and extremely poor job, and both the Board and superintendent do not deserve a good performance evaluation. Yet that is what we gave year after year. It is not acceptable to do a job under which 76% of the graduating children's jobs will be subject to replacement by robots within a few years, and they have not been educated well enough to learn a more sophisticated new job. 76% not being ACT Ready means that they have no chance to complete even the first year of a tech/vocational school or a college. Science and engineering programs require a 26 ACT achievement in math, in addition to the ACT Readiness benchmark in math, and that is way above 24% ACT Readiness. Also in addition, look at the examples listed here for immediate robotic applications. Some of these are replacing employees with four-year college degrees. It is fair to conclude that those who are not ACT Ready have only a few years of employment, because robotic capabilities will increase rapidly from now on. See examples of robotics.

The ACT achievement and budget compliance objectives need an operating plan. The operating plan requires a monthly year-to-date objective per school in two areas: one is an academic objective to be determined, most likely a GPA average, and the second a spending objective not to exceed a monthly year-to-date expense budget. It is necessary to have a monthly year-to-date progress measurement in both objectives for schools to identify any shortcomings early toward meeting the annual average ACT and budget goals for the school district. Performance-related objectives are needed for all supervisory positions in schools, in central management and for teachers also.

All objectives at all levels need to be measurable, a key indicator of success for the job of the individual, that contribute to ACT district objective achievement. They have to be brief and simple enough to be remembered precisely at all times by the individual. No current objectives at any level meet that criteria today in 2016.

Click here to see ACT scores explained for the graph below .

A useful document to read would be this guideline from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) that covered 65 countries' primary and secondary education, with the best in the world among them.

We can see in the OECD chart above spending per pupil for each of 65 countries. We in Knox County, Tennessee are one of the top spenders per student compared to these 65 nations. But in results, we, the USA, are 40th in math - very poor. Tennessee is at the low end of USA performance. Knox County, Tennessee results would be much worse than 40th worldwide. That means that we spend enough money, but the money is not being spent in the right places. For example not enough money is getting to the classrooms that results come from, and there are requirements on teachers that cut down their preparation and teaching time, so that they cannot do their best. See chart below.

If we want 80% of those with a diploma to be ready to get better than minimum wage jobs, we need to be at an average ACT score above 25. That simply cannot be done with the poor management performance shown in the above charts. A diploma generally means that the person is fully prepared for a job or further education. With a 20.7 (Knox County, TN 2015) ACT score we produce only 24% of the graduates with a diploma who are ACT ready. That makes our Tennessee public school diplomas - worthless. What is the point in issuing worthless diplomas?

We are raising both at home and in school very soft and poorly trained children for a much tougher and more competitive world after high school. Schools and families must get tougher so that our children can survive in this tougher market. Otherwise they will not survive.

The Public Is Purposefully Misinformed About How Poorly Our Children Are Prepared In High School. It Is Done Both By The State And The School Districts. They Employ Professional PR People At Public Expense For Which The Public Pays With Their Hard-Earned Tax Dollars In Order To Produce Good News.

It is the ACT or SAT scores that indicate every year how well our children have been educated from grade one to twelve. They can claim that they have done many things, and they blame teachers and parents - but they have not initiated any program that raised the ACT or SAT scores since 1970. Those are the only tests that count and are given every year. But they organize big celebrations if we show even tiny gains in tests that do not count, because they are easier to show higher scores. This is how they misguide and lie to the public, who pay more and more every year for the poor results.

"Anyone who doesn't take truth seriously in small matters cannot be trusted in large ones either".
Albert Einstein
Are school boards and superintendents telling the public all the truth and nothing but the truth about their results?

Raising the minimum wage instead of increasing public high school performance and improving behavior to internationally competitive levels, accelerates the demand for the less expensive and more productive robotic automation.

Among black high school graduates, 95% were not ready nationally in 2015. 95%! At the same time a charter school chain in NYC (Success Academy Schools 1, Success Academy Schools 2) with poor, inner city black students with 32 schools scored top one percent in math in the New York State Common Core Tests in 2013 beating even most private schools. They demand excellence in teaching and in student behavior. New York State is the fifth highest performer in the USA. Tennessee, a state we use for some examples, is in the bottom half of US performance. Or better yet, look at a world top performer, Finland with methodologies developed that are pure genius to produce excellent results in less teaching hours and lower cost than ours, although their cost of living is higher (Finland 1, Finland 2). Excellent results are possible, but not the way we have been running public schools in any state for the past hundred years. We do not visit those who excel to learn from them.

"With the long-term declining of primary and secondary education, we are developing a nation of sheep.
A nation of sheep will beget a government of wolves."

Edward R. Morrow, Journalist, 1908-1965

TCAP state test results for Tennessee showed a much higher score than the national ACT or NAEP tests, because the state tests are easier. In addition, if the percentage score of right answers is low, e.g., 45%, normally it would be a failing grade. To make it look better, the state translates the low 45% score to a "B". They call this failing grade translation "Cut scores". The result about how well the students know what they were taught, becomes a lie to the public. The TCAP's rigor or toughness was 58% lower than the ACT. Tests are never designed to show less than the intended results for a grade. In other words, the much easier state test shows much higher grades, putting into good light performance that is a disastrous failure using these "Cut scores". As a result, we hurt a very large percentage of graduating children who are not ready for a meaningful job or for more education without two years of full time remedial courses.


"The most pressing task is to teach people how to learn."
Peter Drucker, 1909-2005, Father of 21st Century
Management By Objectives

For black students the percentage of those not ready for a job is 98% in Tennessee (95% nationally). The public is unaware of these facts. The black student figures are very disturbing. A chain of charter schools with poor black inner city children (Success Academy Schools of New York City 1:, Success Academy Schools of New York City 2:, A virtual tour: worked hard and had outstanding results with 32 schools in 2014. These black inner city children from poor families scored in the top 1% in Math and the top 3% in English on the difficult Common Core tests in the entire State of New York, the fifth best performing state in US education. THE PROBLEM CAN BE SOLVED, BUT NOT THE WAY OUR PUBLIC SCHOOL DISTRICTS ARE MANAGED.

We have created a powder keg that will surely blow up.

All of this, because state law delegates ALL decisions to the school districts' elected board everywhere, whose majority has no management experience on the scale of the school district. Important: The states do not provide MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES.

What brings success in other countries?

(Statement from the national institute for excellence in teaching on the 2013 NAEP results and Nation's report card).

Most national income tends to be generated internationally, because the international market is huge. That happens only if American companies who sell internationally are selling competitive products in quality and pricing. Such competitiveness depends on the quality of their work force, which in turn is dependent on the competitiveness of the high schools. That in turn depends on the nation's position on the OECD PISA tests, how wisely that nation spends money on education per student, and how teachers are prepared and managed to educate the coming work force.

Education results depend on the quality and management of teachers. That quality needs to be high internationally to have internationally competitive children in the work force after high school graduation or to go to higher level learning. The graph below shows the excessive hours that US teachers have to work in the classroom compared to the high performing internationals in education. They also have a large load in paperwork and in tests relative the competition. COMPETITIVELY THESE ARE EXCESSIVE AND DO NOT IMPROVE THE POOR PERFORMANCE. The results of the teachers are not good, since we dropped internationally to 40th in math.

"Our progress as a nation can be no swifter than our progress in education. The human mind is our fundamental resource."
John F. Kennedy (1917-1963)
Thirty-fifth President of the USA

The very low black student performance is likely to become the fuse in this "powder keg", that our state departments of education and elected school boards in our school districts allowed to happen.

Before anyone says that improvement is not possible, a charter school system called Success Academy Schools in New York City with 32 schools and poor inner city black children, scored in the top one percent in mathematics in the New York State Common Core tests in 2014. They beat the majority of all state public AND private schools
(Success Academy Schools of New York City 1:, Success Academy Schools of New York City 2:, A virtual tour: The big difference between a charter school and a public school is the board of education who are in charge. In a charter school, the board members are appointed by the school system management. In a public school district, the board is elected. The results mirror the quality of the voting majority on these boards. New York State is the fifth highest performer in the USA.

In our opinion, we are facing a national emergency. No one took sufficient action in any state's leadership to raise the ACT (or SAT) scores, yet the Success Academy Schools clearly show what can be accomplished! At what average ACT score level should we be to be ACT Ready for a job or to enter a college? Assuming 80% ACT readiness ( note that we are 80%+ NOT ACT READY) of high school graduates. More than an average ACT score of 25 would be needed, instead of 21 nationally and close to it in other states for 80% of our high school graduates to be ACT Ready. THE 21 ACT REQUIREMENT BY THE STATE BY 2020 IS TOO LOW.

We are not doing as well as the school districts' PR groups tell us through the local newspapers. The education laws allow the school districts to conduct their business in any manner whatsoever. They get fully funded under the law. They don't have to be competitive. The public has to be reasonably satisfied, and the school district PR Groups achieve that. Lenin, the father of "disinformation" theory said that "A lie mentioned often enough "becomes the truth." The public who pays for it all does not get the entire truth. Under Hitler, master propagandist of the Nazi regime, Joseph Goebels, his information minister, added the following practice: use half-truths to build a case that the public will buy. "A half-truth is a whole lie" - says a proverb. A group can get away with it only until the majority discovers that their children cannot get a job. That moment is coming close AND THERE WILL BE A LOT OF ANGER.

Programs with very small growth in objectives reflect low expectations and the gains produced will hardly justify the expense. When people face high objectives, they rise to the occasion and meet objectives. When people face low objectives, they have difficulty meeting them.

For example if Tennessee is producing only a 14% ACT Readiness, and starts a program that will raise it only to 21% ACT Readiness, with the rate at which job requirements are growing, they accomplished nothing. That is exactly the kind of low expectation objective that is being implemented and celebrated. You do improve somewhat with it if delivered, it will look good to the public, but it means nothing. And then cognitive robots come into the market and the majority of your children will have no chance for a job.

"Educational failure puts the United States' future economic prosperity, global position, and physical safety at risk", warns the Council on Foreign Relations Task Force, chaired by Joel I. Klein, former head of New York City public schools, and Condoleezza Rice, Director, Stanford University, former U.S. secretary of state. The country "will not be able to keep pace - much less lead - globally unless it moves to fix the problems it has allowed to fester for too long," argues the Task Force. US Education is a national security problem:

Our failure level, and market size we are demonstrating make us an ideal target market for robots. That has a positive side, because many companies are dissatisfied with work force quality and are holding funds so that they can move to states or countries with a better trained work force.

Look at the chart for teacher turnover below. Turnover typically costs 6-18 months of the salaries of the people replaced. We are not showing total turnover expense, but only the portion that could be saved with better people management.

Many nations spent less per student than we did, and delivered superior results. This is the result of better education management. Poor management: poor results with MORE THAN ENOUGH FUNDING. THE MONEY IS NOT BEING SPENT IN THE RIGHT PLACES. And the poor inexperienced management keeps making the same mistake every year. This is NOT a right or left wing, Republican or Democrat problem. It happened under both parties since 1970. IT IS AN AMERICAN PROBLEM, and we keep doing nothing about it. It is time for some big changes.

We have a problem to solve. IN EVERY SCHOOL DISTRICT OF EVERY US STATE, IT IS THE ELECTED SCHOOL BOARD THAT DETERMINES WHAT OBJECTIVES AND PLANS THE SCHOOL DISTRICT WILL FOLLOW. With more than 14,500 school districts nationally, performance standardization and achievement becomes an impossibility. Imagine a ball game with 14,500 playing. They just follow their own rules, and don't even know where the goal posts are. And, they cost A LOT of money.

The elected boards have more authority than the state or federal government in areas relating to education results, spending and operating ratios. Board membership requires only a high school diploma. The end of high school results (ACT and SAT) are very poor. Imagine that in the case of Knox County, Tennessee, our example, such an elected board oversees an organization with more than 8,500 employees with a budget of more than half billion dollars. That is a huge management task requiring management training and experience on the highest level. Such background and experience is not available in school boards even on the individual level let alone for the voting majority. The results can only be terrible under such circumstances.

Who was responsible for these poor results and bad teacher morale in Knox County, Tennessee? The board of education is totally in charge of all decisions about objectives, operating plans and financial decisions under the state law. However, we have a sample of the public running for the school board, and the state education departments do not help them at all with explanations and guide lines in areas where the average person is not familiar with the process - because they don't even know. The people who were responsible for the poor results in Knox County, TN, are the superintendent, and board of education chairs INDYA KINCANNON, KAREN CARSON, LYNNE FUGATE AND MIKE MACMILLAN. Superintendent taught for one year, then managed food service, security and accounting with less than 150 direct employees, never managed a single school before the board hired him with a 5:4 decision to manage 89 schools, more than 8,500 direct employees and a half billion dollar budget.

Read this website. Verify the sources. Decide where the truth is, and what they don't tell you. "WILL MY CHILDREN AND GRAND CHILDREN BE EMPLOYED?" Your child's future depends on them.

"Things may come to those who wait...but only the things left by those who hustle!"
Abraham Lincoln

Benchmarking for Success: Ensuring U.S. Students Receive a World-Class Education
Click on the title to read the plan.
A report by the National Governors Association, the Council of Chief State School Officers, and Achieve, Inc.

  • Action 1: Upgrade state standards by adopting a common core of internationally bench marked standards in math and language arts for grades K-12 to ensure that students are equipped with the necessary knowledge and skills to be globally competitive.
  • Action 2: Leverage states' collective influence to ensure that textbooks, digital media, curricula, and assessments are aligned to internationally bench marked standards and draw on lessons from high performing nations and states.
  • Action 3: Revise state policies for recruiting, preparing, developing, and supporting teachers and school leaders to reflect the human capital practices of top-performing nations and states around the world.
  • Action 4: Hold schools and systems accountable through monitoring, interventions, and support to ensure consistently high performance, drawing upon international best practices.
  • Action 5: Measure state-level education performance globally by examining student achievement and attainment in an international context to ensure that, over time, students are receiving the education they need to compete in the 21st century economy.

THE ABOVE PLAN WAS APPROVED BY MORE THAN 40 STATES AND THE US GOVERNMENT. This plan was not created by the US Government. The intent was clear: study the top international performers, determine what made them more productive in education than the US, and implement the new practices and standards in the states to produce significant improvement. Nothing of significance was implemented as of August, 2015. If implemented, the ACT (and SAT) scores would have risen significantly. They did not increase and went down in many states like Tennessee, where we set an all time low ACT score. Look at the results below.

The Success Academy Schools of NYC, having achieved top one percent status in the entire State of New York with 32 schools of poor black inner city children in 2013, is an example of what is possible, when everywhere else the same children are on the bottom. Look at the example for turnover analysis below. It is very costly. We are not showing total turnover expense, but only the portion that could be saved with better hiring practices. Sadly, we are killing the country and don't want to change in order to save the jobs of those who are creating the problem.

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has an Education Department that tracks the performance of 15 year olds in 73 countries and presents excellent reports on where and what improvements are needed. Key indicators of success per country: Test results (PISA) and detailed reports per country (USA Status Report, Per country education analysis and polices: What countries' teachers spend the most hours teaching (compare to top performing countries Finland and Korea): Class size makes a difference in outcomes if less than 20 students:

A presidential project, "Rising Above the Gathering Storm, Revisited: Rapidly Approaching Category 5 (2010)", concluded that "disparities in U.S. K-12 education compared to those of many other nations, impose the economic equivalent of a permanent national recession- one substantially larger than the deep recession the country is currently experiencing." You can read it here.

Good education is the only certain way out of poverty. Unfortunately, our education system has become so poor that it can drive even children who are not from poverty, into poverty.

For years now, our education system in Knox County, Tennessee has been creating more than 80% of the students from 9th grade who are not prepared for jobs beyond minimum wage after leaving high school, according to ACT. The State is worse at 86%. They will be replaced by robots by 2025.

WHY WE MUST IMPROVE URGENTLY: It Is A Good Idea To Peek Into The Future With The Videos Below To Understand Why Better Education Than What We Currently Have Is Absolutely Vital For The Future Existence Of Our Children.

Dr. Michio Kaku, world famous scientist, in "America has a secret weapon":

...and if you would like to understand more about the future in depth, here is Dr. Ray Kurzweil,a brilliant man, head of AI and Robotics at Google ( a world famous scientist, whose accuracy of forecasting future events and developments has been more than 85% accurate.


Reference1: Robotics 1.
Reference2: Robotics 2.
Reference3: Half of jobs may be gone in less than ten years.
Reference4: Robots have been taking jobs.
Reference5: Low skill workers face challenge.
Reference6: Future of jobs.
Reference7: What are robots, will they take our jobs.
Reference8: Middle class workers are losing their jobs to robots
Reference9: Anesthesia robots deliver sedation in some medical procedures
Reference10: McDonalds replacing employees with robots
Reference11: Robots threaten jobs
Reference12: Experts believe that one third of jobs will be replaced by robots within ten years
Reference13: Computers making decisions in robotics
Reference14: Robots replace 5 million human jobs
Reference15: Science Daily
Reference16: BBC: Robotics
Reference17: Many examples of artificial intelligence today at the heart of robotics
Reference18: How a brick laying robot builds a house
Reference19: Example of pizza making via robots is advancing
Reference20: Robots replacing construction workers
Reference21: hotel staffed with robots,
Reference22: Shenzhen China, FOXCONN, a million workers replaced. China and Japan have much better education results than we do. Their objective is clearly to provide the best quality services or products at the lowest cost in a competitive market without falling behind in either quality, performance or cost.
Reference23: The effect of robotic and software automation on jobs.
Reference24: Supermarket automation with robots and only three workers,
Reference25: How do robots plan and make decisions
Reference26: Robotic nurses making decisions
Reference27: Alberta, Canada, one of the best in education worldwide, is trying to adapt to automation in the work place
Reference28: Creating superhumans by 2050
Reference29: Pew Research report on advantages and disadvantages of robotics
Reference30: Dr. Ray Kurtzweil previously forecasted these major robotic events for 2045. His current forecast indicates an incredible acceleration in the development of robotics and biological computing. That in turn means an incredibly high number of high level new jobs with high pay, but requiring a high level of education.


Reference1: Why American students do poorly
Reference2: Key reason why American teachers do poorly
Reference3: Research suggests poor quality of teacher training programs in US compared to other countries,
Reference4: Why students do better overseas,
Reference5: US science teachers are behind in training degree requirements.
Reference6: The impact of school leadership on student achievement,
Reference7: US teacher training is not good enough
Reference8: Why we must fire bad teachers
Reference9: What is great teaching,
Reference10: A collection of more.
Reference11: Very few good universities for US teacher preparation.
Reference12: Teacher preparation overview.
Reference13: Raising teacher quality around the world.
Reference14: How high-achieving countries develop great teachers.
Reference15: American teachers vs. highest performing nations (L. Darling-Hammond).
Reference16: Poor U.S. student performance.
Reference17: The ticking clock of US teacher burnout
Reference18: A new study finds that American teacher don't actually work
Reference19: America has a teacher shortage and it is getting worse
Reference20: Why good teachers quit
Reference21: Professional development for teachers is not good enough
Reference22: Teacher turnover fact sheet please?






Copyright © 2018 V. Spencer
This is a work in progress.

We should be able to ACHIEVE much better results than ABOVE!